Structural characterization and immunostimulatory activity of a novel polysaccharide isolated with subcritical water from Sagittaria sagittifolia L.
Published on Jul 1, 2019in International Journal of Biological Macromolecules4.78
· DOI :10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.04.077
Abstract In the present study, we obtained polysaccharides from Sagittaria sagittifolia L. (SSP) with subcritical water extraction (SWE). Two water-soluble polysaccharides (SSP-W1 and SSP-S1) from the acquired SSP were isolated with DEAE-52 and Sephadex G-100. Besides, the structural characteristics and immunostimulatory activity were also investigated. The results showed that both SSP-W1 and SSP-S1 were homogeneous polysaccharides and the molecular weight was 62.03 KDa and 15.2 KDa, respectively. In addition, both SSP-W1 and SSP-S1 are heteropolysaccharides. Moreover, FT-IR analysis showed that SSP-W1 was α-pyranose polysaccharide, while SSP-S1 was a typical β-pyranose polysaccharide. Congo red staining showed that there was no triple helix structure in both SSP-W1 and SSP-S1. Furthermore, both SSP-W1 and SSP-S1 could promote the proliferation, production of NO, and secretion of TNF-α and IL-10 of macrophages RAW 264.7, significantly. Therefore, the polysaccharides extracted from Sagittaria sagittifolia L. with SWE have the potential to be used as immunoreactive agent in medicine and functional foods.