Match!

Socioeconomic Status and Temporal Urban Environmental Change in Accra: a Comparative Analysis of Area-based Socioeconomic and Urban Environmental Quality Conditions Between Two Time Points

Published on May 1, 2019in Environmental Management2.376
· DOI :10.1007/s00267-019-01150-1
Arko-Mensah J (University of Ghana), Joseph Darko1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Ghana)
+ 3 AuthorsJulius N. Fobil18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine)
Abstract
The influence of area-based socioeconomic (SE) conditions on environmental quality conditions has recently been reported showing the precise spatial relationship between area-based SE conditions and neighborhood environmental quality in an urban area in a low-income setting. Nonetheless, there is still a lack of understanding of the nature of the relationship on a temporal scale. This study aimed to investigate the dynamic temporal relationship between area-based SE conditions and urban environmental quality conditions over a decadal period in Accra, Ghana. The results showed that there were differences in environmental quality across the SE quintiles in space (with regard to per capita waste generation (p < 0.012), waste collection/clearing (p < 0.01), and waste deposition (p < 0.001) and that the urban environmental quality conditions had changed dramatically over the decade for most of the environmental variables (p < 0.001). Despite the enormous urban development initiatives, some of the environmental quality indicators (e.g., proportion of households without flush toilet/Water Closet, connection to central sewer p < 0.001) appeared to have worsened in the high class quintile, suggesting that a high proportion of households were without acceptable sanitation facilities. The study concludes that urban development in low-income countries will need to follow strictly international best practice by observing standardized building codes and guidelines, if progress should be made in meeting the Millennium Development Goals targets.
  • References (40)
  • Citations (0)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1 Citations
1 Author (Yang We)
2012
3 Authors (Jo M. Barnes, ..., Brand As)
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References40
Newest
#1Rashieda Davids (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 1
#2Mathieu RougetH-Index: 44
Last. Debra Roberts (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
1 CitationsSource
#1Peter G. Ryan (UCT: University of Cape Town)H-Index: 50
#2Vonica Perold (UCT: University of Cape Town)H-Index: 2
Last. Coleen L. Moloney (UCT: University of Cape Town)H-Index: 30
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Identifying the sources of small plastic fragments is challenging because the original source item seldom can be identified. South Africa provides a useful model system to understand the factors influencing the distribution of beach litter because it has an open coastline with four equally-spaced urban-industrial centres distant from other major source areas. We sampled mesodebris (∼2–25 mm) at 82 South African beaches in 1994, 2005 and 2015. Plastic items comprised 99% by number and 95...
10 CitationsSource
#1Xiaonan Wang (Imperial College London)H-Index: 8
#2Miao Guo (Imperial College London)H-Index: 13
Last. Nilay Shah (Imperial College London)H-Index: 54
view all 6 authors...
Energy, water, and waste systems analyzed at a nexus level are important to move toward more sustainable cities. In this paper, the “resilience.io” platform is developed and applied to emphasize on waste-to-energy pathways, along with the water and energy sectors, aiming to develop waste treatment capacity and energy recovery with the lowest economic and environmental cost. Three categories of waste including wastewater (WW), municipal solid waste (MSW), and agriculture waste are tested as the f...
8 CitationsSource
Ambient and indoor temperature affects thermal comfort and human health. In a changing climate with a predicted change in temperature extremes, understanding indoor temperatures, both hot and cold, of different housing types is important. This study aimed to assess the hourly, daily and monthly variation in indoor temperatures in different housing types, namely formal houses, informal houses, flats, government-built low-cost houses and old, apartheid era low-cost housing, in five impoverished ur...
6 CitationsSource
The rising prevalence of obesity and excessive adiposity are global public health concerns. Understanding determinants of changes in adiposity over time is critical for informing effective evidence-based prevention or treatment. However, limited information is available to achieve this objective. Cultural, demographic, environmental, and behavioral factors including socio-economic status (SES) likely account for obesity development. To this end, we related these variables to anthropometric measu...
5 CitationsSource
#1Emilia Asuquo Udofia (University of Ghana)H-Index: 5
#2Gabriel Gulis (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 11
Last. Julius N. Fobil (University of Ghana)H-Index: 18
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Background Solid medical waste (SMW) in households is perceived to pose minimal risks to the public compared to SMW generated from healthcare facilities. While waste from healthcare facilities is subject to recommended safety measures to minimize risks to human health and the environment, similar waste in households is often untreated and co-mingled with household waste which ends up in landfills and open dumps in many African countries. In Ghana, the management of this potentially haza...
8 CitationsSource
Informal settlement upgrading is widely recognized for enhancing shelter and promoting economic development, yet its potential to improve health equity is usually overlooked. Almost one in seven people on the planet are expected to reside in urban informal settlements, or slums, by 2030. Slum upgrading is the process of delivering place-based environmental and social improvements to the urban poor, including land tenure, housing, infrastructure, employment, health services and political and soci...
10 CitationsSource
#1Stephen W. Bickler (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 26
#2Eliel Lizardo (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 1
Last. Antonio De Maio (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 31
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Urbanization in Africa is associated with an increased incidence of non-communicable diseases, yet the cause and the mechanism remain poorly understood. Here, we propose a role for G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling in the biological changes that occur with urbanization and suggest a critical area of convergence in GPCR signaling might provide a molecular signature for exposure to environmental factors. As a first step in investing this hypothesis, we examined the expression of...
4 CitationsSource
#1Christian Bosompem (KNUST: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Eric Stemn (University of Mines and Technology)H-Index: 3
Last. Bernard Fei-Baffoe (KNUST: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
The increase in the quantity of municipal solid waste generated as a result of population growth in most urban areas has resulted in the difficulty of locating suitable land areas to be used as landfills. To curb this, waste transfer stations are used. The Kumasi Metropolitan Area, even though it has an engineered landfill, is faced with the problem of waste collection from the generation centres to the final disposal site. Thus in this study, multi-criteria decision analysis incorporated into a...
13 CitationsSource
#1Catherine Linard (ULB: Université libre de Bruxelles)H-Index: 23
#2Andrew J. Tatem (University of Southampton)H-Index: 66
Last. Marius Gilbert (ULB: Université libre de Bruxelles)H-Index: 37
view all 3 authors...
The population of Africa is predicted to double over the next 40 years, driving exceptionally high urban expansion rates that will induce significant socio-economic, environmental and health changes. In order to prepare for these changes, it is important to better understand urban growth dynamics in Africa and better predict the spatial pattern of rural-urban conversions. Previous work on urban expansion has been carried out at the city level or at the global level with a relatively coarse 5–10 ...
65 CitationsSource
Cited By0
Newest