Machine-learning based brain age estimation in major depression showing no evidence of accelerated aging

Published on Aug 1, 2019in Psychiatry Research-neuroimaging2.208
· DOI :10.1016/j.pscychresns.2019.06.001
Bianca Besteher4
Estimated H-index: 4
Christian Gaser61
Estimated H-index: 61
Igor Nenadic25
Estimated H-index: 25
(University of Marburg)
Abstract Molecular biological findings indicate that affective disorders are associated with processes akin to accelerated aging of the brain. The use of the BrainAGE (brain age estimation gap) framework allows machine-learning based detection of a gap between age estimated from high-resolution MRI scans an chronological age, and thus an indicator of systems-level accelerated aging. We analysed 3T high-resolution structural MRI scans in 38 major depression patients (without co-morbid axis I or II disorders) and 40 healthy controls using the BrainAGE method to test the hypothesis of accelerated aging in (non-psychotic) major depression. We found no significant difference (or trend) for elevated BrainAGE in this pilot sample. Unlike previous findings in schizophrenia (and partially bipolar disorder), unipolar depression per se does not seem to be associated with accelerated aging patterns across the brain. However, given the limitations of the sample, further study is needed to test for effects in subgroups with comorbidities, as well as longitudinal designs.
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