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Comparison of National Institutes of Health Grant Amounts to First-Time Male and Female Principal Investigators

Published on Mar 5, 2019in JAMA51.273
· DOI :10.1001/jama.2018.21944
Diego F. M. Oliveira10
Estimated H-index: 10
(NU: Northwestern University),
Yifang Ma3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NU: Northwestern University)
+ 1 AuthorsBrian Uzzi34
Estimated H-index: 34
(NU: Northwestern University)
Abstract
  • References (5)
  • Citations (14)
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References5
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Many studies demonstrate that there is still a significant gender bias, especially at higher career levels, in many areas including science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). We investigated field-dependent, gender-specific effects of the selective pressures individuals experience as they pursue a career in academia within seven STEM disciplines. We built a unique database that comprises 437,787 publications authored by 4,292 faculty members at top United States research universit...
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Background: Concerns have been raised about the career pipeline in academic medicine, including whether women with a demonstrated commitment to research succeed at the same rate as male colleagues. Objective: To determine the subsequent academic success of recipients of National Institutes of Health (NIH) career development awards. Setting: United States. Participants: 2784 of 2799 (99.5%) recipients of K08 and K23 awards for whom sex could be ascertained from the NIH Computer Retrieval of Infor...
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#1Stefan Wuchty (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 24
#2Benjamin F. Jones (NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)H-Index: 21
Last. Brian Uzzi (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 34
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We have used 19.9 million papers over 5 decades and 2.1 million patents to demonstrate that teams increasingly dominate solo authors in the production of knowledge. Research is increasingly done in teams across nearly all fields. Teams typically produce more frequently cited research than individuals do, and this advantage has been increasing over time. Teams now also produce the exceptionally high-impact research, even where that distinction was once the domain of solo authors. These results ar...
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#1Henry EtzkowitzH-Index: 46
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Introduction: women in science: why so few? 1. The scientific career pipeline 2. Women and science 3. Gender, sex and science 4. Selective access 5. Critical transitions in the graduate and post-graduate career path 6. Women's (and men's) Graduate experience in science 7. The paradox of critical mass for women in science 8. The Kula ring of scientific success 9. Women's faculty experience 10. Dual male and female worlds of science 11. Differences between women in science 12. Social capital and f...
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Recent data highlights an imbalance in research grant success among groups underrepresented within the biomedical workforce, including racial/ethnic minorities and women. However, there is no data on grant success for researchers with disabilities. For these analyses, aggregate data on self-reported disability status for National Institute on Health (NIH) research grant applicants and awardees was obtained from 2008 to 2018, including disability category: mobility/orthopedic, hearing, visual dis...
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The Royal Society of Chemistry is committed to investigating and addressing the barriers and biases which face women in the chemical sciences. The cornerstone of this is a thorough analysis of data regarding submissions, review and citations for Royal Society of Chemistry journals from January 2014 until July 2018, since the number and impact of publications and citations are an important factor when seeking research funding and for the progression of academic career. We have applied standard st...
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Importance Previous studies have shown that medical student mistreatment is common. However, few data exist to date describing how the prevalence of medical student mistreatment varies by student sex, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Objective To examine the association between mistreatment and medical student sex, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Design, Setting, and Participants This cohort study analyzed data from the 2016 and 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Gradua...
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