Match!

Resistance Priming to Enhance Neuromuscular Performance in Sport: Evidence, Potential Mechanisms and Directions for Future Research

Published on Oct 1, 2019in Sports Medicine7.583
· DOI :10.1007/s40279-019-01136-3
Peter W. Harrison2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Lachlan P. James8
Estimated H-index: 8
(La Trobe University)
+ 2 AuthorsVincent G. Kelly10
Estimated H-index: 10
(QUT: Queensland University of Technology)
Sources
Abstract
Recent scientific evidence supports the use of a low-volume strength–power ‘resistance priming’ session prior to sporting competition in an effort to enhance neuromuscular performance. Though research evidence relating to this strategy is presently limited, it has been shown to be effective in improving various measures of neuromuscular performance within 48 h. Post-activation potentiation strategies have previously been shown to enhance strength–power performance within 20 min of completing maximal or near-maximal resistance exercise. Comparably, a delayed potentiation effect has been demonstrated following ‘resistance priming’ at various times between 1 and 48 h in upper- and lower-body performance measures. This may have significant implications for a range of athletes when preparing for competition. Various exercise protocols have been shown to improve upper- and lower-body neuromuscular performance measures in this period. In particular, high-intensity resistance exercise through high loading (≥ 85% 1 repetition maximum) or ballistic exercise at lower loads appears to be an effective stimulus for this strategy. Although current research has identified the benefits of resistance priming to some physical qualities, many questions remain over the application of this type of session, as well as the effects that it may have on a range of specific sporting activities. The aims of this brief review are to assess the current literature examining the acute effects (1–48 h) of resistance exercise on neuromuscular performance and discuss potential mechanisms of action as well as provide directions for future research.
  • References (50)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
5 Citations
26 Citations
2 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References50
Newest
#1Christopher Latella (Deakin University)H-Index: 4
#2Wei-Peng Teo (Deakin University)H-Index: 13
Last. Ashlee M. Hendy (Deakin University)H-Index: 9
view all 6 authors...
Objective Although neural adaptations from strength training are known to occur, the acute responses associated with heavy-strength (HST) and hypertrophy training (HYT) remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to compare the acute behaviour of corticospinal responses following a single session of HST vs HYT over a 72-h period.
7 CitationsSource
The aim of this study was to explore tapering practices among 10 Croatian open-class powerlifting champions (mean ± SD: age 29.2 ± 3.2 years; Wilks coefficient 355.1 ± 54.8). The athletes were interviewed about their tapering practices using a semi-structured interview after which the audio content was transcribed. The athletes reported decreasing training volume during the taper by 50.5 ± 11.7% using a step type or an exponential type of taper with a fast decay. Training intensity was maintaine...
10 CitationsSource
#1Laurent B. Seitz (ECU: Edith Cowan University)H-Index: 10
#2Minas A. Mina (University of Derby)H-Index: 3
Last. G. Gregory Haff (ECU: Edith Cowan University)H-Index: 34
view all 3 authors...
Abstracts Objectives The objective of this study was to examine the potentiating effects of performing a single sprint-style sled push on subsequent unresisted 20 m sprint performance. Design Randomized crossover design. Methods Following a familiarization session, twenty rugby league players performed maximal unresisted 20 m sprints before and 15 s, 4, 8 and 12 min after a single sled push stimulus loaded with either 75 or 125% body mass. The two sled push conditions were performed in a randomi...
3 CitationsSource
#2David B. Pyne (AIS: Australian Institute of Sport)H-Index: 54
Last. Ben RattrayH-Index: 13
view all 5 authors...
Context:An exercise bout completed several hours prior to an event may improve competitive performance later that same day. Purpose:To examine the influence of morning exercise on afternoon sprint-swimming performance. Methods:Thirteen competitive swimmers (7 male, mean age 19 ± 3 y; 6 female, mean age 17 ± 3 y) completed a morning session of 1200 m of variedintensity swimming (SwimOnly), a combination of varied-intensity swimming and a resistance-exercise routine (SwimDry), or no morning exerci...
3 CitationsSource
Mason, BRJ, Argus, CK, Norcott, B, and Ball, NB. Resistance training priming activity improves upper-body power output in rugby players: implications for game day performance. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 913-920, 2017-"Priming" or preactivation strategies performed in the hours leading into competition have been suggested to improve game day performance. Therefore, this study assessed the effectiveness of a resistance training priming activity on eliciting changes in lower- and upper-body power o...
2 CitationsSource
This study examined the delayed effects of a power type training session on explosive performance. Seventeen well-trained male power and team sport athletes (age: 22.7±5.5 y, height: 181±8 cm, body mass: 80.7±8.6 kg, body fat: 9.2±1.7 %, 1-RM half-squat: 163±29 kg) performed four sessions (2 experimental and 2 control) one week apart in a randomized and counterbalanced order. Explosive performance was assessed before, 24 and 48 h following a low-volume, power-type training session (5 x 4 jump sq...
3 CitationsSource
#1Mark Russell (Northumbria University)H-Index: 18
#2Aden King (Swansea University)H-Index: 1
Last. Liam P. Kilduff (Swansea University)H-Index: 31
view all 6 authors...
Purpose:To assess the effects of different modes of morning (AM) exercise on afternoon (PM) performance and salivary hormone responses in professional rugby union players. Methods:On 4 occasions (randomized, crossover design), 15 professional rugby players provided AM (~8 AM) and PM (~2 PM) saliva samples before PM assessments of countermovement-jump height, reaction time, and repeated-sprint ability. Control (passive rest), weights (bench press: 5 × 10 repetitions, 75% 1-repetition maximum, 90-...
6 CitationsSource
#1Blair T. Crewther (Imperial College London)H-Index: 23
#2Jamie S. Carruthers (Qatar Airways)H-Index: 2
Last. Christian J. Cook (Swansea University)H-Index: 35
view all 5 authors...
To advance our understanding of the hormonal contribution to athletic performance, we examined the temporal associations between individual changes in testosterone (T) and/or cortisol (C) concentrations, training motivation and physical performance in elite and non-elite trained men. Two male cohorts classified as elites (n = 12) and non-elites (n = 12) completed five testing sessions over a six-week period. The athletes were tested for salivary T, C, T/C ratio, self-perceived training motivatio...
6 CitationsSource
There is a great deal of research on the responses to resistance training; however, information on the responses to strength and power training conducted by elite strength and power athletes is sparse. Purpose: To establish the acute and 24-h neuromuscular and kinematic responses to Olympic-style barbell strength and power exercise in elite athletes. Methods: Ten elite track and field athletes completed a series of 3 back-squat exercises each consisting of 4 × 5 repetitions. These were done as e...
7 CitationsSource
#1Timothy J. Suchomel (East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 13
#2Sophia Nimphius (ECU: Edith Cowan University)H-Index: 19
Last. Michael H. Stone (ETSU: East Tennessee State University)H-Index: 52
view all 3 authors...
This review discusses previous literature that has examined the influence of muscular strength on various factors associated with athletic performance and the benefits of achieving greater muscular strength. Greater muscular strength is strongly associated with improved force-time characteristics that contribute to an athlete’s overall performance. Much research supports the notion that greater muscular strength can enhance the ability to perform general sport skills such as jumping, sprinting, ...
100 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
The purpose of this study was to determine a performance-enhancing effect of post-activation potentiation (PAP) stimulus on climbing-specific upper body power exercises, measured by the IRCRA Power Slap test on a campus board. Two groups of climbers performed the test under one of two conditions: without initial pre-loading (control group) or after 5RM (repetition maximum) pull-ups (PAP group). The test was performed at four time points: at baseline (PRE) and after 4 (POST4), 6 (POST6), and 8 (P...
Source
#1Peter W. Harrison (Queensland Academy of Sport)H-Index: 2
#2Lachlan P. James (La Trobe University)H-Index: 8
Last. Vincent G. Kelly (QUT: Queensland University of Technology)H-Index: 10
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Objectives Recent research has revealed that low volume resistance ‘priming’ exercise may improve neuromuscular performance when completed within 48 hours before competition. The aim of this study was to investigate the current prevalence and application of this strategy by practitioners in sport. Design This study surveyed practitioners who were currently programming and/or prescribing resistance training programs for high performance athletes. Methods Sixty-nine practitioners complete...
Source
#2Matt TabernerH-Index: 2
Last. Daniel D. CohenH-Index: 14
view all 5 authors...
The purpose of this study was to determine changes in two tests of lower limb isometric posterior chain force (IPC-F) following 90 min of match-play in elite youth soccer players and the interaction between relative strength and recovery profile. 14 players (age: 16 ± 2 years) performed 3 × 3 second IPC-F tests unilaterally at 30° and 90° of knee and hip flexion pre- and post-match, +24 h, +48 h, and +72 h post-match. Peak force was recorded for both limbs, combined and expressed relative to bod...
Source