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Vertebrate remains from the Insect Limestone (latest Eocene), Isle of Wight, UK

Published on Jan 23, 2019in Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of The Royal Society of Edinburgh1.84
路 DOI :10.1017/s1755691018000488
Jerry J. Hooker , Susan E. Evans38
Estimated H-index: 38
,
Paul G. Davis
Abstract
  • References (12)
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References12
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#1Andrew J. Ross (National Museum of Scotland)H-Index: 18
#2Angela Self (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 12
The Insect Limestone has long been known as a source of exquisitely preserved insects and other arthropods. It occurs on the north side of the Isle of Wight and is latest Eocene in age. A summary of the history of the study of the Insect Limestone is given, along with detailed stratigraphical and sedimentological information. This paper is the first in a thematic set of papers.
10 CitationsSource
Latest Eocene fossil plant remains occur in concentrations within blue-grey micrite known as Insect Limestone near the base of the Bembridge Marls Member (Bouldnor Formation, Solent Group), Isle of Wight, southern England. Some of the previously reported taxa (collections in the Natural History Museum, London) are not preserved within the Insect Limestone. These (e.g., all Arecaceae (palms)) are excluded from the floral list. New non-destructive techniques have yielded additional taxonomic infor...
4 CitationsSource
Molluscs from the Insect Limestone of the Bembridge Marls Member are described. The gastropods Lymnaea ( Galba ) longiscata (Brongniart 1810 ), Planorbarius discus (Edwards 1852 ), Gyraulus similis Ferussac, 1814 , Hippeutis headonensis Jodot, 1942 , Viviparus lentus (Solander 1766 ) and Viviparus angulosus (J. Sowerby 1817 ) indicate freshwater alkaline conditions. The cerithioid gastropod Tarebia acuta (J. Sowerby 1822) probably represent more brackish conditions. Polymesoda ( Pseudocyrena ) o...
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#1Andrew B. Heckert (ASU: Appalachian State University)H-Index: 19
#2Jessica A. Miller-Camp (ASU: Appalachian State University)H-Index: 1
Tooth enamel microstructure can carry significant phylogenetic, ontogenetic, and functional information within amniotes. Here we provide the first descriptions of the tooth enamel microstructure of two Late Triassic taxa, the crurotarsan Revueltosaurus callenderi Hunt and the putative ornithischian Krzyzanowskisaurus hunti (Heckert), which some consider closely related. To test the hypotheses that enamel thickness corresponds to function and/or phylogeny we analyzed the enamel of each at various...
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#1Andrej Cernansky (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 10
ABSTRACT This paper reports on the first record of cordylid lizards from the locality of Merkur-North. The fossil history of girdled lizards is very poorly known and this group was rare during the Lower Miocene in Europe. The fossils described herein come from grey calcareous marls at the base of the so-called 鈥淢ain Brown Coal Seam鈥. These marls are interpreted as reworked volcanic ash and the sediments are considered as early Miocene in age and are precisely equated with the MN 3a zone. For thi...
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#1Jean-Claude Rage (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 27
The fauna of amphibians and squamates during the Eocene in western Europe resulted initially from the addition of an old, ante-Eocene fauna, and of a new fauna that arrived as a big wave of dispersals at the beginning of the Eocene (MP 7). These dispersals were likely favoured by the tropical climate. The fauna, as a whole, included taxa with Laurasian affinities, some of which indicate relationships with North America. However, some taxa showed South American affinities. The subsequent fauna (M...
23 CitationsSource
#1Marc Aug茅 (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 9
#2Richard SmithH-Index: 11
A diverse, new lizard assemblage from the early Oligocene of Belgium is described. The Boutersem railway local fauna is the most species-rich lizard assemblage yet reported from the European early Oligocene. Four lizard taxa are present: Lacertidae, Anguidae, Scincoidea and Platynota. One new species is described, Folisaurus boutersemensis sp. nov. This fauna provides new insight into the profound turnover that took place during the Eocene/Oligocene boundary in Europe. The new fauna confirms a m...
41 CitationsSource
#1Katerina Vasileiadou (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 6
#2Jerry J. Hooker (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 20
Last. Margaret E. Collinson (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 44
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Abstract A taphonomic study has been undertaken on an assemblage of bones and teeth of Isoptychus sp. and Thalerimys fordi (extinct rodent family Theridomyidae) from a single bed in a coastal plain setting, in the Late Eocene (Priabonian) Osborne Member, Headon Hill Formation (Hampshire Basin, UK). The vertebrate fossils show good preservation and do not bear the marks of obvious long distance transport. The two theridomyid species show similar patterns of mortality, element representation and s...
8 CitationsSource
#1Annelise Folie (Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences)H-Index: 12
#2Bernard Sig茅 (UCBL: Claude Bernard University Lyon 1)H-Index: 20
Last. Thierry Smith (Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences)H-Index: 25
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Well-preserved jaw fragments and skull bones of a new scincomorphan lizard are described from the continental Hainin Formation (Middle Palaeocene) of the Mons Basin in southwestern Belgium. This taxon, Scincoideus haininensis gen. et sp. nov., is characterised by vermiculate dermal rugosities and represents the earliest formally recognised scincoid in Europe. It differs from cordylids (girdled lizards) by lacking the parietal downgrowth and differs from scincids (skinks) by having robustly built...
21 CitationsSource
#1Stephen T. Grimes (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 17
#2Margaret E. Collinson (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 44
Last. Dave Lowry (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 34
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Abstract Carbon isotope analyses were conducted on the teeth of four species of rodents and associated plant fossils from the Late Eocene鈥揈arly Oligocene Solent Group of the Hampshire Basin, UK. Results indicate that there is no detectable difference in the overall mean 未 13 C values between permanent cheek teeth of the two species of theridomyid, Thalerimys fordi and Isoptychus sp. This accords with their very similar teeth that indicate comparable diets. However, the teeth of the two species o...
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