Automated Measures to Understand Communication Opportunities for Young Children With Autism in the Community: A Pilot Study:

Published on Apr 1, 2019in Otjr-occupation Participation and Health
· DOI :10.1177/1539449219834911
Lauren M. Little1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Rush University),
Joanne P. Rojas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UK: University of Kentucky)
+ 3 AuthorsBeth Rous13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UK: University of Kentucky)
Community participation is vital to children’s development and provides opportunities to practice social communication skills. Although previous studies suggest that young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience decreased community participation, there is little empirical evidence on the precise patterns of participation that may influence social communication opportunities. Therefore, this pilot study investigated the communication among families of children with ASD (n = 5) versus typical development (TD; n = 5) across various community locations. We used automated, objective measures: the Language ENvironmental Analysis (LENA) system™ to measure the amount of communication and integrated this with a Global Positioning System (GPS; that is, Qstarz™) to measure community location. Results showed that families of children with ASD and TD spent a similar amount of time in community locations; however, there were differences in the amount of adult talk directed toward children with ASD vers...
  • References (30)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
9 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Dwight W. Irvin (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 4
#2Anna Bard (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 1
Last. Lauren M. Little (College of Health Sciences, Bahrain)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
2 CitationsSource
#1Charles R. Greenwood (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 41
#2Alana G. Schnitz (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 3
Last. Judith J. Carta (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 32
view all 5 authors...
Purpose The Language Environment Analysis (LENA®) represents a breakthrough in automatic speech detection because it makes one's language environment, what adults and children actually hear and say...
4 CitationsSource
#1Lonnie Zwaigenbaum (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 67
#2Margaret L. Bauman (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 17
Last. Marvin R. Natowicz (Cleveland Clinic)H-Index: 33
view all 22 authors...
This article reviews current evidence for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) interventions for children aged
129 CitationsSource
#1Dwight W. Irvin (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 4
#2Brian A. BoydH-Index: 21
Last. Samuel L. Odom (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 49
view all 3 authors...
Difficulty with social competence is a core deficit of autism spectrum disorder. Research on typically developing children and children with disabilities, in general, suggests the adult talk received in the classroom is related to their social development. The aims of this study were to examine (1) the types and amounts of adult talk children with autism spectrum disorder are exposed to in the preschool classroom and (2) the associations between child characteristics (e.g. language), activity ar...
9 CitationsSource
#1Brian A. Boyd (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 21
#2Caroline Harkins McCarty (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 2
Last. Chetna Sethi (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
This paper provides a selective review and synthesis of the occupation-focused literature on routines of families of children with autism, in order to identify commonalities, critique the disability/barriers perspective often employed in research with these families, and to offer suggestions for further research. Identified commonalities include (a) tension between the need for and difficulty with routines, (b) the link between family routines and health of the family, (c) family participation a...
18 CitationsSource
#1Dana Anaby (McGill University)H-Index: 15
#2Mary Law (McMaster University)H-Index: 63
Last. Rachel Teplicky (McMaster University)H-Index: 12
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Objective To test the effect of personal and environmental factors on children's participation across 3 different settings (home, school, community); to ascertain the interrelations between these factors; and to propose and test 3 models, 1 for each setting, using structural equation modeling. Design Survey, cross-sectional study, and model testing. Setting Web-based measures were completed by parents residing in North America in their home/community. Participants Parents (N=576) of chi...
61 CitationsSource
#1Lauren M. Little (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 12
#2John Sideris (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 25
Last. Grace T. Baranek (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 42
view all 4 authors...
38 CitationsSource
#1Melanie Soderstrom (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 14
#2Kelsey Wittebolle (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 1
The importance of the language environment in influencing language outcomes is well known, but few studies have addressed the contextual factors that influence the amount of speech heard and vocalizations produced by a young child under naturalistic conditions. We analyze effects of type of activity engaged in by the child and time of day on quantitative measures of the language environment. We found effects of both activity and time of day. Structured activities generated the highest levels of ...
47 CitationsSource
#1Jessica R. Dykstra (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 7
#2Maura G. Sabatos-DeVito (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 9
Last. Samuel L. Odom (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 49
view all 6 authors...
This study describes the language environment of preschool programs serving children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and examines relationships between child characteristics and an automated measure of adult and child language in the classroom. The Language Environment Analysis (LENA) system was used with 40 children with ASD to collect data on adult and child language. Standardized assessments were administered to obtain language, cognitive, and autism severity scores for participants. Wi...
47 CitationsSource
#1Dana Anaby (McGill University)H-Index: 15
#2Carri Hand (Queen's University)H-Index: 9
Last. Mary Law (McMaster University)H-Index: 63
view all 7 authors...
AbstractObjective: The study’s purpose was to identify and synthesize research evidence regarding the effect of the environment on community participation of children with disabilities. Methods: A scoping review of peer-reviewed studies published from 1990 to 2011 was performed. Two independent reviewers selected studies based on a systematic procedure. Inclusion criteria for studies were: participants with a disability, aged 5–21 years, whose environment was examined in relation to participatio...
121 CitationsSource
Cited By1