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Jumping bristletails (Insecta, Archaeognatha) from the Lower Cretaceous amber of Lebanon

Published on Nov 1, 2019
· DOI :10.1002/spp2.1261
Alba Sánchez-García5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Barcelona),
Enrique Peñalver18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Instituto Geológico y Minero de España)
+ 1 AuthorsMichael S. Engel37
Estimated H-index: 37
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)
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#1Weiting ZhangH-Index: 6
#2Hu Li (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 16
Last. Dong Ren (Capital Normal University)H-Index: 27
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Based on fifteen Archaeognatha (=Microcoryphia) specimens from Myanmar (Burmese) amber, including males, females and immatures, two new genera and four species, Cretaceomachilis longa sp.n., Unimeinertellus abundus gen. et sp.n., U. bellus sp.n. and Nullmeinertellus wenxuani gen. et sp.n., are described. Phylogenetic analyses of taxa in Archaeognatha were conducted using Maximum parsimony and Bayesian inference based on morphological characters and DNA sequence data. Our results confirm the phyl...
15 CitationsSource
#1Alba Sánchez-García (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 5
#2Michael S. Engel (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 37
Springtails (Hexapoda: Entognatha: Collembola) extend into at least the Early Devonian, but have a meagre record as fossils until the latter part of the Mesozoic. Here, we document a diverse fauna of springtails in the order Symphypleona from amber recovered at the Penacerrada I locality, Moraza, northern Spain, and from the Late Albian Utrillas Group in the Basque-Cantabrian Basin. The fauna includes representatives of all of the principal suborders and infraorders, and most superfamilies, of t...
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#1Sibelle Maksoud (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2Dany Azar (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 7
Last. Raymond Gèze (Lebanese University)H-Index: 7
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Abstract The “Gres du Liban” [Sandstone of Lebanon] is the basal lithostratigraphic unit for the Cretaceous series in Lebanon. In the upper part of these siliciclastic-dominated strata we identified three discrete intervals characterized by their richness in amber with biological inclusions, mostly insects. The middle and upper intervals previously attributed to an Early Aptian (= Bedoulian) age are nowadays ascribed to the Early and Late Barremian respectively; the lower interval is Early Barre...
26 CitationsSource
#1Alba Sánchez-García (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 5
#2Michael S. Engel (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 37
ABSTRACT Entomobryomorphan springtails (Hexapoda: Entognatha: Collembola) of the family Isotomidae are the most numerous group of Collembola in Spanish amber, a pattern typical in other studied Cretaceous amber deposits. Here we provide a revision of the Spanish amber springtail fauna, Early Cretaceous (Late Albian) in age, based on 93 specimens sufficiently well preserved to permit specific identification. Three new species are erected within the Isotomidae: Anurophorinae. These are: Burmisotom...
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#1Xavier Delclòs (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 19
#2Enrique Peñalver (Instituto Geológico y Minero de España)H-Index: 18
Last. Andrew J. Ross (National Museums Scotland)H-Index: 18
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Diverse new material of mantises found in the Cretaceous amber-bearing deposits from Lebanon (Barremian), Spain (Albian), and Myanmar (Albian–Cenomanian) are described and figured. The Lebanese and Spanish forms are nymphs; while the one from Myanmar is an adult specimen. The Lebanese nymph corresponds to a new specimen of Burmantis lebanensis Grimaldi, 2003 while the adult Burmese (Myanmar) specimen belongs to the new species Burmantis zherikhini. The Spanish specimen represents a new genus and...
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#1Michael S. Engel (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 37
#2Laura C.V. Breitkreuz (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 7
Last. Diying Huang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 21
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A fossil palpigrade is described and figured from mid-Cretaceous (Cenomanian) amber from northern Myanmar. Electrokoenenia yaksha Engel and Huang, gen. n. et sp. n., is the first Mesozoic fossil of its order and the only one known as an inclusion in amber, the only other fossil being a series of individuals encased in Pliocene onyx marble and 94–97 million years younger than E. yaksha. The genus is distinguished from other members of the order but is remarkably consistent in observable morpholog...
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#1Bruno GranierH-Index: 16
#2Dany AzarH-Index: 21
Last. Roland HabchiH-Index: 10
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#1Dany AzarH-Index: 21
#2André NelH-Index: 88
This chapter describes about Sibelliberotha rihanensis gen. et sp. n., a new berothid Neuroptera, from Rihan (South Lebanon), a new Lower Cretaceous amber outcrop. This new fossil taxon possesses several plesiomorphic features that place it very basally within the available phylogeny of modern Berothidae, but close to the modern clade: Nyrminae and Cyrenoberothinae. The chapter discusses the systematic palaeontology, phylogenetic position and phylogenetic relationships of the new berothid Neurop...
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