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Funding for Academy Projects:Vision of Brazil and World

Published on Jun 1, 2019
· DOI :10.23919/cisti.2019.8760662
Gilka Rocha Barbosa , Cristine Gusmão7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UFPE: Federal University of Pernambuco),
Hermano Perrelli de Moura9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UFPE: Federal University of Pernambuco)
Abstract
  • References (14)
  • Citations (0)
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References14
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#1Ulf Sandström (KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)H-Index: 14
#2Peter van den Besselaar (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 28
Understanding the quality of science systems requires international comparative studies, which are difficult because of the lack of comparable data especially about inputs in research. In this study, we deploy an approach based on change instead of on levels of inputs and outputs: an approach that to a large extent eliminates the problem of measurement differences between countries. We firstly show that there are large differences in efficiency between national science systems, defined as the in...
9 CitationsSource
#1Jochen Gläser (Technical University of Berlin)H-Index: 13
#2Kathia Serrano Velarde (Heidelberg University)H-Index: 2
With this special issue, we would like to promote research on changes in the funding of the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Since funding secures the livelihood of researchers and the means to do research, it is an indispensable condition for almost all research; as funding arrangements are undergoing dramatic changes, we think it timely to renew the science studies community’s efforts to understand the funding of research. Changes in the governance of science have garnered considerab...
5 CitationsSource
#1Richard Whitley (University of Manchester)H-Index: 42
#2Jochen Gläser (Technical University of Berlin)H-Index: 13
Last. Grit Laudel (Technical University of Berlin)H-Index: 8
view all 3 authors...
The past three decades have witnessed a sharp reduction in the rate of growth of public research funding, and sometimes an actual decline in its level. In many countries, this decline has been accompanied by substantial changes in the ways that such funding has been allocated and monitored. In addition, the institutions governing how research is directed and conducted underwent significant reforms. In this paper we examine how these changes have affected scientists’ research goals and practices ...
9 CitationsSource
#1Barry Bozeman (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 55
#2Jan Youtie (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 22
Interest in evaluating non-economic social outcomes of science and technology research has risen in policy circles in recent years. The interest in social impacts of research has not yet given rise to a great proliferation of useful, valid techniques for evaluating such impacts. This study presents detailed case studies of four US National Science Foundation (NSF) programs/initiatives to provide a framework for understanding diverse efforts at addressing social impacts, and to suggest some impor...
9 CitationsSource
#1Phech Colatat (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 1
Research funding is known to affect the rate and direction of scientific and inventive activity. Most commonly, this is understood as occurring through the allocation of funds toward certain types of research and by altering the disclosure regime. This paper calls attention to another set of factors that likely also influence scientific and technological outcomes, but has gone largely unexamined: organizational practices at research funding organizations. I explore these factors in a mixed-metho...
9 CitationsSource
#2M. Goldschmidt (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 1
In this study we evaluate whether a substantial increase in public funding to researchers is associated with a material difference in their productivity. We compare performance measures of researchers who were granted substantial funding against researchers with similar scholarly standing who did not receive such funding. We find that substantial funding is associated with raised researcher performance – though the increase is moderate, is strongly conditional on the quality of the researcher wh...
13 CitationsSource
#1Jiang Wu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 9
Distributing scientific funding to the suitable universities and research fields is very important to the innovation acceleration in science and technology. Using a longitudinal panel dataset of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the total 224,087 sponsored projects is utilized to investigate the distributions of scientific funding across universities and research disciplines. The inequality of funding distribution is studied through the investigation of Gini coefficient, a...
12 CitationsSource
#1Angela Sugamosto Westphal (UCB: Universidade Católica de Brasília)H-Index: 1
The article presents , through bibliographical research and historical analysis , the role of Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education - CAPES in the process of internationalization of graduate education in Brazil , as a fomenter of access for training of Doctors , researchers and students abroad . For this, it is necessary to understand politics with basis on bilateral agreements with the World Bank, WTO, OECD and others. This discussion is based on a collection...
1 CitationsSource
#1A. V. GondaliyaH-Index: 1
#2K. V. ShahH-Index: 1
Funding agencies are Govt. or Non-govt. body providing monitory grants for scientific research Areas- Science and Technology, Social sciences, etc. In India various funding agencies are available which provide grants for a research in a various field. These agencies conduct research schemes to promote the research in India in science and/or
2 Citations
#1Jan van Steen (Rathenau Instituut)H-Index: 1
This paper presents the results of the data collection across 18 participating countries, demonstrating that it is possible to produce new policy relevant indicators on public funding of R&D in addition to those envisaged in the OECD Frascati Manual. The initial findings of the data collection highlight interesting differences across countries in terms of their approaches to funding R&D. But before conclusions can be drawn on the effectiveness of the different country funding profiles, further w...
26 CitationsSource
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