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Food has the right of way: Evidence for prioritised processing of visual food stimuli irrespective of eating style

Published on Nov 1, 2019in Appetite3.501
· DOI :10.1016/j.appet.2019.104372
Hannah Kirsten (University of Bonn), Laura-Effi Seib-Pfeifer2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Bonn)
+ 1 AuthorsHenning Gibbons17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Bonn)
Abstract
Abstract Visual attention for food is likely to play an important role for overeating. The attentional bias for visual food stimuli was investigated with respect to self-reported restrained, external and emotional eating style. Using a Rapid Serial Visual Presentation task ( N  = 103), the effects of visual food stimuli in the context of the attentional blink were examined. Food targets enhanced the attentional blink when presented as first targets in a rapid stream of pictures and impaired the identification of preceding non-food targets in terms of a backward interference when presented as second targets. Task irrelevant food distractors interfered with the identification of subsequent non-food targets. The effects provide evidence for a prioritisation of food stimuli in the allocation of attentional resources. The attentional bias for food emerged as a universal phenomenon irrespective of personal eating style. Therefore, enhanced attention for visual food stimuli seems to play no direct causal role in eating styles associated with overeating.
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References38
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#1Iris Zerweck (University of Tübingen)H-Index: 1
Abstract The aim of the current study was to examine how different patterns of eating behavior and visual attention to different food cues are related to each other while taken gender into account. The German version of the DEBQ was used to examine three eating behavior patterns (restrained, emotional and external eating) and mobile eye tracking technology was used to measure visual attention to different food cues in an experimental setting. Results showed a strong evidence for the influence of...
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#1G.R. Davidson (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 1
#2Timo GiesbrechtH-Index: 9
Last. Tim C. Kirkham (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 31
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Abstract Implicit attentional processes are biased toward food-related stimuli, with the extent of that bias reflecting relative motivation to eat. These interactions have typically been investigated by comparisons between fasted and sated individuals. In this study, temporal changes in implicit attention to food were assessed in relation to natural, spontaneous changes in appetite occurring before and after an anticipated midday meal. Non-fasted adults performed an emotional blink of attention ...
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Abstract We examined the P3 (250–500 ms) and Late Positive Potential (LPP; 500–2000 ms) event-related potentials (ERPs) to food vs. nonfood cues among adolescents reporting on emotional eating (EE) behavior. Eighty-six adolescents 10–17 years old were tested using an instructed food versus nonfood cue viewing task (imagine food taste) during high-density EEG recording. Self-report data showed that EE increased with age in girls, but not in boys. Both P3 and LPP amplitudes were greater for food v...
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#1Janet Polivy (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 60
#2C. Peter Herman (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 54
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We investigated the neural mechanisms involved in bias for food stimuli in our visual environment using event related lateralized (ERL) responses. The participants were presented with a cue (food or non-food item) to either identify or hold in working memory. Subsequently, they had to search for a target in a 2-item display where target and distractor stimuli were each flanked by a picture of a food or a non-food item. The behavioural data showed that performance was strongly affected by food cu...
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Last. Anette Kersting (Leipzig University)H-Index: 18
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The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire is an internationally widely used instrument assessing different eating styles that may contribute to weight gain and overweight: emotional eating, external eating, and restraint. This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 30-item German version of the DEBQ including its measurement invariance across gender, age, and BMI-status in a representative German population sample. Furthermore, we examined the distribution of eating styles in t...
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#1Matt Field (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 43
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OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this article is to critically evaluate the following claims derived from contemporary theoretical models of attentional bias (AB) for food- and drug-related stimuli: (a) AB is a characteristic feature of obesity and addiction, (b) AB predicts future behavior, (c) AB exerts a causal influence on consummatory behavior, and (d) AB reflects appetitive motivational processes. METHOD:A focused discussion of the relevant literature is presented. RESULTS:The available evidence ...
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Despite the essential role of food in our lives, we have little understanding of the way our knowledge about food is organized in the brain. At birth, human infants exhibit very few food preferences, and do not yet know much about what is edible and what is not. A multisensory learning development will eventually turn young infants into omnivore adults, for whom deciding what to eat becomes an effortful task. Recognizing food constitutes an essential step in this decisional process. In this pape...
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Living in an‘obesogenic’environment poses a serious challenge for weight maintenance. However, many people are able to maintain a healthy weight indicating that not everybody is equally susceptible to the temptations of this food environment. The way in which someone perceives and reacts to food cues, that is, cognitive processes, could underlie differences in susceptibility. An attention bias for food could be such a cognitive factor that contributes to overeating. However, an attention bias fo...
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