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Ion charge separation with new generation of nuclear emulsion films

Published on May 28, 2019in Central European Journal of Physics
路 DOI :10.1515/phys-2019-0024
Maria Cristina Montesi21
Estimated H-index: 21
,
Adele Lauria20
Estimated H-index: 20
+ 97 AuthorsG. De Lellis23
Estimated H-index: 23
Abstract
  • References (15)
  • Citations (0)
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References15
Newest
#1Matteo Morrocchi (INFN: Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare)H-Index: 10
#2Esther Ciarrocchi (UniPi: University of Pisa)H-Index: 4
Last. Maria Giuseppina Bisogni (UniPi: University of Pisa)H-Index: 18
view all 95 authors...
Abstract This paper describes the development and characterization of a 螖 E-TOF detector composed of a plastic scintillator bar coupled at both ends to silicon photomultipliers. This detector is a prototype of a larger version which will be used in the FOOT (FragmentatiOn Of Target) experiment to identify the fragments produced by ion beams accelerated onto a hydrogen-enriched target. The final 螖 E-TOF detector will be composed of two layers of plastic scintillator bars with orthogonal orientati...
1 CitationsSource
Abstract As proton therapy is becoming an established treatment methodology for cancer patients, the number of proton centres is gradually growing worldwide. The economical effort for building these facilities is motivated by the clinical aspects, but might be also supported by the potential relevance for the research community. Experiments with high-energy protons are needed not only for medical physics applications, but represent also an essential part of activities dedicated to detector devel...
11 CitationsSource
#1A. AlexandrovH-Index: 6
#2G. De LellisH-Index: 23
Last. V. TioukovH-Index: 22
view all 9 authors...
1 CitationsSource
#1Andrey Alexandrov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2A. BuonauraH-Index: 11
Last. Elena Voevodina (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
view all 13 authors...
In the present paper we report the development of the Continuous Motion scanning technique and its implementation for a new generation of scanning systems. The same hardware setup has demonstrated a significant boost in the scanning speed, reaching 190 cm2/h. The implementation of the Continuous Motion technique in the LASSO framework, as well as a number of new corrections introduced are described in details. The performance of the system, the results of an efficiency measurement and potential ...
5 CitationsSource
#1M. Dawson (University of Oxford)H-Index: 1
#2G. Doucas (University of Oxford)H-Index: 20
Last. C. Perry (University of Oxford)H-Index: 1
view all 8 authors...
The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory experiment was built to measure the total flux of 8B solar neutrinos via the neutral current disintegration deuterium nuclei. This process can be mimiced by daughter isotopes of 232Th and 238U which can photodisintegrate the deuterium nucleus. Measurement of the concentration of such radioisotopes in the heavy water was critical to the success of the experiment. A radium assay technique using Hydrous Titanium Oxide coated filters was developed for this purpose an...
1 CitationsSource
#1Andrey Alexandrov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2A. BuonauraH-Index: 11
Last. M. Vladymyrov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
view all 11 authors...
The development of automatic scanning systems was a fundamental issue for large scale neutrino detectors exploiting nuclear emulsions as particle trackers. Such systems speed up significantly the event analysis in emulsion, allowing the feasibility of experiments with unprecedented statistics. In the early 1990s, R&D programs were carried out by Japanese and European laboratories leading to automatic scanning systems more and more efficient. The recent progress in the technology of digital signa...
13 CitationsSource
#1Andrey Alexandrov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2A. BuonauraH-Index: 11
Last. M. Vladymyrov (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 5
view all 14 authors...
Nuclear emulsions have been widely used in particle physics to identify new particles through the observation of their decays thanks to their unique spatial resolution. Nevertheless, before the advent of automatic scanning systems, the emulsion analysis was very demanding in terms of well trained manpower. Due to this reason, they were gradually replaced by electronic detectors, until the '90s, when automatic microscopes started to be developed in Japan and in Europe. Automatic scanning was esse...
13 CitationsSource
Nuclear emulsion films are a tracking device with unique space resolution. Their use in nowadays large-scale experiments relies on the availability of automated microscope operating at very high speed. In this paper we describe the features and the latest improvements of the European Scanning System, a last-generation automated microscope for emulsion scanning. In particular, we present a new method for the recovery of tracking inefficiencies. Stacks of double coated emulsion films have been exp...
2 CitationsSource
Proton therapy treatments are based on a proton RBE (relative biological effectiveness) relative to high-energy photons of 1.1. The use of this generic, spatially invariant RBE within tumors and normal tissues disregards the evidence that proton RBE varies with linear energy transfer (LET), physiological and biological factors, and clinical endpoint.Based on the available experimental data from published literature, this review analyzes relationships of RBE with dose, biological endpoint and phy...
259 CitationsSource
#1G. De LellisH-Index: 23
#2S. BuontempoH-Index: 27
Last. Naotaka Naganawa (Nagoya University)H-Index: 20
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Abstract The increasing use of Carbon nuclei in cancer therapy centres is motivated by their potential advantages as a very precise high LET radiation. The knowledge of the fragmentation of Carbon nuclei when they interact with the human body is important to evaluate the spatial profile of their energy deposition in the tissues, hence the damage to the tissues neighbouring the tumour. We report here a study of the fragmentation with the nuclear emulsion experimental technique. We have designed, ...
13 CitationsSource
Cited By0
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#1L. Galli (INFN: Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare)H-Index: 2
#2A.C. Kraan (INFN: Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare)H-Index: 4
Last. Maria Giuseppina Bisogni (UniPi: University of Pisa)H-Index: 18
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Abstract Nuclear physics processes are an important source of uncertainty in dose calculations in particle therapy and radioprotection in space. Accurate cross section measurements are a crucial ingredient in improving the understanding of these processes. The FOOT (FragmentatiOn Of Target) experiment aims at measuring the production cross sections of fragments for energies, beams and targets that are relevant in particle therapy and radioprotection in space. An experimental apparatus composed o...
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