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The Global Syndemic of Obesity, Undernutrition, and Climate Change: The Lancet Commission report.

Published on Feb 1, 2019in The Lancet59.102
· DOI :10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32822-8
Boydoyd Swinburn70
Estimated H-index: 70
(Deakin University),
Vivica I Kraak23
Estimated H-index: 23
(VT: Virginia Tech)
+ 40 AuthorsWilliam H. Dietz98
Estimated H-index: 98
(GW: George Washington University)
Sources
Abstract
Additional co-authors: Prof Corinna Hawkes PhD, Mario Herrero PhD, Prof Peter S Hovmand PhD, Prof Mark Howden PhD, Lindsay M Jaacks PhD, Ariadne B Kapetanaki PhD, Matt Kasman PhD, Prof Harriet V Kuhnlein PhD, Prof Shiriki K Kumanyika PhD, Prof Bagher Larijani MD, Tim Lobstein PhD, Michael W Long PhD, Victor K R Matsudo MD, Susanna D H Mills PhD, Gareth Morgan PhD, Alexandra Morshed, Patricia M Nece JD, Prof An Pan PhD, David W Patterson, Gary Sacks PhD, Meera Shekar PhD, Geoff L Simmons, Warren Smit PhD, Ali Tootee PhD, Stefanie Vandevijvere PhD, Wilma E Waterlander PhD, Luke Wolfenden PhD, Prof William H Dietz MD
  • References (229)
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References229
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#1Stefanie Vandevijvere (University of Auckland)H-Index: 29
#2Rachel Williams (University of Auckland)H-Index: 1
Last. Boydoyd Swinburn (University of Auckland)H-Index: 70
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This study developed a systems-based approach (called FoodBack) to empower citizens and change agents to create healthier community food places. Formative evaluations were held with citizens and change agents in six diverse New Zealand communities, supplemented by semi-structured interviews with 85 change agents in Auckland and Hamilton in 2015-2016. The emerging system was additionally reviewed by public health experts from diverse organizations. A food environments feedback system was construc...
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#1Sajjad Moradi (IUMS: Isfahan University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 5
#2Atieh Mirzababaei (Tehran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 2
Last. Khadijeh Mirzaei (Tehran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 12
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Purpose Research into the relationship between food insecurity and weight abnormality has yielded varied and contradictory results. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis were carried out to examine the association between food insecurity and weight abnormality in adults.
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#1Sharon FrielH-Index: 43
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#1Jessica FanzoH-Index: 26
#2Corinna HawkesH-Index: 43
Last. Dominic SchofieldH-Index: 1
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The 2018 Global Nutrition Report shares insights into the current state of global nutrition, highlighting the unacceptably high burden of malnutrition in the world. It identifies areas where progress has been made in recent years but argues that it is too slow and too inconsistent. It puts forward five critical steps that are needed to speed up progress to end malnutrition in all its forms and argues that, if we act now, it is not too late to achieve this goal. In fact, we have an unprecedented ...
68 Citations
Agriculture directly contributes about 10%–12% of current global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, mostly from livestock. However, such percentage estimates are based on global warming potentials (GWPs), which do not measure the actual warming caused by emissions and ignore the fact that methane does not accumulate in the atmosphere in the same way as CO2. Here, we employ a simple carbon cycle-climate model, historical estimates and future projections of livestock emissions to infer the fr...
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#1Thibault Fiolet (Sorbonne)H-Index: 3
#2Bernard Srour (Sorbonne)H-Index: 7
Last. Mathilde Touvier (Sorbonne)H-Index: 44
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Abstract Objective To assess the prospective associations between consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cancer. Design Population based cohort study. Setting and participants 104 980 participants aged at least 18 years (median age 42.8 years) from the French NutriNet-Sante cohort (2009-17). Dietary intakes were collected using repeated 24 hour dietary records, designed to register participants’ usual consumption for 3300 different food items. These were categorised according to their d...
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#1Ruopeng An (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 20
#2M. Ji (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 3
Last. S. Zhang (SUS: Shanghai University of Sport)H-Index: 3
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Summary Global warming and the obesity epidemic are two unprecedented challenges mankind faces today. A literature search was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO and Scopus for articles published until July 2017 that reported findings on the relationship between global warming and the obesity epidemic. Fifty studies were identified. Topic-wise, articles were classified into four relationships – global warming and the obesity epidemic are correlated because of common drivers (n = 21); ...
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#1Phillip Baker (Deakin University)H-Index: 14
#2Corinna Hawkes (City University London)H-Index: 43
Last. Helen Walls (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 18
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Introduction Generating country-level political commitment will be critical to driving forward action throughout the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016–2025). In this review of the empirical nutrition policy literature, we ask: what factors generate, sustain and constrain political commitment for nutrition, how and under what circumstances? Our aim is to inform strategic ‘commitment-building’ actions. Method We adopted a framework synthesis method and realist review protocol. An ...
15 CitationsSource
#1Ximena Ramos Salas (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 5
#2Mary Forhan (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 15
Last. Kim D. Raine (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 30
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OBJECTIVES: Public health policies have been criticized for promoting a simplistic narrative that may contribute to weight bias. Weight bias can impact population health by increasing morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to: 1) critically analyze Canadian obesity prevention policies and strategies to identify underlying dominant narratives; 2) deconstruct dominant narratives and consider the unintended consequences for people with obesity; and 3) make recommendations to cha...
7 CitationsSource
#1Maria Laura da Costa Louzada (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 16
#2Camila Zancheta Ricardo (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 4
Last. Carlos Augusto Monteiro (USP: University of São Paulo)H-Index: 74
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Objective To estimate the dietary share of ultra-processed foods and to determine its association with the overall nutritional quality of diets in Brazil. Design Cross-sectional. Setting Brazil. Subjects A representative sample of 32 898 Brazilians aged ≥10 years was studied. Food intake data were collected. We calculated the average dietary content of individual nutrients and compared them across quintiles of energy share of ultra-processed foods. Then we identified nutrient-based dietary patte...
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Abstract The urbanization process resulted in incredible achievements for society, unfortunately together with economic, social, and technological development it deteriorates air quality and encourages sedentary behavior. Air pollution inhalation is responsible for a massive negative health effect. The practice of regular physical exercise is strongly encouraged to achieve a healthy lifestyle. However, particularly during a physical exercise session, the respiratory system undergoes some physiol...
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#1Gerry McCartneyH-Index: 15
#2Lynda Fenton (NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Objectives Policymaking in some areas such as public health or ecological sustainability, are particularly challenging because they require cross-governmental coherence in approach. This paper aims to develop a heuristic means of understanding such policy challenges. Study design Theoretical development. Methods We developed a policy heuristic through theoretical discussions amongst the authors and then illustrated this across health, equity and sustainability outcomes. Results We propo...
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Communities across the Pacific are being challenged by the impacts of climate change. Attaining food and nutrition security goals is also a priority for the region, particularly in relation to improving dietary quality and reducing the incidence of non-communicable diseases. Addressing these challenges requires context-specific research that incorporates a realistic understanding of the links between drivers of change, food systems, and how these influence diets and health. Using a case study ap...
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#1Canxi Chen (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 1
#2Abhishek Chaudhary (IITs: Indian Institutes of Technology)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Reducing food waste can contribute positively towards multiple sustainable development goals (SDGs) but the differences in the food waste across countries in terms of embedded nutrients and environmental impacts is not well-known. Here we assess the value of daily per capita food waste of 151 countries using two recent indicators for embedded nutrition losses (wasted nutrient days and wasted daily diets) and five indicators for environmental impacts. Globally, on average, 65 kg of food ...
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Abstract Although green technology innovation (GTI) under multi-agent cooperation has become a mainstream innovation mode for green manufacturing, it is difficult to implement in practice. This study empirically investigated the measure of GTI capability and its influencing factors to enhance the capability of GTI and competitiveness of multi-agent cooperation. First, a questionnaire survey was used to construct an evaluation index system of GTI capability for manufacturing enterprises under mul...
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Abstract Research continues to highlight the link between climate change and health outcomes. There is, however, limited evidence in research, policies and in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) about the impact of environmental factors on noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) for people living in urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Important is that 80% of NCDs taking place in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and are linked to a third of the deaths in SSA. The question is, what woul...
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#1Mary Ann Faucher (Baylor University)H-Index: 6
#2Ann M. Mirabito (Baylor University)H-Index: 8
INTRODUCTION Prepregnancy obesity and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) pose health risks to woman and fetus, yet gestational weight management interventions are largely unsuccessful. Little research examines the perceptions of women with obesity about weight gain and exercise. Although women with obesity have different body habitus and life experiences, most studies combine overweight and obese women into one group. METHODS We conducted 3 focus groups with pregnant women with obesity to d...
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