Match!

Identification of avian flapping motion from non-volant winged dinosaurs based on modal effective mass analysis

Published on May 2, 2019in PLOS Computational Biology4.428
· DOI :10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006846
Yaser Saffar Talori1
Estimated H-index: 1
(THU: Tsinghua University),
Jing-Shan Zhao1
Estimated H-index: 1
(THU: Tsinghua University)
+ 3 AuthorsJingmai K. O’Connor26
Estimated H-index: 26
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract
The origin of avian flight is one of the most controversial debates in Paleontology. This paper investigates the wing performance of Caudipteryx, the most basal non-volant dinosaur with pennaceous feathered forelimbs by using modal effective mass theory. From a mechanical standpoint, the forced vibrations excited by hindlimb locomotion stimulate the movement of wings, creating a flapping-like motion in response. This shows that the origin of the avian flight stroke should lie in a completely natural process of active locomotion on the ground. In this regard, flapping in the history of evolution of avian flight should have already occurred when the dinosaurs were equipped with pennaceous remiges and rectrices. The forced vibrations provided the initial training for flapping the feathered wings of theropods similar to Caudipteryx.
  • References (53)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
22 Citations
2013
1 Author (Kevin Peterson)
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References53
Newest
#1Ulysse Lefèvre (University of Liège)H-Index: 5
#2Andrea Cau (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 15
Last. Pascal Godefroit (Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences)H-Index: 18
view all 7 authors...
Genuine fossils with exquisitely preserved plumage from the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous of northeastern China have recently revealed that bird-like theropod dinosaurs had long pennaceous feathers along their hindlimbs and may have used their four wings to glide or fly. Thus, it has been postulated that early bird flight might initially have involved four wings (Xu et al. Nature 421:335–340, 2003; Hu et al. Nature 461:640–643, 2009; Han et al. Nat Commun 5:4382, 2014). Here, we describe Se...
10 CitationsSource
#1Corwin Sullivan (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 22
#2Xing Xu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 44
Last. Jingmai K. O’Connor (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 26
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Recently reported specimens from the Mid-Late Jurassic Yanliao (or Daohugou) Biota and Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota of Northeast China suggest that the early evolution of avian flight involved a surprising amount of homoplasy and evolutionary experimentation. Pennaceous feathers of variable size, structure, and extent occur on the hindlimbs of numerous Jehol and Yanliao paravian theropods, including some basal birds, and clearly had an aerodynamic function at least in the dromaeosaurid ...
9 CitationsSource
#1T. Alexander Dececchi (Queen's University)H-Index: 9
#2Hans C. E. Larsson (McGill University)H-Index: 24
Last. Michael B. Habib (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
Background: Powered flight is implicated as a major driver for the success of birds. Here we examine the effectiveness of three hypothesized pathways for the evolution of the flight stroke, the forelimb motion that powers aerial locomotion, in a terrestrial setting across a range of stem and basal avians: flap running, Wing Assisted Incline Running (WAIR), and wing-assisted leaping. Methods: Using biomechanical mathematical models based on known aerodynamic principals and in vivo experiments and...
17 CitationsSource
#1Ashley M. Heers (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 7
#2David B. Baier (PC: Providence College)H-Index: 4
Last. Kenneth P. Dial (UM: University of Montana)H-Index: 34
view all 4 authors...
Some of the greatest transformations in vertebrate history involve developmental and evolutionary origins of avian flight. Flight is the most power-demanding mode of locomotion, and volant adult birds have many anatomical features that presumably help meet these demands. However, juvenile birds, like the first winged dinosaurs, lack many hallmarks of advanced flight capacity. Instead of large wings they have small “protowings”, and instead of robust, interlocking forelimb skeletons their limbs a...
14 CitationsSource
#1Xing XuH-Index: 44
#2Xiaoting ZhengH-Index: 15
Last. Yanhong PanH-Index: 13
view all 10 authors...
A recently discovered fossil belonging to the Scansoriopterygidae, a group of bizarre dinosaurs closely related to birds, represents a new scansoriopterygid species and preserves evidence of a membranous aerodynamic surface very different from a classic avian wing.
62 CitationsSource
#1Xing Xu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 44
#2ZHOUZhonghe (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 47
Last. David J. Varricchio (MSU: Montana State University)H-Index: 28
view all 7 authors...
Research on the origin and evolution of birds has gathered pace in recent years, aided by a continuous stream of new fossil finds as well as molecular phylogenies. Bird origins, in particular, are now better understood than those of mammals, for which the early fossil record is relatively poor compared with that of birds. Xu et al. review progress in tracing the origins of birds from theropod dinosaurs, focusing especially on recent fossil finds of feathered dinosaurs of northeastern China. They...
108 CitationsSource
#1Michael S. Y. Lee (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 52
#2Andrea Cau (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 15
Last. Gareth J. Dyke (University of Southampton)H-Index: 28
view all 4 authors...
Recent discoveries have highlighted the dramatic evolutionary transformation of massive, ground-dwelling theropod dinosaurs into light, volant birds. Here, we apply Bayesian approaches (originally developed for inferring geographic spread and rates of molecular evolution in viruses) in a different context: to infer size changes and rates of anatomical innovation (across up to 1549 skeletal characters) in fossils. These approaches identify two drivers underlying the dinosaur-bird transition. The ...
108 CitationsSource
#1Christian FothH-Index: 11
#2Helmut TischlingerH-Index: 3
Last. Oliver W. M. RauhutH-Index: 28
view all 3 authors...
The discovery of numerous feathered dinosaurs and early birds has set the iconic 'Urvogel' (or 'first bird') Archaeopteryx in a broader context. But this venerable taxon still has the capacity to surprise. A newly discovered specimen from the Solnhofen limestone in Bavaria only the eleventh since 1861 shows a generous covering of feathers all over the body. Of particular note is a hindlimb covering resembling feathered 'trousers'. Analysis of feather distribution on the limbs and tail strongly s...
97 CitationsSource
#2Thomas KopruckiH-Index: 2
7 CitationsSource
#1Nicholas R. Longrich (Yale University)H-Index: 20
#2Jakob Vinther (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 28
Last. Anthony P. Russell (U of C: University of Calgary)H-Index: 38
view all 5 authors...
Summary In modern birds (Neornithes), the wing is composed of a layer of long, asymmetrical flight feathers overlain by short covert feathers [1–3]. It has generally been assumed that wing feathers in the Jurassic bird Archaeopteryx [4–9] and Cretaceous feathered dinosaurs [10, 11] had the same arrangement. Here, we redescribe the wings of the archaic bird Archaeopteryx lithographica [3–5] and the dinosaur Anchiornis huxleyi [12, 13] and show that their wings differ from those of Neornithes in b...
36 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Robert Siddall (MPG: Max Planck Society)
#2Fabian Schwab (Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering)
Last. Ardian Jusufi (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 6
view all 5 authors...
The addition of external mass onto an organism can be used to examine the salient features of inherent locomotion dynamics. In this biorobotics study general principles of systems in motion are explored experimentally to gain insight on observed biodiversity in body plans and prevalent cranio-caudal mass distributions. Head and tail mass can make up approximately 20% of total body mass in lizards. To focus on the effect of differential loading of the ‘head’ and the ‘tail’ we designed an experime...
Source