Comparative analysis of rhamnolipid congener synthesis in neotype Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 10145 and two marine isolates
Abstract A comparative study of rhamnolipid congener synthesis was performed using the neotype Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 10145 and two marine isolates (1A01151 and 1A00364). Compared with the neotype, 1A01151 and 1A00364 showed increased production of rhamnolipids containing higher proportion of congeners with longer fatty acid chains (C 10 -C 12 and C 10 -C 12:1 ) and/or di-rhamnose moiety. These could reduce surface tension of water to lower minimum values of 21.3 mN m −1 and 25.7 mN m −1 . The comparative profile of rhamnolipid congener composition, fatty acid content and gene expression suggested that elevated expression of rhlAB and rhlC throughout the fermentation process and enhanced accumulation of dTDP- l -rhamnose and fatty acid precursors (C 12 and C 12:1 ) at the onset of rhamnolipid accumulation were related to improved rhamnolipid production and surface-active property. This work provides insights into the metabolic relationship between rhamnolipids and related precursor biosynthesis, and could therefore be beneficial for process optimization for efficient rhamnolipid congener production.