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Reactive and Regulatory Temperament: Longitudinal Associations with Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms through Childhood

Published on May 11, 2019in Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3.29
· DOI :10.1007/s10802-019-00555-0
Johanna Nielsen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(TU: Temple University),
Thomas M. Olino31
Estimated H-index: 31
(TU: Temple University)
+ 1 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Abstract
Previous studies of the relationship between temperament and psychopathology have been limited by focusing on main effects of temperament on psychopathology, reliance solely on maternal reports of child temperament, and predominately using cross-sectional designs. This study extended this work by focusing on interactions between reactive (positive emotionality/PE; negative emotionality/NE) and regulatory (effortful control) dimensions of temperament, using laboratory observations of temperament, and focusing on longitudinal prediction of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. 536 children (46.1% Female, 92.4% White) were followed in a prospective, longitudinal study of the relationship between temperament and psychopathology. Temperament was assessed using laboratory observations when children were at age 3. Mothers and fathers reported on internalizing and externalizing symptoms in their children at ages 3, 6, and 9. Multilevel modeling analyses examined associations between the interaction of temperament traits and patterns of change in internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Interactions between reactive PE traits (Sociability, Exuberance), but not NE traits (Dysphoria, Fear), and regulatory temperament (Disinhibition) were associated with the slope of maternal-reported internalizing and paternal-reported externalizing symptoms such that youth low in PE traits and high in effortful control experienced a greater decline in symptoms over time. In conclusion, among children with lower levels of PE traits, strong regulatory abilities are associated with greater reductions in internalizing and externalizing symptoms over time. These models highlight the complex interaction between reactive and regulatory temperament and expand current understanding of temperamental risk for psychopathology.
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Published on May 27, 2018
Kevin M. King23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Dale Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsSean Patrick Lane1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UW: University of Washington)
1 Citations
Maureen Zalewski14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UO: University of Oregon),
Stephanie F. Thompson6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UW: University of Washington),
Liliana J. Lengua38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UW: University of Washington)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether parenting moderated the association between maternal depressive symptoms and initial levels and growth of preadolescent internalizing and externalizing symptoms. This study used a community sample of preadolescent children (N = 214; 8–12 years old at Time 1), measuring maternal depressive symptoms and parenting at Time 1, and preadolescent internalizing and externalizing symptoms at each year for 3 years. After modeling latent growth curves of int...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3.29
Lauren D. Gulley7
Estimated H-index: 7
(DU: University of Denver),
Benjamin L. Hankin48
Estimated H-index: 48
(DU: University of Denver),
Jami F. Young20
Estimated H-index: 20
(RU: Rutgers University)
Theories of temperament suggest that individual differences in affective reactivity (e.g., negative affectivity) may confer risk for internalizing psychopathology in youth and that self-regulatory aspects of temperament (e.g., effortful control) may protect against the deleterious effects of high negative affective reactivity. However, no study to date has examined how the relationship between temperament and youth internalizing psychopathology may be moderated by stress. The current study used ...
20 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Journal of Attention Disorders 3.67
Izumi Okado2
Estimated H-index: 2
(U.H.: University of Hawaii at Manoa),
Charles W. Mueller7
Estimated H-index: 7
(U.H.: University of Hawaii at Manoa),
Brad J. Nakamura15
Estimated H-index: 15
(U.H.: University of Hawaii at Manoa)
Objective: To examine self-reported positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) among youth with ADHD (only and comorbid) and other non-ADHD-referred youth in an ethnically diverse clinical sample. Method: Semi-structured interviews identified 80 pure ADHD, 284 ADHD plus one or more comorbidities, and 730 non-ADHD youth (e.g., other diagnoses or no diagnosis). The Positive and Negative Affect Scale–Children (PANAS-C) was used to assess affective states. Results: Even after controlling for the ...
8 Citations Source Cite
Yuliya Kotelnikova5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UWO: University of Western Ontario),
Sarah V.M. Mackrell5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UWO: University of Western Ontario)
+ 1 AuthorsElizabeth P. Hayden3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UWO: University of Western Ontario)
Although a large literature has examined the role of temperament in adult and adolescent depression, few studies have investigated interactions between reactive and regulatory temperament traits in shaping depressive symptoms in children over time. Child temperament measures (laboratory observations and maternal reports) and depressive symptoms were collected from 205 seven-year-olds (46% boys), who were followed up 1 (N = 181) and 2 (N = 171) years later. Child participants were Caucasian (87.8...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2015in Child Development Perspectives 3.21
Soo Hyun Rhee36
Estimated H-index: 36
(CU: University of Colorado Boulder),
Benjamin B. Lahey95
Estimated H-index: 95
(U of C: University of Chicago),
Irwin D. Waldman57
Estimated H-index: 57
(Emory University)
In this article, we review evidence from recent behavior genetic studies that examined the covariance among common childhood psychopathological conditions and tested specific hypotheses regarding common and broadband-specific underlying features of childhood psychopathology. Specifically, we review the distinction between internalizing and externalizing disorders, the support for the generalist genes and specialist environments model, negative emotionality as a heritable underlying feature commo...
25 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Psychological Assessment 3.37
Sharon L. Lo5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Lisa N. Vroman2
Estimated H-index: 2
(MSU: Michigan State University),
C. Emily Durbin28
Estimated H-index: 28
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Psychological Bulletin 13.25
Andres De Los Reyes26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park),
Tara M. Augenstein8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
+ 4 AuthorsJill A. Rabinowitz4
Estimated H-index: 4
(TU: Temple University)
Child and adolescent patients may display mental health concerns within some contexts and not others (e.g., home vs. school). Thus, understanding the specific contexts in which patients display concerns may assist mental health professionals in tailoring treatments to patients’ needs. Consequently, clinical assessments often include reports from multiple informants who vary in the contexts in which they observe patients’ behavior (e.g., patients, parents, teachers). Previous meta-analyses indica...
290 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Psychological Assessment 3.37
Margaret W. Dyson15
Estimated H-index: 15
,
Thomas M. Olino31
Estimated H-index: 31
+ 4 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
It is generally assumed that temperament traits exhibit structural and rank-order stability over time. Most of the research on structural and rank-order stability has relied on parent-report measures. The present study used an alternative approach, a laboratory-observational measure (Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery [Lab-TAB]), to examine the structural and rank-order stability of temperament traits in a community sample of young children (N = 447). Using structural equation modeling (S...
15 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2014in Journal of Research in Personality 2.85
Lisa N. Vroman2
Estimated H-index: 2
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Sharon L. Lo5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MSU: Michigan State University),
C. Emily Durbin28
Estimated H-index: 28
(MSU: Michigan State University)
The structure of child temperament traits has been explored primarily using informant report. Less is known about temperament structure assessed by alternative methods, such as laboratory assessments. We report on the structure of child traits assessed by experimenter ratings of child behavior during laboratory tasks, and their convergent and discriminant validity with objectively coded and parent reported child traits. The results indicate a three-factor solution (Positive Emotionality, Negativ...
4 Citations Source Cite
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