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Boys, older children, and highly active children benefit most from the preschool arena regarding moderate-to-vigorous physical activity: A cross-sectional study of Norwegian preschoolers

Published on Jun 1, 2019in Preventive medicine reports
· DOI :10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100837
Ada Kristine Ofrim Nilsen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Norwegian School of Sport Sciences),
Sigmund A. Anderssen48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)
+ 3 AuthorsEivind Aadland12
Estimated H-index: 12
Abstract
Abstract The preschool environment exerts an important influence on children's behaviour, including physical activity (PA). However, information is lacking regarding where and when most of children's PA is undertaken. This study aimed to describe PA and sedentary time (SED) during preschool hours and time out-of-care, and on weekdays and weekend days, and to investigate differences in PA patterns according to sex, age, and MVPA levels. From September 2015 to June 2016, we measured PA levels of 1109 children (age range, 2.7–6.5 years; mean age 4.7 years; boys, 52%) using ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometers for up to 14 consecutive days. We applied a linear mixed model to analyse associations and interactions between total PA (counts per minute [cpm]), light PA (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), SED, sex, age, and overall MVPA regardless of setting, during preschool hours versus time out-of-care, and on weekdays versus weekend days. Children undertook more PA and less SED on weekdays compared to weekend days (p
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References32
Newest
#1Daniel Berglind (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 8
#2Per Tynelius (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 41
Background Physical activity (PA) improves health outcomes accumulating evidence suggests that sedentary time (ST), especially parent-reported screen-time, is associated with negative health outcomes in children. The aim of the present study is to describe levels and patterns of PA and ST across the day and week and activity pattern differences between the sexes, across all weekdays and time spent in and outside the preschool in four-year old children.
14 CitationsSource
#1Stephanie Truelove (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 2
#2Brianne A. Bruijns (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 2
Last. Patricia Tucker (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 16
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Outdoor playtime has been highly correlated with moderate-to vigorous–intensity physical activity (MVPA), while also being associated with decreased sedentary time. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to examine the physical activity levels and sedentary time of young children (2–5 years) during outdoor play periods at centre-based childcare. Eight online databases were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language, original research. Two reviewers independently extracted dat...
12 CitationsSource
#1Niels Møller (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 60
#2Line Christensen (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 11
Last. Kim F. Michaelsen (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 76
view all 6 authors...
Further collection of surveillance data is warranted, particularly in preschool populations, for optimizing future public health promotion strategies. This study aims to describe physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) across different settings, including time in and out of daycare, and to determine the proportion of children complying with suggested PA recommendations in a high income country. Valid PA was assessed in 231 children (36.4 ± 1.1 months) with the Actigraph GT3X accelerom...
9 CitationsSource
#1Karen L. Tonge (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 2
#2Rachel A. Jones (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 26
Last. D OkelyAnthony (Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute)H-Index: 55
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Objective To systematically review the correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior among children in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) services. Appropriate levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior are important to promote in ECEC services. Methods A systematic search of 8 databases identified 27 studies published between 1992 and 2015 that met the inclusion criteria. The data were collected and analyzed in 2014 and 2015, and variables were categorized using...
38 CitationsSource
#1Veronica J. Poitras (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 15
#2Casey E Gray (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 18
Last. S TremblayMark (Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario)H-Index: 71
view all 12 authors...
Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is essential for disease prevention and health promotion. Emerging evidence suggests other intensities of physical activity (PA), including light-intensity activity (LPA), may also be important, but there has been no rigorous evaluation of the evidence. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relationships between objectively measured PA (total and all intensities) and health indicators in school-aged children and youth. Online datab...
273 CitationsSource
#1Jennifer R. O'Neill (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 19
#2Karen A. PfeifferH-Index: 34
Last. Russell R. Pate (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 92
view all 4 authors...
Background: Little is known about the relationship between children’s physical activity (PA) in preschool (in-school) and outside of preschool (out-of-school). This study described this relationship. Methods: Participants were 341 children (4.6 ± 0.3 years) in 16 preschools. Accelerometers measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and total physical activity (TPA) in-school and out-of-school. In the full sample, Pearson correlation was used to describe associations between in-school...
8 CitationsSource
#1Meghan Finch (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 13
#2Jannah Jones (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 11
Last. Luke Wolfenden (University of Newcastle)H-Index: 26
view all 5 authors...
SummaryContext:The review describes the effectiveness of physical activity interventions implemented in centre-based childcare services and (i) examines characteristics of interventions that may influence intervention effects; (ii) describes the effects of pragmatic interventions and non-pragmatic i
19 CitationsSource
#1Ashley R Cooper (NIHR: National Institute for Health Research)H-Index: 46
#2Anna Goodman (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 38
Last. Ulf Ekelund (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)H-Index: 86
view all 22 authors...
Background Physical activity and sedentary behaviour in youth have been reported to vary by sex, age, weight status and country. However, supporting data are often self-reported and/or do not encompass a wide range of ages or geographical locations. This study aimed to describe objectively-measured physical activity and sedentary time patterns in youth.
270 CitationsSource
#1Kathryn R. Hesketh (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 10
#2Simon J. Griffin (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 65
Last. Esther M. F. van Sluijs (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 39
view all 3 authors...
Background Young children are thought to be inactive in childcare, but little is known about location-specific activity levels. This observational study sought to describe the in-care and out-of-care activity patterns of preschool-aged children and explore differences in physical activity level by childcare attendance.
21 CitationsSource
#1Eivind Aadland (Sogn og Fjordane University College)H-Index: 12
#2Kjersti Johannessen (Sogn og Fjordane University College)H-Index: 1
Objective To determine the intra-individual agreement for objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SED) over two subsequent weeks in preschool children.
11 CitationsSource
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Approximately 50% of preschoolers do not meet physical activity recommendations and children who reside in low-income rural communities may be further at risk for higher levels of sedentary behavior. Outdoor play is essential for preschool children; however, literature is unclear as to which types of interventions elicit moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for all preschoolers. The aim of this study was to determine which type of intervention, physical activity or fundamental motor ski...
Source
Background The direction of the longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and fundamental motor skills (FMS) remains unclear. We evaluated the bi-directional, prospective relationships between intensity-specific physical activity (PA) and domain-specific fundamental motor skills (FMS) over 2 years in children attending preschool at baseline.
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