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Benefits to low-input agriculture

Published on Jun 17, 2019in Nature plants 13.30
· DOI :10.1038/s41477-019-0462-4
Matthew P. Reynolds61
Estimated H-index: 61
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center),
Hans J. Braun8
Estimated H-index: 8
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
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Abstract
A comprehensive analysis of genetic gains in winter wheat, spanning 50 years of breeding and conducted under a wide range of cropping systems, validates the inherent efficiency of breeding for optimal environments.
  • References (8)
  • Citations (0)
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References8
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Published on Jun 17, 2019in Nature plants 13.30
Kai P. Voss-Fels6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Andreas Stahl6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Giessen)
+ 18 AuthorsMirza Majid Baig (University of Bonn)
The world cropping area for wheat exceeds that of any other crop, and high grain yields in intensive wheat cropping systems are essential for global food security. Breeding has raised yields dramatically in high-input production systems; however, selection under optimal growth conditions is widely believed to diminish the adaptive capacity of cultivars to less optimal cropping environments. Here, we demonstrate, in a large-scale study spanning five decades of wheat breeding progress in western E...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 4.19
Tesfaye Shiferaw Sida2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center),
Frédéric Baudron15
Estimated H-index: 15
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
+ 1 AuthorsK.E. Giller74
Estimated H-index: 74
(WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)
Faidherbia albida parklands cover a large area of the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Africa, a region that suffers from soil fertility decline, food insecurity and climate change. The parklands deliver multiple benefits, including fuelwood, soil nutrient replenishment, moisture conservation, and improved crop yield underneath the canopy. Its microclimate modification may provide an affordable climate adaptation strategy which needs to be explored. We carried out an on-farm experiment for three consecut...
Published on Jul 28, 2017in Science 41.04
Matthew P. Reynolds61
Estimated H-index: 61
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center),
H. J. Braun24
Estimated H-index: 24
(CIMMYT: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center)
+ 16 AuthorsH. Lucas1
Estimated H-index: 1
In recent decades, the scientific, development, and farm communities have contributed to substantial gains in crop productivity, including in many less developed countries (LDCs) ( 1 ), yet current yield trends and agri-food systems are inadequate to match projected demand ( 2 ). Addressing transnational crop challenges will require refinement of research infrastructure and better leverage of global expertise and technologies. Drawing on lessons learned from international collaboration in wheat,...
Published on Oct 1, 2014in Field Crops Research 3.87
J.R. Witcombe29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Bangor University),
J. P. Yadavendra2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract A strong case has been made in many publications for the adoption of highly client-oriented breeding (COB) since a greater role for farmers and clients can help produce and popularise varieties that better meet demands. Participatory varietal selection (PVS) – the testing of a diverse range of new varieties on farm by farmers – is an essential component of COB and has been broadly accepted. However, on the basis of published evidence, other aspects of COB have not been mainstreamed in n...
Published on Aug 18, 2008
F. H. King3
Estimated H-index: 3
Prabhu Pingali40
Estimated H-index: 40
(BMGF: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation)
A detailed retrospective of the Green Revolution, its achievement and limits in terms of agricultural productivity improvement, and its broader impact at social, environmental, and economic levels is provided. Lessons learned and the strategic insights are reviewed as the world is preparing a “redux” version of the Green Revolution with more integrative environmental and social impact combined with agricultural and economic development. Core policy directions for Green Revolution 2.0 that enhanc...
Published on Sep 1, 2004in Weed Science 2.00
S. R. Moss25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Rothamsted Research),
Jonathan Storkey21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Rothamsted Research)
+ 2 AuthorsMichael V. Hewitt1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Rothamsted Research)
Abstract The Broadbalk experiment was started in 1843 to investigate the relative importance of different plant nutrients (N, P, K, Na, Mg) on grain yield of winter wheat. Weeds were controlled initially by hand hoeing and fallowing, but since 1964, herbicides have been applied to the whole experiment with the exception of the 18 plots on Section 8. Approximately 130 weed species have been recorded on Broadbalk and about 30 of these are currently recorded annually on Section 8. Detailed weed sur...
Published on Jan 1, 1998in Crop Science 1.64
K.D. Sayre29
Estimated H-index: 29
,
Ravi P. Singh61
Estimated H-index: 61
+ 1 AuthorsS. Rajaram38
Estimated H-index: 38
Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia recondita Roberge ex Desmaz., is an important disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) worldwide. To estimate the genetic progress in reducing grain yield losses through breeding for resistance to leaf rust, replicated trials including 15 popular CIMMYT germplasm-derived wheat cultivars released between 1966 and 1988 in northwestern Mexico were sown in that same area; normal and late planting dates were used for four and two seasons, respectively. Leaf rust epidemics...
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