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Automated Measures to Understand Communication Opportunities for Young Children With Autism in the Community: A Pilot Study:

Published on Apr 1, 2019in Otjr-occupation Participation and Health
· DOI :10.1177/1539449219834911
Lauren M. Little1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Rush University),
Joanne P. Rojas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UK: University of Kentucky)
+ 3 AuthorsBeth Rous13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UK: University of Kentucky)
Abstract
Community participation is vital to children’s development and provides opportunities to practice social communication skills. Although previous studies suggest that young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience decreased community participation, there is little empirical evidence on the precise patterns of participation that may influence social communication opportunities. Therefore, this pilot study investigated the communication among families of children with ASD (n = 5) versus typical development (TD; n = 5) across various community locations. We used automated, objective measures: the Language ENvironmental Analysis (LENA) system™ to measure the amount of communication and integrated this with a Global Positioning System (GPS; that is, Qstarz™) to measure community location. Results showed that families of children with ASD and TD spent a similar amount of time in community locations; however, there were differences in the amount of adult talk directed toward children with ASD vers...
  • References (30)
  • Citations (1)
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#1Dwight W. Irvin (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 4
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Difficulty with social competence is a core deficit of autism spectrum disorder. Research on typically developing children and children with disabilities, in general, suggests the adult talk received in the classroom is related to their social development. The aims of this study were to examine (1) the types and amounts of adult talk children with autism spectrum disorder are exposed to in the preschool classroom and (2) the associations between child characteristics (e.g. language), activity ar...
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Abstract Objective To test the effect of personal and environmental factors on children's participation across 3 different settings (home, school, community); to ascertain the interrelations between these factors; and to propose and test 3 models, 1 for each setting, using structural equation modeling. Design Survey, cross-sectional study, and model testing. Setting Web-based measures were completed by parents residing in North America in their home/community. Participants Parents (N=576) of chi...
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