Baduanjin exercise intervention for community adults at risk of ischamic stroke: A randomized controlled trial

Published on Feb 4, 2019in Scientific Reports4.01
· DOI :10.1038/s41598-018-37544-0
Guohua Zheng3
Estimated H-index: 3
(FJUTCM: Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine),
Guohua Zheng1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SHU: Shanghai University)
+ 3 AuthorsLidian Chen20
Estimated H-index: 20
(FJUTCM: Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine)
The aim of current study was to assess the effects of Baduanjin exercise on cerebrovascular function, cardiac structure and cardiac function, static pulmonary function, traditional risk factors of CVD and the related psychological outcomes in older community adults at risk for ischaemic stroke. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in three community between November 2013 and October 2015. Older community-dwelling adults (N = 170) were randomly allocated into either a Baduanjin training (5 × 60 min/weekly) or control group who kept their unaltered lifestyle during a 12-week intervention period. Primary (cerebral haemodynamic parameters) and secondary outcomes (cardiac structure, cardiac function, static pulmonary function, traditional risk factors and the related psychological outcomes) were measured at baseline, after a 12-week intervention period and after an additional 12-week follow-up period. After the 12-week intervention period and additional 12-week follow-up period, the Baduanjin exercise group displayed significant changes in most cerebral haemodynamic parameters compared to the control group: lower systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, plasma total cholesterol levels, waist circumference, hip circumference and waist/hip ratio; and improved mood, self-confidence, self-esteem, quality of life and sleep quality. A supervised 12-week Baduanjin exercise intervention was effective and safe in modulating cerebral haemodynamics, reducing blood pressure and improving anthropometric parameters and related psychological outcomes in older community adults at risk for ischaemic stroke.
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Liye Zou11
Estimated H-index: 11
Chaoyi Wang7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsHuiru Wang9
Estimated H-index: 9
Objective: The purpose of this review was to objectively evaluate the effects of Baduanjin exercise on rehabilitative outcomes in stroke patients. Methods: Both Chinese and English electronic databases were searched for potentially relevant trials. Two review authors independently screened eligible trials against the inclusion criteria, extracted data, and assessed the methodological quality by using the revised PEDro scale. Meta-analysis was only performed for balance function. Results: In tota...
Liye Zou11
Estimated H-index: 11
Albert Yeung23
Estimated H-index: 23
+ 7 AuthorsHuiru Wang9
Estimated H-index: 9
Objectives: we used a quantitative method to systematically synthesize the emerging literature and critically evaluate the effects of Baduanjin on depression and anxiety in people with physical or mental illnesses. Additionally, we determined if the number of total Baduanjin training sessions is associated with decreased anxiety and depression levels. Methods: both English and Chinese databases were searched for potential studies published between January 1982 and October 2017. The eligible rand...
Published on Sep 1, 2016in Ageing Research Reviews10.39
Ken Nagata25
Estimated H-index: 25
Takashi Yamazaki4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 4 AuthorsYuichi Sato2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract Cerebral circulation is known to be protected by the regulatory function against the hypoperfusion that will affect the cognitive function as a result of brain ischemia and energy failure. The regulatory function includes cerebrovascular autoregulation, chemical control, metabolic control, and neurogenic control, and those compensatory mechanisms can be influenced by hypertension, atherosclerosis, cardiac diseases, cerebrovascular diseases and aging. On the other hand, large and/or smal...
Published on Jul 1, 2016in Neurosciences (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)
Azra Zafar4
Estimated H-index: 4
Fahd A. Al-Khamis2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 2 AuthorsAmir H. Msmar1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract To identify the different subtypes of acute ischemic stroke, and estimate the frequency of various risk factors among these patients. In this retrospective, cross-sectional study, we reviewed the medical records of patients admitted with the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke at King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia from March 2008 till December 2015. The demographic characteristics, subtypes of stroke, risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemi...
Hongtao Yu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Wright State University),
George P. Huang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Wright State University)
+ 2 AuthorsBryan Ludwig4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Wright State University)
Age-associated alterations in cardiovascular structure and function induce cardiovascular disease in elderly subjects. To investigate the effects of normal vascular aging (NVA) and early vascular aging (EVA) on hemodynamic characteristics in the circle of Willis (CoW), a closed-loop one-dimensional computational model was developed based on fluid mechanics in the vascular system. The numerical simulations revealed that higher central pulse pressure and augmentation index (AIx) appear in the EVA ...
Published on Jun 1, 2016in Breathe
Martijn A. Spruit43
Estimated H-index: 43
(University of Hasselt),
Chris Burtin20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Hasselt)
+ 4 AuthorsFrits M.E. Franssen28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UM: Maastricht University)
Key points Physiological changes are observed following a structured exercise training programme in patients with COPD, without changes in resting lung function. Exercise training is the cornerstone of a comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation programme in patients with COPD. Most comorbidities in patients referred for pulmonary rehabilitation remain undiagnosed and untreated. After careful screening, it is safe for COPD patients with comorbidities to obtain significant and clinically relevant im...
Published on May 1, 2016in Stroke6.05
Muhammad Suri13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
Ye Qiao17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Johns Hopkins University)
+ 9 AuthorsAlvaro Alonso60
Estimated H-index: 60
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
Background and Purpose—Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is a common cause of stroke, but little is known about its epidemiology. We studied the prevalence of ICAS and its association with vascular risk factors using high-resolution magnetic resonance angiography in a US cardiovascular cohort. Methods—The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study recruited participants from 4 US communities from 1987 to 1989. Using stratified sampling, we selected 1980 participants from visit 5...
Published on Nov 1, 2015in Anesthesiology6.42
Lingzhong Meng7
Estimated H-index: 7
Wugang Hou1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsAdrian W. Gelb27
Estimated H-index: 27
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) is rigorously regulated by various powerful mechanisms to safeguard the match between cerebral metabolic demand and supply. The question of how a change in cardiac output (CO) affects CBF is fundamental, because CBF is dependent on constantly receiving a significant proport
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism6.04
F. Grüne9
Estimated H-index: 9
(EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam),
S. Kazmaier19
Estimated H-index: 19
+ 2 AuthorsAndreas Weyland19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Oldenburg)
In addition to cerebrovascular resistance (CVR) zero flow pressure (ZFP), effective cerebral perfusion pressure (CPPe) and the resistance area product (RAP) are supplemental determinants of cerebral blood flow (CBF). Until now, the interrelationship of PaCO2 -induced changes in CBF, CVR, CPPe, ZFP, and RAP is not fully understood. In a controlled crossover trial, we investigated 10 anesthetized patients aiming at PaCO2 levels of 30, 37, 43, and 50 mm Hg. Cerebral blood flow was measured with a m...
Published on Apr 2, 2015in The New England Journal of Medicine70.67
Gregory A. Roth50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UW: University of Washington),
Mohammad H. Forouzanfar56
Estimated H-index: 56
(UW: University of Washington)
+ 6 AuthorsChristopher Margono150
Estimated H-index: 150
(UW: University of Washington)
Background Global deaths from cardiovascular disease are increasing as a result of population growth, the aging of populations, and epidemiologic changes in disease. Disentangling the effects of these three drivers on trends in mortality is important for planning the future of the health care system and benchmarking progress toward the reduction of cardiovascular disease. Methods We used mortality data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, which includes data on 188 countries grouped int...
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