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Linear growth faltering and the role of weight attainment: Prospective analysis of young children recovering from severe wasting in Niger

Published on Oct 1, 2019in Maternal and Child Nutrition3.305
· DOI :10.1111/mcn.12817
Sheila Isanaka14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Harvard University),
Matt D.T. Hitchings3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Harvard University)
+ 2 AuthorsRebecca F. Grais30
Estimated H-index: 30
Abstract
  • References (39)
  • Citations (0)
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References39
Newest
#1Tanya KharaH-Index: 6
#2Martha Mwangome (Wellcome Trust)H-Index: 11
Last. Carmel DolanH-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
13 CitationsSource
#1Stephen P. Luby (Stanford University)H-Index: 60
#2Mahbubur RahmanH-Index: 10
Last. John M. Colford (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 43
view all 27 authors...
Summary Background Diarrhoea and growth faltering in early childhood are associated with subsequent adverse outcomes. We aimed to assess whether water quality, sanitation, and handwashing interventions alone or combined with nutrition interventions reduced diarrhoea or growth faltering. Methods The WASH Benefits Bangladesh cluster-randomised trial enrolled pregnant women from villages in rural Bangladesh and evaluated outcomes at 1-year and 2-years' follow-up. Pregnant women in geographically ad...
104 CitationsSource
#1Sophie M. Goudet (Lboro: Loughborough University)H-Index: 5
#2Paula L. Griffiths (Lboro: Loughborough University)H-Index: 29
Last. Nyovani Madise (University of Southampton)H-Index: 33
view all 4 authors...
AbstractContext: Children living in slums are at high risk of being malnourished. There are no published reviews on existing interventions promoting better nutrition for children living in slums and the risk factors for children’s malnutrition. Improved understanding of the risk factors for malnutrition in slums communities and the impact of interventions on children’s health can provide guidance to practitioners and decision-makers. The present review is designed to provide this information.Met...
14 CitationsSource
#1Natasha Lelijveld (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 4
#2Andrew Seal (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 19
Last. Marko Kerac (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 18
view all 11 authors...
Summary Background Tackling severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a global health priority. Heightened risk of non-communicable diseases (NCD) in children exposed to SAM at around 2 years of age is plausible in view of previously described consequences of other early nutritional insults. By applying developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) theory to this group, we aimed to explore the long-term effects of SAM. Methods We followed up 352 Malawian children (median age 9·3 years) who were s...
55 CitationsSource
#1Kathryn G. Dewey (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 72
Meeting the high nutrient needs of pregnant and lactating women and their young children in regions such as South Asia is challenging because diets are dominated by staple foods with low nutrient density and poor mineral bioavailability. Gaps in nutritional adequacy in such populations probably date back to the agricultural revolution ~10 000 years ago. Options for improving diets during the first 1000 days include dietary diversification and increased intake of nutrient-rich foods, improved com...
39 CitationsSource
#1Mercedes de Onis (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 54
#2Francesco Branca (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 31
Childhood stunting is the best overall indicator of children's well-being and an accurate reflection of social inequalities. Stunting is the most prevalent form of child malnutrition with an estimated 161 million children worldwide in 2013 falling below −2 SD from the length-for-age/height-for-age World Health Organization Child Growth Standards median. Many more millions suffer from some degree of growth faltering as the entire length-for-age/height-for-age z-score distribution is shifted to th...
150 CitationsSource
#1S. V. Subramanian (Harvard University)H-Index: 82
Last. Aditi KrishnaH-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
Stunting and chronic undernutrition among children in South Asia remain a major unresolved global health issue. There are compelling intrinsic and moral reasons to ensure that children attain their optimal growth potential facilitated via promotion of healthy living conditions. Investments in efforts to ensure that children's growth is not faltered also have substantial instrumental benefits in terms of cognitive and economic development. Using the case of India, we critique three prevailing app...
23 CitationsSource
BackgroundHigh-quality evidence supporting a community-based treatment protocol for children with severe acute malnutrition, including routine antibiotic use at admission to a nutritional treatment program, remains limited. In view of the costs and consequences of emerging resistance associated with routine antibiotic use, more evidence is required to support this practice. MethodsIn a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Niger, we randomly assigned children who were 6 to 59 months of age a...
36 CitationsSource
#1André BriendH-Index: 24
#2Tanya KharaH-Index: 6
Last. Carmel DolanH-Index: 6
view all 3 authors...
Wasting and stunting are often presented as two separate forms of malnutrition requiring different interventions for prevention and/or treatment. These two forms of malnutrition, however, are closely related and often occur together in the same populations and often in the same children. Wasting and stunting are both associated with increased mortality, especially when both are present in the same child. A better understanding of the pathophysiology of these two different forms of malnutrition i...
50 CitationsSource
#1Andrew J. Prendergast (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 33
#2Jean H Humphrey ScD (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 39
AbstractLinear growth failure is the most common form of undernutrition globally. With an estimated 165 million children below 5 years of age affected, stunting has been identified as a major public health priority, and there are ambitious targets to reduce the prevalence of stunting by 40% between 2010 and 2025. We view this condition as a ‘stunting syndrome’ in which multiple pathological changes marked by linear growth retardation in early life are associated with increased morbidity and mort...
205 CitationsSource
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Newest
Despite a declining prevalence, stunting remains an elusive target for the global health community. The perception is that stunting represents chronic undernutrition (i.e., due to inadequate nutrient intake associated with food insecurity, low-quality diet, and suboptimal infant feeding practices in the first two years of life). However, other causes include maternal–fetal interactions leading to intrauterine growth retardation, poor maternal nutrition during pregnancy and lactation, and materna...
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