Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Obesity
Published on Jan 1, 2019
· DOI :10.1007/978-3-030-04816-7_14
In this chapter we review the evidence from prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials that consider the interactions between physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and obesity. Furthermore, we consider the interaction between these variables and obesity-related health outcomes. We observe that in prospective studies both PA and CRF are inversely associated with obesity and obesity-related health outcomes. Based on evidence from randomized controlled trials, we highlight the importance of PA for weight management and improvement in CRF, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and hypertension. Finally, we conclude with an overview of current PA recommendations for improving CRF and reducing obesity, as well as a discussion on the importance of PA and CRF as clinically relevant measures beyond obesity management.