Towards a more refined insight in the critical motivating features of choice: An experimental study among recreational rope skippers
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Psychiatry Research-neuroimaging2.21
· DOI :10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101561
Abstract Objective The question whether choice is a motivation and engagement-enhancing practice is a much debated subject, both theoretically as well as in practice. Therefore, the present study examined the impact of different types of choice on engagement and intended perseverance. Design and method : In a sample of Belgian rope skippers ( n = 159; M age = 17.17; SD age = 8.43) an experimental field design was implemented, in which three different choice conditions were compared to a no-choice comparison group. Results Results indicated that being offered choice with regard the type of exercises (i.e. option choice ) were mixed, with choice yielding a clear engagement and perseverance-enhancing effect compared to a no choice control group in cases the offered options differed clearly from one another (i.e., high contrast option choice ), while no benefits were observed in case choice options leaned closely to one another (i.e. low contrast option choice ). Athletes’ involvement in the order of exercises during a training session (i.e. action choice ) tended to enhance athletes’ engagement, but not their intentional perseverance, compared to a no choice control group. Finally, all experimentally offered choices yielded a positive effect on two aspects of autonomy need satisfaction, that is, perceived choice and felt volition. These two variables functioned as a chain of mechanisms through which different types of choice, related to athlete engagement and intended perseverance. These effects emerged irrespective of rope-skippers’ dispositional indecisiveness. Conclusion The discussion highlights the importance of a nuanced discussion regarding the topic of choice, thereby contrasting the different pros and cons associated with each type of choice.