Match!

Gender gap in entrepreneurial growth ambition: The role of culturally contingent perceptions of the institutional environment in China

Published on Sep 2, 2019in International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research
· DOI :10.1108/IJEBR-04-2018-0248
Sources
Abstract
Purpose Since the limited growth of enterprises has been identified as a deliberate choice of women entrepreneurs, the purpose of this paper is to illustrate how the institutional environment of an entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE) fosters the gender gap in entrepreneurial growth intention. The mediating role of the perceived institutional environment in the gender effect on entrepreneurial growth intention is tested in the Chinese context. As individuals’ cognitions are usually influenced by their cultural orientations, the gender difference in perceptions of the institutional environment is considered to be contingent on entrepreneurs’ self-construal. Design/methodology/approach Using a multiregional sample of 206 Chinese entrepreneurs who completed the questionnaire, the study obtained results by adopting a structural equation modelling analysis with a partial least squares approach. Findings There are significant gender gaps in perceptions of the institutional environment and growth intention among Chinese entrepreneurs. Due to their limited political ties and lower legitimacy in economic activities in the country, Chinese women entrepreneurs have more negative perceptions of the regulative and cognitive institutional environment than their male counterparts, which accounts for the lack of growth ambition among Chinese women entrepreneurs. Independent self-construal enlarges the difference in environmental perceptions between male and female entrepreneurs. Originality/value This research enriches the discussion in the emerging area of EEs by adequately responding to the highlighted target to advance ambitious entrepreneurship and offering an interpretation of its evolutionary thinking. Given the increasing calls for a focus on high-growth women’s entrepreneurship, this study provides an explanation for how the institutional environment engenders the absence of women in growth-oriented entrepreneurial activities. It also uncovers the overlooked deficiency in institutional practice by highlighting the gender inequality in the implementation process of entrepreneurial support policies and the distribution of entrepreneurial capabilities in society.
  • References (103)
  • Citations (0)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2017
4 Citations
8 Citations
1 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References103
Newest
#1Dianne H.B. Welsh (UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro)H-Index: 19
#2Eugene Kaciak (Kozminski University)H-Index: 11
Recently, there are renewed calls to develop new models addressing the intricacies of women-owned businesses and the women that head them. A new conceptual model of women’s entrepreneurship that involves relationships between business-family-interface and firm performance is introduced in our paper. We test the model based on data from countries around the world and show that the model’s links depend on the country context. As a result, we identify new boundary conditions to the domain of female...
5 CitationsSource
#1Banu Ozkazanc-Pan (University of Massachusetts Boston)H-Index: 7
#2Susan Clark Muntean (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 5
Deploying a multidimensional framework focusing on individual, organizational and societal factors, we investigate gendering practices through which women entrepreneurs become disadvantaged in the technology sector. Through qualitative fieldwork, we focus on women entrepreneurs' experiences networking to access valuable entrepreneurial resources and examine the role of technology incubators and accelerators in facilitating this access. These organizations have the potential to mitigate gender in...
5 CitationsSource
#1Taiyuan Wang (IE University)H-Index: 3
#2Stewart Thornhill (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 12
Last. Julio O. De Castro (IE University)H-Index: 12
view all 3 authors...
Research summary We integrate research on entrepreneurial orientation and new venture legitimacy. To create value from an entrepreneurial orientation, firms need to possess necessary resources and capabilities, which new ventures often lack due to their liability of newness. We posit that legitimation helps overcome these constraints by enabling new ventures to acquire necessary resources and develop essential capabilities, and argue that entrepreneurial orientation and legitimation jointly enha...
16 CitationsSource
#1Jianhua Ge (RUC: Renmin University of China)H-Index: 1
#2Laura J. Stanley (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 10
Last. Franz W. Kellermanns (WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management)H-Index: 45
view all 4 authors...
Although many start-ups struggle to grow partly due to institutional voids in transitioning economies, empirical observations have contradicted this dominant view in the literature in that even with deficient formal institutions many economies (e.g., China) have high rates of entrepreneurship in recent years. To understand this paradox, we propose a politically contingent view of the relationship between the institutional environment and entrepreneurs' reinvestment in their business. Our empiric...
17 CitationsSource
#1Janna Alvedalen (Lund University)H-Index: 1
#2Ron Boschma (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 53
The entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE) literature has attracted much attention, especially in policy circles. However, the concept suffers from a number of shortcomings: (1) it lacks a clear analytical framework that makes explicit what is cause and what is effect in an EE; (2) while being a systemic concept, the EE has not yet fully exploited insights from network theory, and it is not always clear in what way the proposed elements are connected in an EE; (3) it remains a challenge what institution...
58 CitationsSource
#1Zoltan J. Acs (GMU: George Mason University)H-Index: 74
#2Erik Stam (University of Oxford)H-Index: 26
Last. Allan O'Connor (University of Adelaide)H-Index: 8
view all 4 authors...
In its most abstract sense, an ecosystem is a biotic community, encompassing its physical environment, and all the interactions possible in the complex of living and nonliving components. Economics has always been about systems that explain differential output and outcomes. However, economics has generally ignored the role of entrepreneurship in economic systems, just as entrepreneurship studies have largely overlooked the role of systems in explaining the prevalence and performance of entrepren...
87 CitationsSource
#1Dana Kanze (Columbia University)H-Index: 2
#2Laura Huang (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 11
Last. E. Tory Higgins (Columbia University)H-Index: 88
view all 4 authors...
Male entrepreneurs are known to raise higher levels of funding than their female counterparts, but the underlying mechanism for this funding disparity remains contested. Drawing upon regulatory focus theory, we propose that the gap originates with a gender bias in the questions that investors pose to entrepreneurs. A field study conducted on question-and-answer interactions at TechCrunch Disrupt New York City during 2010 through 2016 reveals that investors tend to ask male entrepreneurs promotio...
37 CitationsSource
#1Ratan J. S. Dheer (EMU: Eastern Michigan University)H-Index: 4
A review of literature in entrepreneurship and public policy suggests that the level of political freedom, corruption, and education are important antecedents to the rate of entrepreneurial activity in nations. However, empirical analysis of the effect these factors have on entrepreneurial activity across nations remains ambiguous. This study proposes that the cultural context of nations moderates the effect of these factors. Consistent with this argument, it investigates the role of individuali...
13 CitationsSource
#1Raquel PuenteH-Index: 2
#2María Antonia Cervilla (USB: Simón Bolívar University)H-Index: 2
Last. Nunzia AulettaH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
The article examines the determinants of the growth aspiration of Venezuelan entrepreneurs. We use the GEM database and build an econometric model based on a set of exogenous variables grouped into three large categories: contextual or environmental factors, individual factors and business variables. Given the Venezuelan specific characteristics, we place a particular focus on understanding the differences between entrepreneurs belonging or not to the BoP. The primary findings of this work are t...
6 CitationsSource
#1Quan-Hoang Vuong (ULB: Université libre de Bruxelles)H-Index: 13
#2Thu Hang DoH-Index: 1
Last. Thu-Trang VuongH-Index: 7
view all 3 authors...
This paper introduces new results obtained from a statistical investigation into a 3071-observation data set collected from a Vietnamese nationwide entrepreneurship survey. From established relationships, such factors as preparedness, financial resources and participation in social networks are confirmed to have significant effects on entrepreneurial decisions. Entrepreneurs, both financially constrained and unconstrained, who have a business plan tend to start their entrepreneurial ventures ear...
10 CitationsSource
Cited By0
Newest