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Common feline problem behaviors: Urine spraying:

Published on Mar 1, 2019in Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 1.58
· DOI :10.1177/1098612X19831203
Debra F Horwitz2
Estimated H-index: 2
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Abstract
Practical relevance:Urine spraying (synonymous terms include urine marking or scent marking) is commonly described as urine deposited on vertical surfaces while the cat is in a standing position. With the increasing trend of keeping cats indoors in some countries and the potential resultant increase in frustration-related behaviors, urine spraying may occur in the home. Although also a normal feline behavior, it is usually not deemed acceptable when the cat targets household possessions. Urine spraying is a common behavioral complaint that practitioners receive from cat owners and has the potential to disrupt the human–cat bond. In fact, feline elimination issues are a frequent reason cited by owners when they relinquish their cats to shelters and rescue organizations.Clinical challenges:While the location of the deposited urine should be diagnostic, this is not always the case. Urine marking can occur on horizontal surfaces, thus complicating the diagnosis. Urine spraying by intact males and females is u...
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Published on Apr 1, 2019in Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 1.58
Theresa DePorter3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
David L. Bledsoe2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 1 AuthorsElodie Ollivier1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CEVA Logistics)
ObjectivesAggression and social tension among housemate cats is common and puts cats at risk of injury or relinquishment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new pheromone product in reducing aggression between housemate cats.MethodsA new pheromone product (Feliway Friends) containing a proprietary cat-appeasing pheromone was evaluated for efficacy in reducing aggression between housemate cats via a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial of 45 multi-cat...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 1.58
Sagi Denenberg3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Maya Bräm Dubé1
Estimated H-index: 1
Practical relevance:When a cat is presented for evaluation of a problem behaviour, it is likely that the cat’s wellbeing is negatively affected by the condition. In addition, the owners and any other animals around the cat may also be experiencing negative consequences. When managing these cases, it is important to consider all options (including behaviour modification, environmental changes, medications) that can help to reach an optimal solution. Medication cannot teach the cat how to behave o...
Nathalie Porters6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UGent: Ghent University),
Hilde De Rooster12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UGent: Ghent University)
+ 2 AuthorsChristel Moons13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UGent: Ghent University)
Prepubertal gonadectomy (PPG) is promoted for population control in cats, but concerns related to health and behavior still exist. From a behavioral point of view, in order for PPG to be an acceptable alternative for traditional-age gonadectomy (TAG), the occurrence of undesirable behavior should be unaffected by age at gonadectomy. The aims of this study were to investigate (1) whether the average number of (potentially) undesirable behaviors in shelter kittens during 24 months after adoption w...
Published on Oct 1, 2013in Physiology & Behavior 2.63
Daniela Ramos5
Estimated H-index: 5
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Archivaldo Reche-Junior2
Estimated H-index: 2
(USP: University of São Paulo)
+ 5 AuthorsDaniel Mills29
Estimated H-index: 29
(University of Lincoln)
Abstract Given the social and territorial features described in feral cats, it is commonly assumed that life in multi-cat households is stressful for domestic cats and suggested that cats kept as single pets are likely to have better welfare. On the other hand, it has been hypothesized that under high densities cats can organize themselves socially thus preventing stress when spatial dispersion is unavailable. This study was aimed at comparing the general arousal underpinning emotional distress ...
Judi L. Stella5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Linda K. Lord16
Estimated H-index: 16
,
C. A. Tony Buffington25
Estimated H-index: 25
Objective—To compare sickness behaviors (SB) in response to unusual external events (UEE) in healthy cats with those of cats with feline interstitial cystitis (FIC). Design—Prospective observational study. Animals—12 healthy cats and 20 donated cats with FIC. Procedures—Cats were housed in a vivarium. Sickness behaviors referable to the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts, the skin, and behavior problems were recorded by a single observer for 77 weeks. Instances of UEE (eg, changes in caretakers...
Benjamin L. Hart5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Kelly D. Cliff8
Estimated H-index: 8
+ 1 AuthorsLaurie Bergman2
Estimated H-index: 2
Objective—To determine whether clomipramine differs from fluoxetine in reducing feline urine marking; whether reduction of marking continues in cats treated > 8 weeks; whether recurrence of marking, after abrupt drug withdrawal, is less in cats treated > 8 weeks; and whether cats that are successfully treated but resume marking after drug withdrawal can be successfully treated again with the same drug regimen. Design—Positive-controlled, double-masked clinical trial. Animals—22 neutered cats (2 ...
Published on Jan 1, 2005in Journal of The American Animal Hospital Association 0.59
Gary M. Landsberg3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Andrea L. Wilson1
Estimated H-index: 1
Twenty-five cats exhibiting at least four episodes of vertical urine marking per week were assessed. Following a medical workup, a 4-week clomipramine trial was instituted, using a mean dose of 0.54 mg/kg per os q 24 hours. No concurrent behavioral or environmental modifications were applied. There was a statistically significant (P<0.0001) decrease in urine spraying when the cats were on clomipramine, with 20 of 25 cats having a ≥75% reduction in spraying within 4 weeks. Side effects were mild....
Jonathan N. King23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Jean Steffan12
Estimated H-index: 12
+ 5 AuthorsWolfgang Seewald21
Estimated H-index: 21
Objective—To determine the optimal dosage of clomipramine for the treatment of urine spraying in cats. Design—Randomized controlled multicenter clinical trial. Animals—67 neutered cats. Procedure—Cats with a minimum 1-month history of spraying urine against vertical surfaces at least twice per week were randomly assigned to be treated with a placebo or with clomipramine at a dosage of 0.125 to 0.25 mg/kg (0.057 to 0.11 mg/lb), 0.25 to 0.5 mg/kg (0.11 to 0.23 mg/lb), or 0.5 to 1 mg/kg (0.23 to 0....
Published on Jan 1, 2004in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2.29
Katrina L. Mealey21
Estimated H-index: 21
(WSU: Washington State University),
Kenneth E. Peck13
Estimated H-index: 13
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
+ 5 AuthorsT.M. Krone1
Estimated H-index: 1
A prospective study was performed to determine the relative availability of buspirone and amitriptyline after oral and transdermal routes of administration in 6 adult cats. For topical administration, drugs were compounded in a transdermal organogel containing pluronic and lecithin (PLO). Using a crossover design, each cat received a single dose of amitriptyline (5 mg) and buspirone (2.5 mg) by the transdermal and oral route of administration with at least a 2-week washout interval between drug ...
Published on Aug 1, 2003in American Journal of Veterinary Research 1.07
John Ciribassi1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Andrew Luescher1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 3 AuthorsLiane Kaloostian-Whittymore1
Estimated H-index: 1
Objective—To determine bioavailability, pharmacokinetics, and safety for transdermal (TD) and oral administration of fluoxetine hydrochloride to healthy cats. Animals—12 healthy mixed-breed sexually intact 1- to 4-year-old purpose-bred cats. Procedure—A single-dose pharmacokinetic study involving 3 groups of 4 cats each was conducted in parallel. Fluoxetine in a formulation of pluronic lecithin organogel (PLO gel) was applied to the hairless portion of the pinnae of cats at 2 dosages (5 or 10 mg...
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