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Testing the Tripartite Influence Model among heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian women

Published on Sep 1, 2019in Body Image3.12
· DOI :10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.07.001
Vivienne M. Hazzard2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UM: University of Michigan),
Lauren M. Schaefer9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 5 AuthorsJ. Kevin Thompson70
Estimated H-index: 70
(USF: University of South Florida)
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Abstract
Abstract This cross-sectional study explored similarities and differences between heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian women in levels of, and relationships between, the following constructs using a Tripartite Influence Model framework: family, peer, and media appearance pressures, thin- and muscular-ideal internalization, and eating disorder (ED) pathology. Self-identified heterosexual ( n  = 1,528), bisexual ( n  = 89), and lesbian ( n  = 278) undergraduate women completed the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 and the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire. Sexual orientation differences in appearance pressures, appearance-ideal internalization, and ED pathology were examined via analysis of variance tests. Relationships between these variables were examined with multi-group path analyses, controlling for age, race/ethnicity, and body mass index. Compared with lesbian women, heterosexual and bisexual women reported higher levels of peer appearance pressures. Paths from peer appearance pressures and thin-ideal internalization to shape/weight overvaluation and body dissatisfaction were strongest for bisexual women. Overall, results indicate notable similarities between heterosexual, bisexual, and lesbian women. However, preliminary evidence for potential differences highlights the importance of examining variation in ED risk between sexual minority subgroups.
  • References (28)
  • Citations (0)
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References28
Newest
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Body Image3.12
Marilou Girard3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Toulouse),
Rachel F. Rodgers21
Estimated H-index: 21
(NU: Northeastern University),
Henri Chab30
Estimated H-index: 30
(University of Toulouse)
Abstract The aim of this study was to explore a prospective sociocultural model of the influence of media, peers, and partners on body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, and muscularity concerns in a sample of young women in France. A sample of 192 undergraduate women with a mean age of 20.97 years ( SD = 2.69) completed a questionnaire at two time-points, 12 months apart, assessing media and interpersonal influences, appearance comparison, body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, and muscula...
Published on Jul 1, 2018in European Eating Disorders Review3.15
Paolo Meneguzzo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UNIPD: University of Padua),
Enrico Collantoni5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UNIPD: University of Padua)
+ 4 AuthorsAngela Favaro Silvia Ferrara Paolo Santonastaso32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UNIPD: University of Padua)
Published on Jun 1, 2018in Body Image3.12
Laura R. Uhlmann1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Griffith University),
Caroline L. Donovan17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Griffith University)
+ 2 AuthorsRobin A. Ramme2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Griffith University)
Abstract Anecdotal testimony suggests the ‘fit’ female body ideal is ‘healthier’ than the thin ideal, because it simultaneously focuses on muscularity. However, statistical investigation into the outcomes associated with fit ideal internalisation is absent. Moderation analyses were used to investigate whether concurrent muscular internalisation mitigated the relationship between thin internalisation and; negative affect, body dissatisfaction, bulimic symptoms, and dieting. Further analyses were ...
Published on Mar 1, 2018in Body Image3.12
Meghan E. Lovering5
Estimated H-index: 5
(NU: Northeastern University),
Rachel F. Rodgers21
Estimated H-index: 21
(NU: Northeastern University)
+ 1 AuthorsDebra L. Franko49
Estimated H-index: 49
(NU: Northeastern University)
Abstract Pregnancy and childbirth result in dramatic changes in a woman’s body shape, which can be associated with body image concerns. To date, however, little is known about how sociocultural factors may influence body dissatisfaction in postpartum women. This study aimed to test a sociocultural model of body image and eating concerns among a sample of postpartum women. A sample of N = 474 women, mean ( SD ) age = 30.6 (4.8), having given birth during the last year, completed an online survey ...
Published on Jan 2, 2018in Issues in Mental Health Nursing0.98
Julia Taylor2
Estimated H-index: 2
(La Trobe University)
ABSTRACTOver the past two decades research has consistently found that bisexual people experience poorer mental health than their gay, lesbian or heterosexual counterparts. The reasons behind this high prevalence of poor mental health remain under-researched and largely unknown. In order to improve these outcomes, more research is critically needed with the aim of providing new knowledge upon which health care provision and policy development can be based. This article presents an analysis of th...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Body Image3.12
Lily Robinson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Flinders University),
Ivanka Prichard11
Estimated H-index: 11
(RMIT: RMIT University)
+ 3 AuthorsMarika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University)
Abstract Recent studies have documented a shift in the cultural ideal of physical attractiveness, with women subscribing to a visibly toned ideal that emphasises health and fitness. The present study experimentally investigated the impact of athletic and muscular fitness-idealised images compared to traditional thin ideal images on women’s body dissatisfaction and exercise behaviour, under the framework of Social Comparison Theory. Participants were 106 female undergraduate students randomly ass...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Body Image3.12
Diana E. Betz3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Loyola University Maryland),
Laura R. Ramsey9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Bridgewater State University)
Abstract While most body image research emphasizes the thin ideal, a wider variety of body-ideal messages pervade U.S. popular culture today, including those promoting athleticism or curves. Two studies assessed women’s reactions to messages conveying thin, athletic, and curvy ideals, compared to a control message that emphasized accepting all body types. Study 1 ( N = 192) surveyed women’s responses to these messages and found they perceived body-acceptance and athletic messages most favorably,...
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Current Psychiatry Reports3.82
Jerel P. Calzo19
Estimated H-index: 19
(SDSU: San Diego State University),
Aaron J. Blashill17
Estimated H-index: 17
(SDSU: San Diego State University)
+ 1 AuthorsRussell L. Argenal1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SDSU: San Diego State University)
Purpose of Review This review summarized trends and key findings from empirical studies conducted between 2011 and 2017 regarding eating disorders and disordered weight and shape control behaviors among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and other sexual minority (i.e., non-heterosexual) populations.
Published on Feb 1, 2017in International Journal of Eating Disorders3.52
Lauren M. Schaefer9
Estimated H-index: 9
(USF: University of South Florida),
Jennifer A. Harriger4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Pepperdine University)
+ 2 AuthorsJ. Kevin Thompson70
Estimated H-index: 70
(USF: University of South Florida)
Cited By0
Newest
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Body Image3.12
Alexandra D. Convertino (UCSD: University of California, San Diego), Manuel Gonzales1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SDSU: San Diego State University)
+ 1 AuthorsAaron J. Blashill17
Estimated H-index: 17
(SDSU: San Diego State University)
Abstract The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 Revised (SATAQ-4R) is a measure of internalization (or belief and acceptance) of muscular, thin/low body fat, and general attractiveness ideals; and of sociocultural pressures experienced from family, peers, media, and significant others to achieve the ideal body. The current study examined the psychometric properties of the SATAQ-4R scores in a sample of sexual minority (non-heterosexual) men and women. Confirmatory factor ...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Body Image3.12
Cristina Stefanile9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UniFI: University of Florence),
Amanda Nerini6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UniFI: University of Florence)
+ 2 AuthorsJoel K. Thompson28
Estimated H-index: 28
(USF: University of South Florida)
Abstract Appearance-ideal internalization and appearance pressures are empirically-supported risk factors for body image disturbance and disordered eating in Western countries. Such a relationship has emerged also in the Italian context, where high rates of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating are present. The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) and its revisions are among the most commonly used instruments to assess the role of sociocultural influences on body...