Veterinary nursing of a dyspnoeic juvenile Humboldt penguin Spheniscus humboldti

Published on Jul 3, 2019in Veterinary Nursing Journal
· DOI :10.1080/17415349.2019.1612299
AbstractA Humboldt penguin chick presented with dyspnoea. Radiographs showed opacities on the lungs and radio-opaque material within the ventriculus. A ventriculotomy was performed to remove the opacities (which were pebbles) and nutritional, medical and supportive nursing care was provided. Despite recovering well, the chick presented dyspnoeic again a few weeks later. With diagnostic testing indicative of chronic aspergillosis, the chick was given a poor prognosis, and the decision was made to euthanise. This case study highlights the nursing steps taken and the possible mitigations that could be applied in the future to improve outcomes.
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Published on Sep 1, 2016in Zoo Biology1.15
Andrew R. Marshall25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Ebor: University of York),
Nicolas J. Deere4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UKC: University of Kent)
+ 3 AuthorsStacey Mayer-Clarke1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ebor: University of York)
Multi-zoo comparisons of animal welfare are rare, and yet vital for ensuring continued improvement of zoo enclosures and husbandry. Methods are not standardized for the development of zoo enclosures based on multiple indicators, and case study species are required. This study compares behavior and breeding success to various enclosure and husbandry parameters for the Humboldt penguin, Spheniscus humboldti, for the development of improved enclosure design. Behavioral sampling was completed at Fla...
Published on Jul 25, 2014
Daniel M. Mulcahy23
Estimated H-index: 23
Gary West11
Estimated H-index: 11
(OSU: Oklahoma State University–Stillwater)
+ 1 AuthorsNigel Caulkett8
Estimated H-index: 8
(U of C: University of Calgary)
Ben E de Pauw1
Estimated H-index: 1
Yeasts and moulds now rank amongst the 10 most frequently isolated pathogens in febrile patients with an impaired immune system. Fungi are mainly opportunistic pathogens that only invade the body if a severely weakened natural defense permits them to do so. Most factors facilitating an invasive fungal infection are unavoidable because they are directly connected to the underlying diseases as well as to their treatment. Modern aggressive treatment modalities jeopardize the defense mechanisms to a...
Published on Oct 1, 2010in Avian Pathology1.96
Lies Beernaert8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UGent: Ghent University),
Frank Pasmans48
Estimated H-index: 48
(UGent: Ghent University)
+ 2 AuthorsA. Martel38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UGent: Ghent University)
Aspergillosis is an infectious, non-contagious fungal disease caused by species in the ubiquitous opportunistic saprophytic genus Aspergillus, in particular Aspergillus fumigatus. This mycosis was described many years ago, but continues to be a major cause of mortality in captive birds and, less frequently, in free-living birds. Although aspergillosis is predominantly a disease of the respiratory tract, all organs can be involved, leading to a variety of manifestations ranging from acute to chro...
Published on Sep 1, 2009in Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine0.52
Elizabeth M. Bunting3
Estimated H-index: 3
Noha Abou Madi1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 3 AuthorsGeorge V. Kollias20
Estimated H-index: 20
Aspergillus spp. fungal infections are the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in captive penguins. Itraconazole has been the drug of choice for both therapeutic and prophylactic treatment; however, the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters can be highly variable in different species, and it has not been evaluated in penguins. In this study, four preliminary steady-state trials were performed to compare two oral formulations of itraconazole (commercial capsules compared with ge...
Published on Sep 1, 2007in Brazilian Journal of Microbiology2.86
Melissa Orzechowski Xavier14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UFPEL: Universidade Federal de Pelotas),
Mauro Pereira Soares12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UFPEL: Universidade Federal de Pelotas)
+ 4 AuthorsMário Carlos Araújo Meireles15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UFPEL: Universidade Federal de Pelotas)
The article describes the epidemiology, macroscopic and histological lesions as well as the isolation of Aspergillus flavus and A. fumigatus from Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) during recovery in the Center for Recovery of Marine Animals (CRAM - 32oS/52oW), over a period of two years. From January 2004 to December 2005 the Center received 52 Magellanic penguins, and 23% (12/52) died. Necropsies were performed and tissue samples were collected for histological and microbiological e...
Published on Dec 1, 2006in Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery0.57
Sue Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Dec 1, 2001in Zoo Biology1.15
Nicola Blay1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UEA: University of East Anglia),
Isabelle M. Côté47
Estimated H-index: 47
(UEA: University of East Anglia)
We surveyed 16 British zoos and bird gardens to assess the optimal conditions for breeding of captive Humboldt penguins (Spheniscus humboldti). We obtained information on population, enclosure, and husbandry characteristics and related these variables to three measures of per capita breeding success, namely, per capita egg productivity, chick productivity, and hatching success (measured as the proportion of eggs laid that hatched). All three fitness measures increased with an increasing number o...
Published on Jan 1, 1978
Murray E. Fowler13
Estimated H-index: 13
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