Improving communication about HIV prevention among people living with HIV and their at-risk social network members in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Published on Mar 31, 2019in Cogent Medicine
· DOI :10.1080/2331205X.2019.1600230
Hellen Siril6
Estimated H-index: 6
(MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences),
Anna Kaale3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 6 AuthorsM. C. Smith Fawzi26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Harvard University)
AbstractAlthough a number of HIV prevention programs have been implemented, such as mass media campaigns, high rates of unprotected and concurrent sexual partnerships, as well as low uptake HIV testing and limited HIV knowledge, persist in Tanzania. We examined the effect and predicting factors of HIV prevention communication among people living with HIV (PLH) exposed to NAMWEZA intervention, and their at-risk social network members (NMs) Quantitative data were collected from 326 participants at baseline and 24 months of follow-up. In-depth interviews with 20 PLH were conducted at follow-up. Results indicated specific communication about condom use and HIV testing increased; (mean increase of 0.28 (SD = 0.14) scores, P = 0.012 and 0.42 (SD = 0.11) scores, p < 0.001 respectively while general discussion about protecting other people from HIV did not change significantly; mean increase was 0.01 scores (SD = 0.005), p = 0.890. Positive predictors of communication included being single; OR = 1.10, p = 0.01, f...
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