Sport Participation Among Individuals With Adverse Childhood Experiences-Leveling the Playing Field.

Published on Jul 1, 2019in JAMA Pediatrics12.004
· DOI :10.1001/JAMAPEDIATRICS.2019.1209
Amanda E. Paluch2
Estimated H-index: 2
(NU: Northwestern University),
Nia Heard-Garris4
Estimated H-index: 4
(NU: Northwestern University),
Mercedes R. Carnethon59
Estimated H-index: 59
(NU: Northwestern University)
  • References (10)
  • Citations (0)
#1Molly C. Easterlin (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 2
#2Paul J. ChungH-Index: 27
Last. Rebecca N. Dudovitz (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 10
view all 4 authors...
Importance Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with long-term poor mental health. Less is known about factors that improve long-term mental health among those with ACEs. Objective To evaluate, among those exposed to ACEs, whether team sports participation during adolescence is associated with better mental health in adulthood and whether the association between team sports participation and mental health varies by sex. Design, Setting, and Participants This study used data from 9...
11 CitationsSource
#1Nia Heard-GarrisH-Index: 4
Last. Matthew M. DavisH-Index: 52
view all 7 authors...
OBJECTIVES: To determine if longitudinal associations exist between parental incarceration (PI) and health care use or health behaviors among a national sample of young adults. METHODS: We used the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health to examine associations between history of mother incarceration (MI) and father incarceration (FI), health care use, and 3 dimensions of health behaviors (eg, general health behaviors, substance use, and other risky behaviors) (N = 13 084). Mu...
8 CitationsSource
#1Nia Heard-GarrisH-Index: 4
#2Matthew M. Davis (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 52
Last. Kristin Kan (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 3
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Background Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) negatively impact health throughout the life course. For children exposed to ACEs, resilience may be particularly important. However, the literature regarding resilience, particularly the self-regulation aspect of resilience, is not often described in children with ACEs. Additionally, family and community factors that might help promote resilience in childhood may be further elucidated. We aimed to describe the relationship between ACEs and parent-...
4 CitationsSource
#1Rachel McMillan (Queen's University)H-Index: 2
#2Michael A. McIsaac (Queen's University)H-Index: 5
Last. JanssenIan (Queen's University)H-Index: 2
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Organized sport is one way that youth participate in physical activity. There are disparities in organized sport participation by family-related factors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether non-traditional family structure and physical custody arrangements are associated with organized sport participation in youth, and if so whether this relationship is mediated by socioeconomic status. Data were from the 2009–10 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey, a nationally repres...
19 CitationsSource
#1Rochelle Eime (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 25
#2Janet Young (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 7
Last. Warren Payne (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 29
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Background: There are specific guidelines regarding the level of physical activity (PA) required to provide health benefits. However, the research underpinning these PA guidelines does not address the element of social health. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence about the levels or types of PA associated specifically with psychological health. This paper first presents the results of a systematic review of the psychological and social health benefits of participation in sport by children...
525 CitationsSource
#1Matthew Y. W. Kwan (McMaster University)H-Index: 18
#2John Cairney (McMaster University)H-Index: 59
Last. Eleanor E. Pullenayegum (McMaster University)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Background Research consistently demonstrates that physical activity declines with age. However, such declines do not occur linearly. The transition into early adulthood is one period in which disproportionate declines in physical activity have been evident, but much of our understanding of such declines among young adults has been based on either cross-sectional data or prospective studies that focus exclusively on college/university students. Purpose The purpose of the current study was to use...
172 CitationsSource
#1Jean-Pierre Lépine (Paris Diderot University)H-Index: 36
Last. Mike BrileyH-Index: 26
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Recent epidemiological surveys conducted in general populations have found that the lifetime prevalence of depression is in the range of 10% to 15%. Mood disorders, as defined by the World Mental Health and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, have a 12-month prevalence which varies from 3% in Japan to over 9% in the US. A recent American survey found the prevalence of current depression to be 9% and the rate of current major depression to be 3.4%. All studies ...
460 CitationsSource
#1Claudia K. Fox (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 13
#2Daheia J. Barr-Anderson (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 19
Last. Melanie M. Wall (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 65
view all 4 authors...
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that higher physical activity levels are associated with greater academic achievement among students. However, it remains unclear whether associations are due to the physical activity itself or sports team participation, which may involve requirements for maintaining certain grades, for example. The purpose of this study is to examine the associations between sports team participation, physical activity, and academic outcomes in middle and high school stud...
155 CitationsSource
#1Latetia V. Moore (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 19
#2Ana V. Diez-Roux (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 38
Last. Shannon J. Brines (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 16
view all 5 authors...
Background Differences in availability of recreational resources may contribute to racial and socioeconomic status (SES) disparities in physical activity. Variations in the location and density of recreational resources were examined by SES and racial composition of neighborhoods. Methods Densities of resources available in recreational facilities and parks were estimated for census tracts between April 2003 and June 2004 in North Carolina, New York, and Maryland using kernel estimation. The pro...
323 CitationsSource
#1Vincent J. Felitti (KP: Kaiser Permanente)H-Index: 58
#2Robert F. Anda (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 71
Last. James S. Marks (CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 45
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Results: More than half of respondents reported at least one, and one-fourth reported $2 categories of childhood exposures. We found a graded relationship between the number of categories of childhood exposure and each of the adult health risk behaviors and diseases that were studied (P , .001). Persons who had experienced four or more categories of childhood exposure, compared to those who had experienced none, had 4to 12-fold increased health risks for alcoholism, drug abuse, depression, and s...
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