Heparin-poloxamer hydrogel–encapsulated rhFGF21 enhances wound healing in diabetic mice
Wound healing, especially for diabetic wounds, is a lengthy and complicated process involving interactions and responses at the protein, cell, and tissue levels. Loading of growth factors into a hydrogel to construct a sustained-release system is considered a promising approach to improve wound healing. The present study investigates the effect of thermosensitive heparin-poloxamer (HP) hydrogel–encapsulated recombinant human fibroblast growth factor 21 (rhFGF21) on wound healing in mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus. First, we studied the in vitro release of rhFGF21 from the rhFGF21-HP coacervate. The results showed that HP might control the release of rhFGF21. Next, we examined the effect of rhFGF21-HP on skin wound healing in diabetic mice. Our data showed that rhFGF21-HP significantly improved wound closure; promoted granulation, collagen deposition, and re-epithelialization; and enhanced the expression of CD31. Moreover, rhFGF21-HP had obvious advantages in diabetic wound healing. Ther...