Long noncoding RNA/circular noncoding RNA–miRNA–mRNA axes in cardiovascular diseases
Abstract Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide. Non-coding RNAs including long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), circular RNAs (circRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to participate in pathological developments of CVDs through various mechanisms. Among them, the networks among lncRNAs/circRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs have recently attracted attention. Understanding the molecular mechanism could aid the discovery of therapeutic targets or strategies in CVDs including atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction (MI), hypertrophy, heart failure (HF) and cardiomyopathy. In this review, we summarize the latest research involving the lncRNA/circRNA–miRNA–mRNA axis in CVDs, with emphasis on the molecular mechanism.