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Positive association between forest management, environmental change, and forest bird abundance

Published on Jan 29, 2019in Forest Ecosystems
· DOI :10.1186/s40663-019-0160-8
Ernst-Detlef Schulze111
Estimated H-index: 111
(MPG: Max Planck Society),
Dylan Craven19
Estimated H-index: 19
+ 8 AuthorsNico Eisenhauer42
Estimated H-index: 42
(Leipzig University)
Abstract
Background The global decrease in wildlife populations, especially birds, is mainly due to land use change and increasing intensity of land use (Parmesan and Yohe 2003). However, impacts of management tools to mitigate biodiversity loss at regional and global scales are less apparent in forest regions that have a constant forest area, and which did not suffer from habitat degradation, and where forests are sustainably managed, such as in Central Europe or the northeastern USA. A biodiversity assessment for Germany suggested, for example, that bird populations were constant (Bundesamt fur Naturschutz 2015).
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Published on Jan 1, 2018in Journal of Applied Ecology 5.74
Peter Schall14
Estimated H-index: 14
(GAU: University of Göttingen),
Martin M. Gossner25
Estimated H-index: 25
(TUM: Technische Universität München)
+ 24 AuthorsStefan Böhm10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Ulm)
For managed temperate forests, conservationists and policymakers favour fine-grained uneven-aged (UEA) management over more traditional coarse-grained even-aged (EA) management, based on the assumption that within-stand habitat heterogeneity enhances biodiversity. There is, however, little empirical evidence to support this assumption. We investigated for the first time how differently grained forest management systems affect the biodiversity of multiple above- and below-ground taxa across spati...
40 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 18, 2017in PLOS ONE 2.77
Caspar A. Hallmann7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Radboud University Nijmegen),
Martin Sorg1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 9 AuthorsThomas Hörren1
Estimated H-index: 1
Global declines in insects have sparked wide interest among scientists, politicians, and the general public. Loss of insect diversity and abundance is expected to provoke cascading effects on food webs and to jeopardize ecosystem services. Our understanding of the extent and underlying causes of this decline is based on the abundance of single species or taxonomic groups only, rather than changes in insect biomass which is more relevant for ecological functioning. Here, we used a standardized pr...
234 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2017
Christian Ammer24
Estimated H-index: 24
,
Peter Schall14
Estimated H-index: 14
+ 24 AuthorsStefan Böhm10
Estimated H-index: 10
Mit Ausnahme der Diskussionen zu den Auswirkungen zu hoher Schalenwilddichten wird in der Forstwirtschaft kaum ein Thema derzeit so leidenschaftlich diskutiert wie die Auswirkungen der Waldbewirtschaftung auf die Biodiversitat. Hierbei stehen Buchenwalder aufgrund ihres in Mitteleuropa gelegenen Verbreitungsschwerpunkts im Vordergrund der Diskussionen. Viele dieser Debatten munden letztlich in der Frage, ob und wenn ja wie viel der bislang bewirtschafteten Waldflache uber die bisher vorhandenen ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Journal for Nature Conservation 1.97
Ernst-Detlef Schulze111
Estimated H-index: 111
(MPG: Max Planck Society)
Abstract This overview of relationships between biodiversity and management focuses on Central European Fagus forests. Present management and conservation activities are embedded in the geographic and historic background of Central European forest flora, including endangered, protected, and plant species for which Germany has taken special responsibility to ensure their future survival. Managed and unmanaged forests are compared with respect to plants and other organisms. Based on the floristic ...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Nature 41.58
Laura J. Pollock10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Wilfried Thuiller97
Estimated H-index: 97
,
Walter Jetz60
Estimated H-index: 60
Expanding protected areas for ecological conservation by just 5% has the potential to markedly increase terrestrial biodiversity protection.
38 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2017in Forest Ecology and Management 3.17
Dafne Ram1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Lund University),
Anna Axelsson4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SLU: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)
+ 2 AuthorsÅke Lindström42
Estimated H-index: 42
(Lund University)
Abstract Changes in forestry practices and on-going climate change may both have large impacts on forest bird populations. However, large-scale analyses of the effects of temporal changes in forest structure on forest bird numbers are largely lacking. We compared temporal trends from two Swedish nationwide long-term monitoring schemes, the Swedish Bird Survey (1998–2015) and the Swedish National Forestry Inventory (1983–2014), giving representative values for both forest and bird changes over an...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2016in Global Change Biology 9.00
Aafke M. Schipper17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency),
Jonathan Belmaker5
Estimated H-index: 5
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)
+ 17 AuthorsM.A.J. Huijbregts48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency)
Although it is generally recognized that global biodiversity is declining, few studies have examined long-term changes in multiple biodiversity dimensions simultaneously. In this study, we quantified and compared temporal changes in the abundance, taxonomic diversity, functional diversity, and phylogenetic diversity of bird assemblages, using roadside monitoring data of the North American Breeding Bird Survey from 1971 to 2010. We calculated 12 abundance and diversity metrics based on 5-year ave...
18 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 23, 2016
Werner Kunz27
Estimated H-index: 27
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 4, 2016in Science 41.06
Franz Bairlein1
Estimated H-index: 1
The populations of migratory bird species that breed in Europe and overwinter in sub-Saharan Africa are declining considerably faster than those of nonmigratory resident species or of migratory species that overwinter in Europe ( 1 ). Likely factors are habitat changes due to changes in land use, illegal killing and taking along the northern African coasts, and climate-induced changes in timing of migration and breeding. However, not only European trans-Saharan migrants are declining fast. This ...
25 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 12, 2016in Earth System Science Data 8.79
Corinne Le Quéré58
Estimated H-index: 58
(UEA: University of East Anglia),
Robbie M. Andrew29
Estimated H-index: 29
+ 64 AuthorsR. A. Houghton75
Estimated H-index: 75
(Woods Hole Research Center)
Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere-the "global carbon budget"-is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the development of climate policies, and project future climate change. Here we describe data sets and methodology to quantify all major components of the global carbon budget, including their uncertainties, based on the combination of a range of data, algor...
410 Citations Source Cite