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Maximal heart rate assessment in recreational football players: A study involving a multiple testing approach

Published on Oct 1, 2019in Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports3.631
· DOI :10.1111/sms.13472
Susana Póvoas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(ISMAI),
Peter Krustrup60
Estimated H-index: 60
(University of Southern Denmark)
+ 4 AuthorsCarlo Castagna48
Estimated H-index: 48
Abstract
: This study aimed at examining the suitability of a standard treadmill test (TT), popular intermittent field tests, and small-sided football matches to induce maximal heart rate (HRmax ) in recreational football players. Sixty-six inactive untrained male subjects (age: 39.3 ± 5.8 years, VO2max : 41.2 ± 6.2 mL kg-1  min-1 , body mass: 81.9 ± 10.8 kg, height: 173.2 ± 6.4 cm) were evaluated. On separate occasions, the players were randomly submitted to a progressive VO2max TT, to the Yo-Yo intermittent endurance level 1 (YYIE1) and level 2 (YYIE2) tests, to the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 (YYIR1) test, and to 7v7 (43 × 27 m pitch, 83 m2 /player) football matches (45 minutes; 2-4 matches/player). To ensure data consistency, exercise HR was recorded using the same HR monitors in all the experimental conditions. A total of 73%, 24%, 18%, 17%, and 30% of the players achieved their HRmax during the YYIE1, YYIE2, YYIR1, TT, and the small-sided football matches, respectively. The probability of achieving HRmax increased proportionally to test duration, with 7.8 minutes as the cutoff time. Variations in HRpeak of ±2 b min-1 should be regarded as of practical relevance. YYIE1 HRpeak provided the most accurate estimation of a subject's individual HRmax and much higher probability of reaching HRmax . Nevertheless, the results of this study suggest caution in considering a reference test for HRmax assessment in this population. The use of confirmation tests is still highly advisable when the test duration is shorter than 7.8 minutes. In this regard, field tests seem to be suitable and accurate for individual HRmax assessment in recreational football players.
  • References (25)
  • Citations (0)
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References25
Newest
#1Carlo Castagna (University of Rome Tor Vergata)H-Index: 48
#2Peter KrustrupH-Index: 60
Last. Susana Póvoas (ISMAI)H-Index: 8
view all 6 authors...
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and the association with relevant match activities (ecological validity) of an age-adapted field test for intermittent high-intensity endurance known as Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 children test (YYIR1C) in young male soccer pl
2 CitationsSource
Purpose:To examine the effect of recall timing on training-session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) in a population of athletes well familiarized with the method and procedures during a 5-d training microcycle. Methods:Fifty-one top-class field referees (FRs) (age 38.4 ± 3.3 y, height 181 ± 5.6 cm, body mass 76.8 ± 6.8 kg, body-mass index 23.4 ± 1.7 kg/m2, body fat 20.4% ± 3.6%, international refereeing experience 5 ± 3.5 y) from 43 national football associations worldwide, preselected by the...
2 CitationsSource
#1Susana PóvoasH-Index: 8
#2Carlo CastagnaH-Index: 48
Last. Peter Krustrup (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 60
view all 7 authors...
Purpose: The reliability and construct validity of three age-adapted-intensity Yo-Yo tests were evaluated in untrained (n = 67) vs. soccer-trained (n = 65) 9- to 16-year-old schoolgirls. Methods: Tests were performed 7 days apart for reliability (9- to 11-year-old: Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 children’s test; 12- to 13-yearold: Yo-Yo intermittent endurance level 1; and 14- to 16-year-old: Yo-Yo intermittent endurance level 2). Results: Yo-Yo distance covered was 40% (776 ± 324 vs. 556 ± ...
12 CitationsSource
Purpose: To investigate the sensitivity of differential ratings of perceived exertion (dRPE) as measures of internal load. Methods: Twenty-two male university soccer players performed 2 maximal incremental-exercise protocols (cycle, treadmill) on separate days. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), maximal heart rate (HRmax), peak blood lactate concentration (B[La]peak), and the preprotocol-to-postprotocol change in countermovement-jump height (ΔCMJH) were measured for each protocol. Players provided ...
12 CitationsSource
#1Zoran Milanović (University of Niš)H-Index: 12
#2Saša Pantelić (University of Niš)H-Index: 7
Last. Peter Krustrup (University of Exeter)H-Index: 60
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Background Soccer is the most popular sport worldwide, with a long history and currently more than 500 million active participants, of whom 300 million are registered football club members. On the basis of scientific findings showing positive fitness and health effects of recreational soccer, FIFA (Federation Internationale de Football Association) introduced the slogan “Playing football for 45 min twice a week—best prevention of non-communicable diseases” in 2010.
32 CitationsSource
#1Peter Krustrup (University of Exeter)H-Index: 60
#2Paul S. Bradley (University of Sunderland)H-Index: 22
Last. Jens Bangsbo (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 72
view all 9 authors...
PURPOSE: To examine the physical capacity and physiological response to the Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance level 2 test (IE2) for untrained individuals and trained male soccer players, and to investigate the determinants of intense intermittent exercise performance. METHODS: Thirty-four healthy untrained males (UTR) and fifteen age-matched trained soccer players (TR) performed a maximal incremental treadmill test (ITT) and a Yo-Yo IE2 test. Muscle biopsies and blood samples were obtained and HR we...
10 CitationsSource
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of individual training loads considered as permanent in selected heart-rate (HR) zones on aerobic fitness and performance in elite professional soccer players. Eighteen professional soccer players were observed during the prechampionship training period (8 weeks). Speeds and HR at 2 and 4 mmol[middle dot]L-1 blood-lactate concentrations (S2, S4, respectively), V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 performance (Y...
36 CitationsSource
SUMMARYThe purpose of this Position Stand is to provide guidance to professionals who counsel and prescribe individualized exercise to apparently healthy adults of all ages. These recommendations also may apply to adults with certain chronic diseases or disabilities, when appropriately evaluated and
953 CitationsSource
#1Carlo Castagna (University of Rome Tor Vergata)H-Index: 48
Last. Vincenzo ManziH-Index: 18
view all 5 authors...
The aim of this article was to quantify the distribution of training intensities and its effect on aerobic fitness in professional elite soccer players. Fourteen professional soccer players were observed during the prechampionship training period (6 weeks). Treadmill running speed and heart rates (HRs) at 2 and 4 mmol·L-1 blood-lactate concentrations were assessed pre and posttraining. Training intensities were categorized using 3 HR zones: low intensity ( HR 4 mmol·L-1). Analysis of the 504 ind...
53 CitationsSource
#1Peter Krustrup (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 60
#2Jens Jung Nielsen (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 26
Last. Jens Bangsbo (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 72
view all 10 authors...
To examine the effects of regular participation in recreational soccer on health profile, 36 healthy untrained Danish men aged 20–43 years were randomised into a soccer group (SO; n = 13), a running group (RU; n = 12) and a control group (CO; n = 11). Training was performed for 1 h two or three times per week for 12 weeks; at an average heart rate of 82% (SEM 2%) and 82% (1%) of HR max for SO and RU, respectively. During the 12 week period, maximal oxygen uptake increased (p
151 CitationsSource
Cited By0
Newest
#1Susana Póvoas (ISMAI)H-Index: 1
#2Peter Krustrup (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 60
Last. Carlo Castagna (University of Rome Tor Vergata)H-Index: 48
view all 3 authors...
Submaximal field tests are especially recommended when repeated testing is warranted. This study aimed at assessing the validity of the submaximal versions of the Yo-Yo intermittent tests in male recreational football players in untrained and trained status. The participants' (n = 66; age 39.3 +/- 5.8 years, VO2max 41.2 +/- 6.2 mL.kg(-1) .min(-1) , body mass 81.9 +/- 10.8 kg, height 173.2 +/- 6.4 cm) heart rate after 2 minutes (HR2min ) during the level 1 (YYIE1HR2min ) and 2 (YYIE2HR2min ) vers...
1 CitationsSource
#1Susana Póvoas (ISMAI)H-Index: 1
#1Susana Póvoas (ISMAI)H-Index: 8
Last. Carlo Castagna (University of Rome Tor Vergata)H-Index: 48
view all 3 authors...
PURPOSE: To examine the accuracy of practical indirect methods (i.e., recreational football match and estimation equations) in assessing individual maximal heart rate (HRmax) in recreational football players. Sixty-two untrained male participants engaged in a recreational football intervention (age 39.3 +/- 5.8 years, VO2max 41.2 +/- 6.2 ml.kg(-1).min(-1), body mass 81.9 +/- 10.8 kg, height 173.2 +/- 6.4 cm) were tested for HRmax using a multiple approach, at baseline and post-intervention (i.e....
Source
#1Carlo CastagnaH-Index: 48
#2Peter Krustrup (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 60
Last. Susana Póvoas (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Purpose To examine the suitability of three versions and two levels of the Yo-Yo intermittent tests for assessing and tracking aerobic fitness status development in male recreational football players. Sixty-six untrained participants (age 39 ± 6 years, VO2max 41.2 ± 6.2 ml kg−1 min−1, body mass 81.9 ± 10.8 kg, height 173.2 ± 6.4 cm) partook in a 12-week recreational football training program. They were evaluated during the Yo-Yo intermittent endurance level 1 (YYIE1) and 2 (YYIE2) tests and the ...
Source