Diversity and Medicinal Value of Mushrooms from the Himalayan Region, India
Published on Jan 1, 2019
· DOI :10.1007/978-981-13-6382-5_15
Mushrooms being considered as ‘elixir of life’ are valued for their culinary and therapeutic purpose throughout the world. They are widely appreciated as human food for centuries and represent an untapped reservoir of bioactive metabolites. This chapter gives a comprehensive overview on the diversity and indigenous knowledge of wild and cultivated mushrooms in Himalayan region of India. The diverse topographical features and altitudinal variation in Himalayan region of India favours luxuriant biodiversity, assemblage and distribution of macrofungi. The Himalayan belt of India encompasses north western region including the states Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and north eastern region including Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal and Assam. The accumulated knowledge summarised in this chapter also focuses on the therapeutic benefits of mushroom related to their biological activity. The present study will serve as a foundation for further research on the exploration and utilisation of mushrooms in India.