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Dwarfs under dinosaur legs: a new millipede of the order Callipodida (Diplopoda) from Cretaceous amber of Burma

Published on May 2, 2019in ZooKeys1.143
· DOI :10.3897/zookeys.841.34991
Pavel Stoev13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Leif Moritz2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Thomas Wesener9
Estimated H-index: 9
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  • References (41)
  • Citations (1)
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References41
Newest
#1Xuankong Jiang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2William A. Shear (Hampden–Sydney College)H-Index: 21
Last. Zhicai Xie (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 12
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1 CitationsSource
#1Andrew J. Ross (National Museum of Scotland)H-Index: 18
A list of all known taxa described or recorded from Burmese amber from the published literature up to the end of 2018 is given, along with a comprehensive bibliography. The history of the study of inclusions is summarised, and demonstrates that the number of species has risen exponentially over the past two decades. The first three species were named in 1916 and by the end of 1920 a total of 42 species had been named by T.D.A. Cockerell. Only three more species were named by 1999 though by the e...
25 CitationsSource
Abstract Arachnids and their relatives (Chelicerata) range in body length from tens of centimetres in horseshoe crabs down to little more than 80–200 μm in several groups of mites. Spiders (Araneae) show the widest range within a given Bauplan – the largest species being ca. 270 times longer than the smallest – making them excellent models to investigate scaling effects. The two mite clades (Parasitiformes and Acariformes) are the main specialists in being small. Miniaturisation, and its consequ...
2 CitationsSource
3 CitationsSource
Symphyla are one of the least known of the four classes of the Myriapoda. While Symphyla are dated to have split from the other myriapods at about 430–593 Ma, there are no fossil specimens known aside from seven specimens of the family Scutigerellidae preserved in Dominican and Baltic amber, with a maximum age of ca. 54 Ma. Here we describe the first fossil representative of the second Symphyla family, the Scolopendrellidae, Symphylella patrickmuelleri sp. nov., from Burmese amber (ca. 99 Ma). U...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jan Philip Oeyen (Leibniz Association)H-Index: 3
#2Thomas Wesener (Leibniz Association)H-Index: 9
The pill millipedes of the order Glomerida are a moderately diverse group with a classical Holarctic distribution pattern. Their classification is based on a typological system utilizing mainly a single character complex, the male telopods. In order to infer the apomorphies of the Glomerida, to elucidate its position in the Pentazonia, and to test the monophyly of its families and subfamilies, we conduct the first phylogenetic analysis of the order. To provide additional characters, we comparati...
2 CitationsSource
#1Natdanai Likhitrakarn (Maejo University)H-Index: 4
#2Parin Jirapatrasilp (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 2
Last. Somsak Panha (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 13
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At present, the millipede fauna of Myanmar comprises 92 species from 34 genera, 13 families and 8 orders, mostly described in 1889–1896. All literature records are cited with updates on species identities, as well as numerous taxonomic problems which make the number of species and even genera still imprecise. The Myanmar millipede fauna contains 70 endemic and five widespread synanthropic species. One species is found to have erroneously been recorded from Myanmar, and is ejected from the list o...
4 CitationsSource
#1Stephanie Elaine Suarez (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 1
#2Michael Brookfield (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 8
Last. Daniel F. Stockli (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 49
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The oldest-known air-breathing land animal is the millipede Pneumodesmus newmani, found in the Cowie Harbour Fish Bed at Stonehaven, Scotland. Here we report the youngest, most concordant 238U-206Pb zircon age from ash below the fish bed of 413.7±4.4 Ma (±2σ), whereas the youngest age from a tuffaceous sandstone above the fish bed is statistically indistinguishable at 414.3±7.1 Ma. The Cowie Harbour Fish Bed thus appears to be lowermost Devonian (Lochkovian), contrary to the previously accepted ...
10 CitationsSource
#1Weixin Liu (Leibniz Association)H-Index: 5
#2Peter T. Rühr (Leibniz Association)H-Index: 4
Last. Thomas Wesener (Leibniz Association)H-Index: 9
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9 CitationsSource
#1Weixin LiuH-Index: 5
#2Sergei I. GolovatchH-Index: 12
Last. Mingyi TianH-Index: 6
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15 CitationsSource
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Newest
#1Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 12
#2Weixin Liu (SCAU: South China Agricultural University)H-Index: 5
Based on all available information, 339 species from 71 genera, 26 families, and eleven orders of Diplopoda have hitherto been recorded from mainland China, the fauna thus being very rich, albeit far from completely known, comprising various zoogeographic elements and populating very different environments. Diplopods mainly occur in various woodlands, in caves, and high in the mountains. Most species (> 90 %, usually highly localised, including 160 cavernicoles), 18 genera, and one family are st...
Source
#1Xavier J Zahnle (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
#2Petra Sierwald (FMNH: Field Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 15
Last. Jason E. Bond (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 30
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Abstract Mate choice, copulation, genital morphology, and sperm storage are not very well understood in millipedes. The use of three-dimensional x-ray computed tomography (μCT) provides new morphological data regarding millipede reproductive systems in both the female and male, including chitinous sclerites and membranes, muscles, glands, oviducts, and sperm conduits. Here we present a complete integrated account of the morphology and function of the female genital organs in the family Polydesmi...
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#1Leif Moritz (Leibniz Association)H-Index: 2
#2Thomas Wesener (Leibniz Association)H-Index: 9
Millipedes have been inhabiting the earth for more than 400 my and show a great diversity regarding their morphology and ecology. For a better understanding of the timing and pattern of millipede evolution, Burmese amber offers a unique window into the Cretaceous period, ca. 99 Ma. Here, we describe the first known fossil of the colobognathan order Platydesmida, the species Andrognathus burmiticus n. sp. based on 15 specimens from Cretaceous Burmese amber. We combine classical light-microscopy a...
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