Branding/Logomark minus Citation Combined Shape Icon/Bookmark-empty Icon/Copy Icon/Collection Icon/Close Copy 7 no author result Created with Sketch. Icon/Back Created with Sketch. Match!

Stress and recovery in sports: Effects on heart rate variability, cortisol, and subjective experience

Published on Sep 1, 2019in International Journal of Psychophysiology 2.41
· DOI :10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.06.011
P. Vacher , E. Filaire (University of Paris-Sud)+ 1 AuthorsMichel Nicolas8
Estimated H-index: 8
Cite
Abstract
Abstract This study aimed to investigate (1) the time-variations and (2) the repeated measures relationship between training load (TL) and psychological and physiological parameters and performance. Data were collected around 12-weeks of training in fifteen national swimmers. Psychological states were assessed using the RESTQ-36-R-Sport Questionnaire and the Sport Emotion Questionnaire. Subjects collected four saliva samples throughout the day at 1) 7 a.m. immediately after waking, 2) 30 min after waking, 3) 60 min after waking, and 4) 8 p.m., allowing us to calculate the area under the curve with respect to ground (AUCg) and the sAA over cortisol ratio (AOC). Finally, heart rate variability was computed using a submaximal 5′-5′ running test. Time variations were analyzed throughout repeated measures ANOVA and repeated measures correlations were run using the “rmcorr” R package. Recovery-stress states and emotional markers showed quadratic curves, while parasympathetic markers showed linear trajectories over time. Significant associations over time were found between TL and recovery, stress, emotional states, lnRMSSD and the AOC. Taken together, these results provided evidence that psychological and physiological states do not follow the same dynamics (i.e., linear vs. quadratic vs. no variation) in the functional training periodization condition. Our study also provided evidence that recovery-stress states, emotional states, lnRMSSD, and the AOC were of interest due to their intra-individual associations around the time with TL.
  • References (49)
  • Citations (0)
Cite
References49
Newest
Published on Aug 1, 2018in Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 3.63
P. Vacher1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Montpellier),
Guillaume Martinent13
Estimated H-index: 13
+ 1 AuthorsMichel Nicolas8
Estimated H-index: 8
Ciara Sinnott-O’Connor , Thomas M. Comyns7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsGiles D. Warrington10
Estimated H-index: 10
Context: Stress responses in athletes can be attributed to training and competition, where increased physiological and psychological stress may negatively affect performance and recovery. Purpose: To examine the relationship between training load (TL) and salivary biomarkers immunoglobulin A (IgA), alpha-amylase (AA), and cortisol across a 16-wk preparation phase and 10-d competition phase in Paralympic swimmers. Methods: Four Paralympic swimmers provided biweekly saliva samples during 3 trainin...
Published on Jun 27, 2017in PLOS ONE 2.78
María Dolores Contreras-Aguilar3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Damián Escribano11
Estimated H-index: 11
+ 5 AuthorsJosé J. Cerón28
Estimated H-index: 28
The objective of this pilot study was to compare the different ways of measuring salivary alpha-amylase (sAA, enzymatic vs. concentration) and to evaluate the influence that the different ways of reporting the results can have in sAA interpretation. For this purpose, sAA was measured by direct quantification and also by an enzymatic assay in three different naturalistic situations, a physical stressor (situation 1) and two mental stressors of different intensity (situations 2 and 3). The results...
Published on Jun 23, 2017in Frontiers in Psychology 2.13
Philippe Vacher2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Michel Nicolas8
Estimated H-index: 8
+ 1 AuthorsLaurent Mourot20
Estimated H-index: 20
This study examined the trajectories of emotional states and their within-person synergies with perceived stress and recovery during a four-month training period preceding the French swimming championships. A Multilevel Growth Curve Analysis approach was used with 16 high level swimmers. Five waves of assessments of emotional states, perceived stress and recovery were completed. Results indicated that emotional states were characterized by distinct trajectories during the training period precedi...
Published on Sep 1, 2016in British Journal of Sports Medicine 11.64
Martin Peter Schwellnus6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Pretoria),
Torbjørn Soligard14
Estimated H-index: 14
(International Olympic Committee)
+ 14 AuthorsMark R. Hutchinson23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)
Athletes participating in elite sports are exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendars. Emerging evidence indicates that poor load management is a major risk factor for injury. The International Olympic Committee convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load (defined broadly to include rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel) and health outcomes in ...
Published on May 1, 2016in Journal of Sport and Health Science 3.64
Michel Nicolas8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Burgundy),
Philippe Vacher2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Burgundy)
+ 1 AuthorsLaurent Mourot20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UFC: University of Franche-Comté)
Abstract Background Psychological stress and recovery monitoring is a key issue for increasing athletes' health, well-being, and performance. This multi-study report examined changes and the dose–response relationships between recovery–stress psychological states, training load (TL), heart rate (HR), heart rate recovery (HRR), and heart rate variability (HRV) while providing evidence for the factorial validity of a short French version of the Recovery–Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-36-...
Published on Mar 14, 2016in Frontiers in Physiology 3.20
Mounir Chennaoui23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Paris V: Paris Descartes University),
Clément Bougard8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Paris V: Paris Descartes University)
+ 4 AuthorsFrédéric Vergnoux1
Estimated H-index: 1
The aim of this study was to evaluate stress markers, mood states and sleep indicators in high-level swimmers during a major 7-days competition according to the outcomes. Nine swimmers (6 men and 3 women (age: 22 ± 2 years and 22 ± 4 years, respectively) were examined. Before (PRE) and after (POST) each race (series, semi-finals and finals), salivary concentrations of cortisol, α-amylase (sAA) and chromogranin-A (CgA) were determined. Mood states were assessed by the profile of mood state (POMS)...
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Psychoneuroendocrinology 4.01
Tobias Stalder34
Estimated H-index: 34
(TUD: Dresden University of Technology),
Clemens Kirschbaum101
Estimated H-index: 101
(TUD: Dresden University of Technology)
+ 11 AuthorsDirk H. Hellhammer3
Estimated H-index: 3
The cortisol awakening response (CAR), the marked increase in cortisol secretion over the first 30–45 min after morning awakening, has been related to a wide range of psychosocial, physical and mental health parameters, making it a key variable for psychoneuroendocrinological research. The CAR is typically assessed from self-collection of saliva samples within the domestic setting. While this confers ecological validity, it lacks direct researcher oversight which can be problematic as the validi...
Published on Jun 4, 2015in PLOS ONE 2.78
Rohan Edmonds3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of the Sunshine Coast),
Brendan Burkett21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of the Sunshine Coast)
+ 1 AuthorsMark R. McKean7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of the Sunshine Coast)
The purpose of this study was to a) determine the heart rate variability (HRV) and saliva markers of immunity (salivary immunoglobulin A; sIgA) and stress (salivary alpha-amylase; sAA) responses to chronic training in elite swimmers with a disability; and b) identify the relationships between HRV, sIgA, sAA and training volume. Eight members of a high performance Paralympic swimming program were monitored for their weekly resting HRV, sIgA and sAA levels in the 14 weeks leading up to a major int...
Edith Filaire20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Alain Massart5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 1 AuthorsChristine Le Scanff17
Estimated H-index: 17
Purpose: The aims of study were to examine the eating behaviors among 26 professional female tennis players and to assess the diurnal patterns of stress hormones through the measurement of awakening and diurnal profiles of salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and cortisol concentrations. Methods: Eating behaviors were assessed through three questionnaires (Eating Attitudes Test-26; Eating Disorders Inventory 2; and Body Shape Questionnaire), food intake by a 7-day diet record, and menstrual status by qu...
Cited By0
Newest