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Socioeconomic Status and Temporal Urban Environmental Change in Accra: a Comparative Analysis of Area-based Socioeconomic and Urban Environmental Quality Conditions Between Two Time Points

Published on May 1, 2019in Environmental Management2.38
· DOI :10.1007/s00267-019-01150-1
Arko-Mensah J (University of Ghana), Joseph Darko1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Ghana)
+ 3 AuthorsJulius N. Fobil18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine)
Abstract
The influence of area-based socioeconomic (SE) conditions on environmental quality conditions has recently been reported showing the precise spatial relationship between area-based SE conditions and neighborhood environmental quality in an urban area in a low-income setting. Nonetheless, there is still a lack of understanding of the nature of the relationship on a temporal scale. This study aimed to investigate the dynamic temporal relationship between area-based SE conditions and urban environmental quality conditions over a decadal period in Accra, Ghana. The results showed that there were differences in environmental quality across the SE quintiles in space (with regard to per capita waste generation (p < 0.012), waste collection/clearing (p < 0.01), and waste deposition (p < 0.001) and that the urban environmental quality conditions had changed dramatically over the decade for most of the environmental variables (p < 0.001). Despite the enormous urban development initiatives, some of the environmental quality indicators (e.g., proportion of households without flush toilet/Water Closet, connection to central sewer p < 0.001) appeared to have worsened in the high class quintile, suggesting that a high proportion of households were without acceptable sanitation facilities. The study concludes that urban development in low-income countries will need to follow strictly international best practice by observing standardized building codes and guidelines, if progress should be made in meeting the Millennium Development Goals targets.
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References40
Newest
#1Rashieda Davids (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 1
#2Mathieu RougetH-Index: 44
Last.Debra Roberts (UKZN: University of KwaZulu-Natal)H-Index: 17
view all 4 authors...
#1Xiaonan Wang (Imperial College London)H-Index: 8
#2Miao Guo (Imperial College London)H-Index: 13
Last.Nilay Shah (Imperial College London)H-Index: 54
view all 6 authors...
#1Emilia Asuquo Udofia (University of Ghana)H-Index: 5
#2Gabriel Gulis (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 11
Last.Julius N. Fobil (University of Ghana)H-Index: 18
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#1Stephen W. Bickler (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 26
#2Eliel Lizardo (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 1
Last.Antonio De Maio (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 31
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#1Christian Bosompem (KNUST: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Eric Stemn (University of Mines and Technology)H-Index: 3
Last.Bernard Fei-Baffoe (KNUST: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 4
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