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Effect of additives on liquid droplet of protein–polyelectrolyte complex for high-concentration formulations

Published on Feb 14, 2019in Journal of Chemical Physics3.00
· DOI :10.1063/1.5063378
Masahiro Mimura1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Tsukuba),
Keisuke Tsumura (University of Tsukuba)+ 2 AuthorsKentaro Shiraki28
Estimated H-index: 28
(University of Tsukuba)
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Abstract
Liquid droplets of protein–polyelectrolyte complexes (PPCs) have been developed as a new candidate for stabilization and concentration of protein drugs. However, it remains unclear whether additives affect the precipitation and redissolution yields of PPCs. In the present study, we investigated the PPC formation of human immunoglobulin G (IgG) and poly-L-glutamic acid (polyE) in the presence of various additives that have diverse effects, such as protein stabilization. Alcohols, including ethanol, successfully increased the PPC precipitation yield to over 90%, and the PPCs formed were completely redissolved at physiological ionic strength. However, poly(ethylene glycol), sugars, and amino acids did not improve the precipitation and redissolution yields of PPCs over those observed when no additives were included. Circular dichroism spectrometry showed that the secondary structure of polyE as well as electrostatic interactions play important roles in increasing the PPC precipitation yield when ethanol is used as an additive. The maximum concentration of IgG reached 100 mg/ml with the use of ethanol, which was 15% higher efficiency of the protein yield after precipitation and redissolution than that in the absence of additives. Thus, the addition of a small amount of ethanol is effective for the concentration and stabilization of precipitated PPCs containing IgG formulations.Liquid droplets of protein–polyelectrolyte complexes (PPCs) have been developed as a new candidate for stabilization and concentration of protein drugs. However, it remains unclear whether additives affect the precipitation and redissolution yields of PPCs. In the present study, we investigated the PPC formation of human immunoglobulin G (IgG) and poly-L-glutamic acid (polyE) in the presence of various additives that have diverse effects, such as protein stabilization. Alcohols, including ethanol, successfully increased the PPC precipitation yield to over 90%, and the PPCs formed were completely redissolved at physiological ionic strength. However, poly(ethylene glycol), sugars, and amino acids did not improve the precipitation and redissolution yields of PPCs over those observed when no additives were included. Circular dichroism spectrometry showed that the secondary structure of polyE as well as electrostatic interactions play important roles in increasing the PPC precipitation yield when ethanol is us...
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