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To be or not to be for humankind - organic diets revisited for a sustainable development

Published on Jan 16, 2019
· DOI :10.1186/s42055-019-0008-7
Ana Paula Simões-Wüst13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Pieter C. Dagnelie39
Estimated H-index: 39
(UM: Maastricht University)
Abstract
Worldwide, traditional diets are being replaced by diets with high proportions of ultra-processed industrial foods, meat products and refined sugars, fats and oils. By contrast, the (slowly) growing consumption of unrefined organic food products and the more and more popular organic-type of diets are associated with lower consumption of these foods. In this comment, we argue that the growth of the organic food chain is already now contributing to the goal of improving public health in global terms as well as to the goal of reducing the environmental impact of agricultural production and food processing. Thus, consumption of organic food contributes to saving lives and enabling future human existence. As such, the organic food system deserves increased attention and stimulation by scientists and public agencies.
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References27
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Published on Oct 1, 2018in Nature 41.58
Marco Springmann12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Oxford),
Michael Clark6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
+ 20 AuthorsKimberly M. Carlson16
Estimated H-index: 16
The food system is a major driver of climate change, changes in land use, depletion of freshwater resources, and pollution of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems through excessive nitrogen and phosphorus inputs. Here we show that between 2010 and 2050, as a result of expected changes in population and income levels, the environmental effects of the food system could increase by 50–90% in the absence of technological changes and dedicated mitigation measures, reaching levels that are beyond the pl...
52 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Public Health Nutrition 2.48
Mayara Sanay da Silva Oliveira1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UFBA: Federal University of Bahia),
Ligia Silva-Amparo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UFBA: Federal University of Bahia)
8 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Population Health Metrics 2.33
Eurídice Martínez Steele8
Estimated H-index: 8
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Barry M. Popkin319
Estimated H-index: 319
(UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
+ 1 AuthorsCarlos Augusto Monteiro51
Estimated H-index: 51
(USP: University of São Paulo)
Background Recent population dietary studies indicate that diets rich in ultra-processed foods, increasingly frequent worldwide, are grossly nutritionally unbalanced, suggesting that the dietary contribution of these foods largely determines the overall nutritional quality of contemporaneous diets. Yet, these studies have focused on individual nutrients (one at a time) rather than the overall nutritional quality of the diets. Here we investigate the relationship between the energy contribution o...
50 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 18, 2017in PLOS ONE 2.77
Caspar A. Hallmann7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Radboud University Nijmegen),
Martin Sorg1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 9 AuthorsThomas Hörren1
Estimated H-index: 1
Global declines in insects have sparked wide interest among scientists, politicians, and the general public. Loss of insect diversity and abundance is expected to provoke cascading effects on food webs and to jeopardize ecosystem services. Our understanding of the extent and underlying causes of this decline is based on the abundance of single species or taxonomic groups only, rather than changes in insect biomass which is more relevant for ecological functioning. Here, we used a standardized pr...
234 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Public Health Nutrition 2.48
Ana Paula Simões-Wüst13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UZH: University of Zurich),
Carolina Moltó-Puigmartí10
Estimated H-index: 10
+ 2 AuthorsCarel Thijs41
Estimated H-index: 41
8 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Public Health Nutrition 2.48
Ana Paula Simões-Wüst13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UZH: University of Zurich),
Carolina Moltó-Puigmartí10
Estimated H-index: 10
+ 3 AuthorsCarel Thijs41
Estimated H-index: 41
To investigate the associations of organic food consumption with maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy, and several blood biomarkers of pregnant women.
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Environmental Research Letters 4.54
Michael Clark6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
David Tilman138
Estimated H-index: 138
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
81 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 20, 2017in Annual Review of Public Health 9.49
Anne Lise Brantsæter32
Estimated H-index: 32
(FHI: Norwegian Institute of Public Health),
Trond A. Ydersbond11
Estimated H-index: 11
(SSB: Statistics Norway)
+ 2 AuthorsHelle Margrete Meltzer45
Estimated H-index: 45
(FHI: Norwegian Institute of Public Health)
The market for organic food products is growing rapidly worldwide. Such foods meet certified organic standards for production, handling, processing, and marketing. Most notably, the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and genetic modification is not allowed. One major reason for the increased demand is the perception that organic food is more environmentally friendly and healthier than conventionally produced food. This review provides an update on market data and consumer preferences for ...
13 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2017in Science Advances
Verena Seufert6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UBC: University of British Columbia),
Navin Ramankutty56
Estimated H-index: 56
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
Organic agriculture is often proposed as a more sustainable alternative to current conventional agriculture. We assess the current understanding of the costs and benefits of organic agriculture across multiple production, environmental, producer, and consumer dimensions. Organic agriculture shows many potential benefits (including higher biodiversity and improved soil and water quality per unit area, enhanced profitability, and higher nutritional value) as well as many potential costs including ...
35 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Science of The Total Environment 4.61
Maria M. Ulaszewska10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Gloria Luzzani1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)
+ 1 AuthorsEttore Capri26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)
Abstract Food production and preparation affect the environment in many ways, with effects on greenhouse gases, use of land, biodiversity, etc. The impact is influenced by consumer demand and eating habits. Two different recommended dietary models were considered, the Mediterranean Diet and the New Nordic Diet, with quantitative analysis of GHG emissions through LCA. An environmental hourglass (EH) approach based on LCA was introduced to help translate health-promoting dietary recommendations th...
7 Citations Source Cite
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