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Reward or punishment? An examination of the relationship between teacher and parent behavior and test scores in the Gambia

Published on Jul 1, 2019in International Journal of Educational Development 1.41
· DOI :10.1016/j.ijedudev.2019.03.006
Sara Gundersen1
Estimated H-index: 1
Michael McKay
Abstract Using the 2011 round of the Africa Program for Education Impact Evaluation Survey, we examine the prevalence of corporal punishment and praise in both school and home settings. We find that corporal punishment is highly prevalent, with 70% of students reporting that their teachers engaged in corporal punishment and 11.7% of students reporting being beaten themselves the day before the survey was given. Beating is more prevalent in high quality schools and is associated with lower fourth and sixth grade test scores after controlling for student, teacher, and school characteristics. Praise is less prevalent, but public praise from teachers and private praise from parents are both associated with higher test scores. Although results may suffer from endogeneity, they suggest teacher training could potentially be a cost-effective way of improving student outcomes.
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Published on Feb 1, 2017in School Psychology International 1.41
Sibnath Deb9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Pondicherry University),
Aneesh Kumar1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Christ University)
+ 1 AuthorsLorelei Simpson Rowe8
Estimated H-index: 8
(SMU: Southern Methodist University)
There is considerable evidence that parental corporal punishment (CP) is positively associated with children’s behavioral and mental health problems. However, there is very little evidence addressing whether CP perpetrated by teachers or school staff is similarly associated with problematic student functioning. To address this gap in the research literature, data were collected from students in a locale where school CP continues to be widely practiced. Participants were 519 adolescents attending...
Published on Sep 1, 2016
Elizabeth T. Gershoff25
Estimated H-index: 25
(University of Texas at Austin),
Sarah Anne Font12
Estimated H-index: 12
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
Published on Oct 1, 2015in Child Abuse & Neglect 2.85
Alison Breen6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Stellenbosch University),
Karen Daniels13
Estimated H-index: 13
(South African Medical Research Council),
Mark Tomlinson31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Stellenbosch University)
Exposure to violence is a serious mental and public health issue. In particular, children exposed to violence are at risk for poor developmental outcomes and physical and mental health problems. One area that has been shown to increase the risk for poor outcomes is the use of corporal punishment as a discipline method. While researchers are starting to ask children directly about their experiences of violence, there is limited research with children about their perspectives on physical punishmen...
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Review of Educational Research 8.98
Patrick J. McEwan22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Wellesley College)
I gathered 77 randomized experiments (with 111 treatment arms) that evaluated the effects of school-based interventions on learning in developing-country primary schools. On average, monetary grants and deworming treatments had mean effect sizes that were close to zero and not statistically significant. Nutritional treatments, treatments that disseminated information, and treatments that improved school management or supervision, had small mean effect sizes (0.04–0.06) that were not always robus...
Published on Jul 4, 2015in The Clearing House
Reena Cheruvalath1
Estimated H-index: 1
Medha Tripathi1
Estimated H-index: 1
AbstractThis article examines secondary school teachers’ perceptions of corporal punishment in India. Although it has been banned in Indian schools, various types of corporal punishment are still used by teachers. It has been mainly used as a mechanism for controlling disciplinary problems in schools. Based on a pilot study of 160 secondary teachers, the result of the research reveals that teachers still perceive corporal punishment as an effective method of controlling indiscipline in class. Ho...
Published on Apr 13, 2015
Moussa Pouguinimpo Blimpo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(World Bank),
David K. Evans12
Estimated H-index: 12
(World Bank),
Nathalie Lahire3
Estimated H-index: 3
(OU: University of Oklahoma)
Education systems in developing countries are often centrally managed in a top-down structure. In environments where schools have different needs and where localized information plays an important role, empowerment of the local community may be attractive, but low levels of human capital at the local level may offset gains from local information. This paper reports the results of a four-year, large-scale experiment that provided a grant and comprehensive school management training to principals,...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Journal of Human Resources 3.86
A. Colin Cameron25
Estimated H-index: 25
Douglas L. Miller20
Estimated H-index: 20
We consider statistical inference for regression when data are grouped into clusters, with regression model errors independent across clusters but correlated within clusters. Examples include data on individuals with clustering on village or region or other category such as industry, and state-year differences-in-differences studies with clustering on state. In such settings, default standard errors can greatly overstate estimator precision. Instead, if the number of clusters is large, statistic...
Seunghee Han5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MU: University of Missouri)
This study examined the effects of corporal punishment on student outcomes in rural schools by analyzing 1,067 samples from the School Survey on Crime and Safety 2007–2008. Results of descriptive statistics and multivariate regression analyses indicated that schools with corporal punishment may decrease students’ violent behaviors and increase the attendance rate, yet those schools may have more student insubordination incidents and fewer students with academic aspirations than schools without c...
Jennifer E. Lansford48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Duke University),
Chinmayi Sharma1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Duke University)
+ 17 AuthorsSombat Tapanya17
Estimated H-index: 17
(CMU: Chiang Mai University)
Two key tasks facing parents across cultures are managing children's behaviors (and misbehaviors) and conveying love and affection. Previous research has found that corporal punishment generally is related to worse child adjustment, whereas parental warmth is related to better child adjustment. This study examined whether the association between corporal punishment and child adjustment problems (anxiety and aggression) is moderated by maternal warmth in a diverse set of countries that vary in a ...
Published on Feb 25, 2014in Review of European Studies
Iqbal Ahmad3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UTM: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia),
Hamdan Said5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UTM: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia)
+ 3 AuthorsSyed Shafeq Syed Mansur1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UTM: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia)
Corporal punishment results in aggressive behaviours in students. As a result, some students leave school. Researchers believe that the issue of school dropout can be reduced by adopting different motivational techniques. Self-efficacy is one technique that can be promoted to create a caring and supportive learning environment. The issue of dropout is alarming in many Pakistani schools especially at the primary level due to the prevalence of corporal punishment and other factors. This issue prev...
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