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Endemism and diversity in European montane mammals: macro-ecological patterns

Published on Aug 14, 2019in Biological Journal of The Linnean Society2.203
· DOI :10.1093/biolinnean/blz081
Giovanni Amori22
Estimated H-index: 22
,
Luigi Boitani57
Estimated H-index: 57
+ 2 AuthorsLuca Luiselli31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Rivers State University of Science and Technology)
Abstract
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The aim of this study is to determine the influence of selected environmental factors on the dynamic changes in the landscape in the Czech Republic: 1) to detect land use changes between 1986–2013 along altitudinal gradients in two neighbouring Czech districts (Třebic and Znojmo), 2) to test if there is a relationship between the spatial distribution of the main changes and selected environmental factors, 3) to identify differences in the sizes of agricultural fields between 1953 and 2013, and w...
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Additional co-authors: Jose Maria Fernandez-Palacios, Rosalina Gabriel, Roy E. Gereau, Rosemary G. Gillespie, Josef Greimler, David E.V. Harter, Tsurng-Juhn Huang, Severin D.H. Irl , Daniel Jeanmonod, Anke Jentsch, Christoph Kueffer, Sandra Nogue, Rudiger Otto, Jonathan Price, Maria M. Romeiras, Dominique Strasberg, Tod Stuessy, Jens-Christian Svenning, Ole R. Vetaas, Carl Beierkuhnlein
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We introduce a novel framework for conceptualising, quantifying and unifying discordant patterns of species richness along geographical gradients. While not itself explicitly mechanistic, this approach offers a path towards understanding mechanisms. In this study, we focused on the diverse patterns of species richness on mountainsides. We conjectured that elevational range midpoints of species may be drawn towards a single midpoint attractor - a unimodal gradient of environmental favourability. ...
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Summary Climate and topography are among the most fundamental drivers of plant diversity. Here, we assessed the importance of climate and topography in explaining diversity patterns of species richness, endemic richness and endemicity on the landscape scale of an oceanic island and evaluated the independent contribution of climatic and topographic variables to spatial diversity patterns. We constructed a presence/absence matrix of perennial endemic and native vascular plant species (including su...
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The European Union has made extensive biodiversity conservation efforts with the Habitats and Birds Directives and with the establishment of the Natura 2000 network of protected areas, one of the largest networks of conservation areas worldwide. We performed a gap analysis of the entire Natura 2000 system plus national protected areas and all terrestrial vertebrates (freshwater fish excluded). We also evaluated the level of connectivity of both systems, providing therefore a first estimate of th...
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Aim The evolutionary history of narrow endemic species has received little attention compared with that of more widely distributed species. Small effective population sizes and long-term isolation of many narrow endemic species make research on their genetic make-up important for their future conservation. In this study we investigated the genetic variation and historical distribution of an isolated plant, the monospecific genus Pseudomisopates, as an example of the phylogeographical history of ...
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Surface area does not decrease monotonically with elevation for two-thirds of mountain ranges. Consequently many mountain species might not experience reduced habitat area as they move upslope under climate change.
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Data from the Galapagos Islands exemplify how geology and climate can interact to cause episodes of isolation and fusion of the biota across a landscape. Different scales of such cycles dictate varying mechanisms of species generation.
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NEWS & VIEWS RESEARCH to replicate that effect perhaps underscores previously suggested 2,3 flaws in the blinding of earlier studies. So what might be going on in these birds? Several other external stimuli that stop ani- mals from responding to geomagnetic cues have been identified. Early studies of animal navigation noted that cues from the Sun or stars would take precedence over magnetic cues, leading to the idea that magnetism is the compass of last resort. It was then noticed that robins wo...
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Known for centuries, the geographical pattern of increasing biodiversity from the poles to the equator is one of the most pervasive features of life on Earth. A longstanding goal of biogeographers has been to understand the primary factors that generate and maintain high diversity in the tropics. Many ‘historical’ and ‘ecological’ hypotheses have been proposed and debated, but there is still little consensus. Recent discussions have centred around two main phenomena: phylogenetic niche conservat...
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The concept of generic diversity expresses the ‘diversification’ of species into genera in a community. Since niche overlap is assumed to be higher in congeneric species, competition should increase generic diversity. On the other hand, generic diversity might be lower in highly selective environments, where only species with similar adaptations can survive. We used the distribution of tenebrionid beetles in Central Italy to investigate how generic diversity varies with elevation from sea level ...
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