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†Chrysobythidae, a new family of chrysidoid wasps from Cretaceous Burmese amber (Hymenoptera, Aculeata)

Published on Jan 29, 2019in Historical Biology 1.49
· DOI :10.1080/08912963.2019.1570184
Gabriel A. R. Melo18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UFPR: Federal University of Paraná),
Daercio A. A. Lucena1
Estimated H-index: 1
(FFCLRP: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto)
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Abstract
ABSTRACTThe chrysidoid wasps are one of the main groups of aculeate parasitoid hymenopterans. Many of its constituent families are relatively well represented in the fossil record, being quite common in many Cenozoic amber deposits worldwide. Conversely, these wasps are scarcely represented in the Cretaceous period. Herein, we describe and illustrate three new genera and five new species from Cenomanian Burmese amber: †Aureobythus decoloratus gen. nov. et sp. nov., †A. punctatus sp. nov., and †A. villosus sp. nov., †Bethylochrysis clypeata gen. nov. et sp. nov., and †Chrysobythus areolatus gen. nov. et sp. nov. The new fossil taxa have a singular body morphology, especially concerning the forewing venation pattern, which does not fit in any of the known chrysidoid lineages. We therefore propose †Chrysobythidae fam. nov. to include these extinct inconspicuous lineages. Phylogenetic affinities with Chrysididae are discussed, based on the interpretations of the main characters of external morphology.urn:lsid...
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Published on Apr 1, 2019in Systematic Entomology 3.73
Thomas Pauli3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Freiburg),
Ruth F. Castillo‐Cajas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Würzburg)
+ 12 AuthorsRalph S. Peters12
Estimated H-index: 12
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Cretaceous Research 2.12
Daercio A. A. Lucena1
Estimated H-index: 1
(FFCLRP: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto),
Gabriel A. R. Melo18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UFPR: Federal University of Paraná)
Abstract Representatives of chrysidid wasps are described for the first time from inclusions in Late Cretaceous Burmese amber. Five new genera and new species are described and illustrated: † Auricleptes nebulosus gen. et sp. nov., † Azanichrum pilosum gen. et sp. nov., † Bohartiura glabrata gen. et sp. nov., † Burmasega ammirabilis gen. et sp. nov., and † Miracorium tetrafoveolatum gen. et sp. nov. We coded 49 morphological characters for species representing the subfamilies Amiseginae, Lobosce...
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Entomological News 0.32
Javad Karimi7
Estimated H-index: 7
(FUM: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad),
Reyhaneh Darsouei4
Estimated H-index: 4
(FUM: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad),
Shervin Sharifi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(FUM: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad)
ABSTRACT: Sclerodermus domesticus (Latreille, 1809) (Hym., Bethylidae) was collected from north eastern Iran, in association with larvae of Osphranteria coerulescens (Redtenbacher, 1850) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). The bethylids were found as larval ectoparasitoids on the longhorn beetle larvae. This parasitic wasp has gregarious activity with a high reproduction rate and parasitism potential. This is the first record of this parasitic wasp from Iran while O. coerulescens is recorded as a new ho...
Published on Jul 1, 2017in Paleontological Journal 0.72
Kateryna V. Martynova1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NASU: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine),
E. E. Perkovsky11
Estimated H-index: 11
(NASU: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine)
Cuckoo wasps of the subfamily Amiseginae, Eosega heterotarsata gen. et sp. nov. and Foveorisus kilimniki gen. et sp. nov., from the Late Eocene Baltic (Russia) and Rovno ambers (Ukraine), respectively, are described. Primitive Eosega is close to the extinct genus Palaeobethylus Brues in Kieffer, 1914 and represents the so-called American series of genera of Amiseginae. Foveorisus is found to be morphologically close to a number of extant oriental genera. All known fossil Amiseginae are listed. S...
Published on Apr 1, 2017in Current Biology 9.19
Michael G. Branstetter11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UofU: University of Utah),
Bryan N. Danforth42
Estimated H-index: 42
(Cornell University)
+ 6 AuthorsSeán G. Brady29
Estimated H-index: 29
(National Museum of Natural History)
Summary The stinging wasps (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) are an extremely diverse lineage of hymenopteran insects, encompassing over 70,000 described species and a diversity of life history traits, including ectoparasitism, cleptoparasitism, predation, pollen feeding (bees [Anthophila] and Masarinae), and eusociality (social vespid wasps, ants, and some bees) [1]. The most well-studied lineages of Aculeata are the ants, which are ecologically dominant in most terrestrial ecosystems [2], and the bees, ...
Published on Apr 1, 2017in Current Biology 9.19
Ralph S. Peters12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Lars Krogmann7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart)
+ 20 AuthorsRobert Lanfear29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Macquarie University)
Summary Hymenoptera (sawflies, wasps, ants, and bees) are one of four mega-diverse insect orders, comprising more than 153,000 described and possibly up to one million undescribed extant species [1, 2]. As parasitoids, predators, and pollinators, Hymenoptera play a fundamental role in virtually all terrestrial ecosystems and are of substantial economic importance [1, 3]. To understand the diversification and key evolutionary transitions of Hymenoptera, most notably from phytophagy to parasitoidi...
Published on Dec 1, 2016in Cretaceous Research 2.12
Pierre F.D. Cockx1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Rennes),
Ryan C. McKellar12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Vincent Perrichot17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Rennes)
Abstract Two new genera and species of fossil chrysidoid wasps belonging to the families Chrysididae and Bethylidae are described from Charentese (Fouras Bois-Vert and Archingeay) lower Upper Cretaceous amber of France. New taxa include: Sphaerocleptes neraudeaui n. gen. et sp., and Nucifrangibulum carentonensis n. gen. et sp. A new bethylid wasp is also described but left in open nomenclature. These findings are the first records of the subfamilies Cleptinae and Bethylinae in these deposits and...
Published on Dec 1, 2016in Cretaceous Research 2.12
Pierre F.D. Cockx1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Rennes),
Ryan C. McKellar5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Regina)
Abstract Two new genera and species belonging to the family Scolebythidae are described from mid-Cretaceous amber of Myanmar, Cursoribythus silvestris and Siccibythus musculosus . These taxa are introduced into the current phylogenetic tree of the family, in order to analyze their relationships and observe their impacts on our understanding of the family. The implication of the findings (this is the first record of the family in the Cretaceous amber deposits of Myanmar) are discussed.
Published on Apr 7, 2016in American Museum Novitates 1.60
Michael S. Engel36
Estimated H-index: 36
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History),
C. O. Azevedo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UFES: Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo),
Jaime Ortega-Blanco12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Barcelona)
ABSTRACT A new genus and species of bethylid wasps is described and figured from a female preserved in Early Cretaceous (Barremian) amber from Lebanon. Holopsenella primotica, new genus and species, is distinguished from other bethylids and segregated into a new subfamily, Holopsenellinae, along with Cretabythus sibiricus Evans in Late Cretaceous (Santonian) Taimyrian amber. Holopsenellines are perhaps basal within the family, representing a stem group to other Bethylidae, and, if so, those feat...
Published on Dec 22, 2015
Mareike Wurdack3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Würzburg),
Sina Herbertz1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 5 AuthorsThomas Schmitt31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Würzburg)
Cleptoparasitic wasps and bees smuggle their eggs into the nest of a host organism. Here the larvae of the cleptoparasite feed upon the food provision intended for the offspring of the host. As cleptoparasitism incurs a loss of fitness for the host organism (offspring of the host fail to develop), hosts of cleptoparasites are expected to exploit cues that alert them to potential cleptoparasite infestation. Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) could serve as such cues, as insects inevitably leave traces...
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