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Physical and Mental Health and Functioning Among Traumatic Brain Injury Close Relatives: The Role of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms

Published on Apr 23, 2019in Family Process2.679
路 DOI :10.1111/famp.12454
Noga Tsur5
Estimated H-index: 5
(TAU: Tel Aviv University),
Chiara S. Haller9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Harvard University)
Abstract
  • References (67)
  • Citations (0)
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References67
Newest
#1Colin M. Bosma (UMaine: University of Maine)H-Index: 4
#2Nashwa Mansoor (Harvard University)H-Index: 1
Last. Chiara S. Haller (Harvard University)H-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Objective To investigate the relation between posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptom severity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design Longitudinal prospective multicenter, cohort study on severe TBI in Switzerland (2007鈥2011). Setting Hospital, rehabilitation unit, and/or patient's living facility. Participants Patients with severe TBI (N=109) were included in the analyses. Injury severity was determined using the Abbreviated Injury Score...
1 CitationsSource
#1Noga Tsur (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 5
#2Ruth Defrin (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 28
Last. Zahava Solomon (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 59
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Orientation to bodily signals is defined as the way somatic sensations are attended, perceived and interpreted. Research suggests that trauma exposure, particularly the pathological reaction to trauma (i.e., PTSD), is associated with catastrophic and frightful orientation to bodily signals. However, little is known regarding the long-term ramifications of trauma exposure and PTSD for orientation to bodily signals. Less is known regarding which PTSD symptom cluster manifests in the 鈥榮oma...
4 CitationsSource
#1Chiara S. Haller (Harvard University)H-Index: 9
ABSTRACTBackground: To examine the associations between the functioning of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), and their relatives鈥 coping style and quality of life across 12 months post-injury.Methods: Prospective, population-based cohort study assessing 188 patients with severe TBI (Abbreviated Injury Scale of the head region [HAIS] score >3), and their relatives, 3, 6 and 12 months post-injury. Data were drawn from a larger national study run in Switzerland (2007鈥2011). Patient...
1 CitationsSource
#1Yafit Levin (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 5
#2Rahel Bachem (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 7
Last. Zahava Solomon (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 59
view all 3 authors...
Despite considerable research on secondary traumatization, the ramifications of veterans' and their wives' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) for the family system remain largely uninvestigated. Beginning to fill this gap, the current study aims to investigate the reciprocal relations between both spouses' PTSS and marital adjustment, and the implications these bear for their parental functioning. Two hundred and twenty-five Israeli veterans (mean age = 58.62, SD = 7.6) from the 1973 Yom Kippu...
5 CitationsSource
#1John S. Rolland (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 2
Conditions involving neurocognitive impairment pose enormous challenges to couples and families. However, research and practice tend to focus narrowly on immediate issues for individual caregivers and their dyadic relationship with the affected member. A broad family systems approach with attention to family processes over time is needed in training, practice, and research. In this paper, Rolland's Family Systems Illness model provides a guiding framework to consider the interaction of different...
6 CitationsSource
This study examines the influence of the personality of relatives on the trajectories of recovery of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). The present subsample (N鈥=鈥376) of a larger population-based, prospective, 12-month multicenter cohort study in Switzerland (2007-2011) consists of patients with severe TBI (age鈥夆墺鈥16) and their relatives. The predictors are the NEO Five-Factor Inventory and time (trajectory of functioning of the patient over time). The outcomes are the patients' ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Yael Lahav (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 6
#2Yafit Levin (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 5
Last. Zahava Solomon (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 59
view all 5 authors...
Repercussions of war captivity may transmit to spouses of former prisoners of war (POW) via posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Overidentification with their partners underlies the PTSS experienced by former wives of POWs, thus implying impaired self-differentiation. Although wives鈥 indirect exposure to their husbands' captivity and subsequent PTSS has been associated with the wives' PTSS and differentiation, the combined effects remain unclear. Furthermore, previous cross-sectional studies co...
4 CitationsSource
#1Noga TsurH-Index: 5
#2Ruth DefrinH-Index: 28
Last. Karni GinzburgH-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
Studies suggest that torture survivors often experience long-term chronic pain and increased pain perception. However, it is unclear whether the actual experience of torture or rather the subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) explains these pain problems. Furthermore, although catastrophic and fearful orientations to pain have been suggested to play a significant role in the association between trauma and pain, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study examined whether chron...
7 CitationsSource
Longitudinal studies play an important role in scientific researches. The defining characteristic of the longitudinal studies is that observations are collected from each subject repeatedly over time, or under different conditions. Missing values are common in longitudinal studies. The presence of missing values is always a fundamental challenge since it produces potential bias, even in well controlled conditions. Three different missing data mechanisms are defined; missing completely at random ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Chiara S. Haller (Massachusetts Mental Health Center)H-Index: 9
#2C茅cile DelhumeauH-Index: 17
Last. Bernhard WalderH-Index: 33
view all 8 authors...
ABSTRACTObjective: The objective was to investigate disability and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) 3, 6 and 12 months after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in non-geriatric (鈮 65 years) and geriatric patients (> 65 years).Methods: Patients 鈮 16 years who sustained a severe TBI (Abbreviated Injury Scale of the head region > 3) were included in this prospective, multi-centre study. Outcome measures were Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended (GOSE; disability), SF-12 (HRQoL). Mixed linear model analys...
12 CitationsSource
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