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What is mental fatigue in elite sport? Perceptions from athletes and staff

Published on May 13, 2019in European Journal of Sport Science 2.38
· DOI :10.1080/17461391.2019.1618397
Suzanna Russell1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Queensland Academy of Sport),
David G. Jenkins45
Estimated H-index: 45
(UQ: University of Queensland)
+ 2 AuthorsVincent G. Kelly8
Estimated H-index: 8
(QUT: Queensland University of Technology)
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Abstract
AbstractMental fatigue is a psychobiological state caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity shown to negatively influence physical performance. Variation exists across the literature regarding the manifestations and impact of mental fatigue; with little knowledge of the domain-specific manifestations in elite sport. The difficulties in defining mental fatigue may explain why it is not consistently assessed by coaching or support staff. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate athlete and staff understandings of mental fatigue in elite sport. Nine focus group discussions were conducted involving a total of 32 athletes (n = 17) and staff (n = 15) from elite sporting organisations. Athletes and staff believe mental fatigue negatively impacts sporting performance. Analysis revealed perceived associations between mental fatigue and changes in behaviour including, disengagement, decreased motivation and enthusiasm, increased displays of emotion and withdrawal. Changes in concentrati...
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References35
Newest
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 3.62
Suzanna Russell1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Queensland Academy of Sport),
David G. Jenkins45
Estimated H-index: 45
(UQ: University of Queensland)
+ 2 AuthorsVincent G. Kelly8
Estimated H-index: 8
(QUT: Queensland University of Technology)
Mental fatigue resulting from prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity, has been found to impair endurance exercise performance and performance in some sport-specific tasks. The application of such research to the elite sporting environment however is limited. This article reviews the literature relevant to mental fatigue and team sporting performance with aim to provide perspectives on the transferability and significance of currently available evidence to the applied elite sporting co...
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Sports Medicine 7.58
Chris Thompson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Saarland University),
Job Fransen11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UTS: University of Technology, Sydney)
+ 4 AuthorsAaron J. Coutts47
Estimated H-index: 47
(UTS: University of Technology, Sydney)
Research in football for a long time has focused on the physical nature of fatigue as opposed to its mental aspects. However, since 2016, six original articles have investigated the effects of induced mental fatigue in football on isolated physical, skill and decision-making performance tests, along with physical, technical and tactical performance outcomes in small-sided games. Whilst these studies have overall shown a negative impact of mental fatigue on task performance, this current opinion ...
Published on Sep 2, 2018in Journal of Sports Sciences 2.81
Louise Davis4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Umeå University),
Ralph Appleby1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Northumbria University)
+ 2 AuthorsHenrick Gustafsson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Karlstad University)
ABSTRACTThe present study aimed to examine associations between the quality of the coach-athlete relationship and athlete exhaustion by assessing physiological and cognitive consequences. Male and female athletes (N = 82) representing seven teams across four different sports, participated in a quasi-experimental study measuring physical performance on a 5-meter multiple shuttle test, followed by a Stroop test to assess cognitive performance. Participants provided saliva samples measuring cortiso...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Sports Medicine 7.58
Kristy Martin5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UC: University of Canberra),
Romain Meeusen53
Estimated H-index: 53
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
+ 2 AuthorsBen Rattray13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UC: University of Canberra)
Mental fatigue reflects a change in psychobiological state, caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity. It has been well documented that mental fatigue impairs cognitive performance; however, more recently, it has been demonstrated that endurance performance is also impaired by mental fatigue. The mechanism behind the detrimental effect of mental fatigue on endurance performance is poorly understood. Variables traditionally believed to limit endurance performance, such as heart ...
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Sports Medicine 7.58
Mitchell R. Smith5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Newcastle),
Chris Thompson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Saarland University)
+ 3 AuthorsAaron J. Coutts47
Estimated H-index: 47
(UTS: University of Technology, Sydney)
Fatigue is a complex state with multiple physiological and psychological origins. However, fatigue in soccer has traditionally been investigated from a physiological perspective, with little emphasis on the cognitive demands of competition. These cognitive demands may induce mental fatigue, which could contribute to the fatigue-related performance decrements observed during and after soccer matches. Recent research investigating the relationship between mental fatigue and soccer-specific perform...
Published on Mar 16, 2018in Frontiers in Physiology 3.20
Flávio de Oliveira Pires7
Estimated H-index: 7
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Fernando L. Silva-Júnior3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Universal Forest Products)
+ 5 AuthorsTony Meireles Santos3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USP: University of São Paulo)
Purpose: We sought to verify if alterations in prefrontal cortex (PFC) activation and psychological responses would play along with impairments in pacing and performance of mentally fatigued cyclists. Material and Methods: Eight recreational cyclists performed two preliminary sessions to familiarize them with the rapid visual information processing (RVP) test, psychological scales and 20 km cycling time trial (TT20km) (session 1), as well as to perform a VO2MAX test (session 2). Thereafter, they...
Published on Feb 12, 2018
Steve Barrett1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Shaun J. McLaren4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 2 AuthorsMatthew Weston22
Estimated H-index: 22
(1) Background: Differential RPE (dRPE) separates scores for breathlessness (RPE-B), leg muscle exertion (RPE-L) and technical/cognitive exertion (RPE-T). Limited information for dRPE is available in soccer match play, yet these measurements may help inform practitioners training and recovery strategies. This preliminary study investigated the effects of playing position and contextual factors on elite soccer players’ dRPE. (2) Methods: Thirty-two male English Premier League players recorded dRP...
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Journal of Sports Sciences 2.81
Sam Robertson13
Estimated H-index: 13
(VU: Victoria University, Australia),
David Joyce2
Estimated H-index: 2
ABSTRACTThe planned peaking for matches or events of perceived greatest priority or difficulty throughout a competitive season is commonplace in high-level team sports. Despite this prevalence in the field, little research exists on the practice. This study aimed to provide a framework for strategic periodisation which team sport organisations can use to evaluate the efficacy of such plans. Data relating to factors potentially influencing the difficulty of matches were obtained for games played ...
Susan Vrijkotte3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Romain Meeusen53
Estimated H-index: 53
+ 4 AuthorsBart Roelands25
Estimated H-index: 25
Purpose: The 2-bout exercise protocol has been developed to diagnose nonfunctional overreaching and the “overtraining syndrome.” It consists of 2 maximal exercise bouts separated by 4 hours. Mental fatigue negatively influences performance, but the effects of its occurrence during the 2-bout exercise protocol have never been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine whether mental fatigue (induced during the rest period) influences physical and cognitive performance during/after the sec...
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Sports Medicine 7.58
Jeroen Van Cutsem5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel),
Samuele Maria Marcora31
Estimated H-index: 31
+ 3 AuthorsBart Roelands25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
Background Mental fatigue is a psychobiological state caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity. It has recently been suggested that mental fatigue can affect physical performance.
Cited By0
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Published in Pharmacological Research 5.57
Chuan-Hong Luo (Ministry of Science and Technology), Xiao-Rong Xu (Ministry of Science and Technology)+ -3 AuthorsDingkun Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ministry of Science and Technology)
Abstract It is a common phenomenon that people are in a sub-health condition and facing “unexplained fatigue”, which seriously affects their health, work efficiency and quality of life. Meanwhile, fatigue is also a common symptom of many serious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, cancer, and schizophrenia. However, there are still no official recommendations for the treatment of various forms of fatigue. Some traditional natural medicines are often used as health care products, such as ginseng, Cordycep...