Excessive availability for work: Good or bad? Charting underlying motivations and searching for game-changers

Published on Dec 1, 2019in Human Resource Management Review
· DOI :10.1016/j.hrmr.2019.01.003
Cary L. Cooper96
Estimated H-index: 96
(University of Manchester),
Luo Lu38
Estimated H-index: 38
(NTU: National Taiwan University)
Abstract “Excessive availability for work” (hereafter EAW), or overwork is multi-faceted in nature, and encompasses behavioral manifestations such as long working hours (including overtime work), sickness presenteeism (SP), leavism, and teleworking (working on mobile devices outside the workplace and during off-time) as a few prevalent observations. To facilitate systematic research in the field, a broad framework needs to be formulated to explain, predict, and understand the phenomena. We thus introduce a motivational theoretical perspective on EAW to explain the underlying psychological process of such an act as a practice of human agency at work. This exercise of human agency sets motion the dynamic process actualizing both potential costs as well as benefits of EAW, over an extended period of time. We based our theoretical formulation on the proposition of the general model of values and work ( Roe & Ester, 1999 ) and the basic tenet of the self-determination theory (SDT, Deci & Ryan, 1985 ). In particular, we adopted the autonomous-controlled orientation as an individual difference construct, linking it with intrinsic/extrinsic work values. These divergent work values then express themselves in the act of voluntary/involuntary EAW, motivated by the individual's strive to satisfy basic human needs of autonomy, competency, and relatedness. It is these distinct motivations that finally determine the good or bad outcomes, possibly varying in different frame of time. We further acknowledged that many environmental and personal factors could act as moderators in the self-motivational/regulatory process and alter the good or bad outcomes of EAW. We used psychological detachment as a moderator to serve as an illustration, and encouraged future concerted research applying our theoretical model.
  • References (100)
  • Citations (0)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1 Citations
1 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Sabine SonnentagH-Index: 1
1 Citations
#1Chas CritcherH-Index: 1
3 CitationsSource
#1Almuth McDowall (Birkbeck, University of London)H-Index: 11
#2Gail Kinman (University of Bedfordshire)H-Index: 22
Purpose Rapid developments in the field of information communication technology (ICT) mean that e-working has become increasingly common and prolonged – the “always-on-culture” potential to enhance work-life balance via increased flexibility in terms of time and location, as well as posing the risk of being “always on” has been identified with potentially serious implications for the health and performance of employees. The authors identify a research agenda as a starting point for reviewing cur...
4 CitationsSource
#1Luo LuH-Index: 1
#2Chun-Yi ChouH-Index: 1
1 CitationsSource
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to deepen conceptual understanding of how employee wellbeing is identified and categorised in the workplace, and how management information is used to target workplace interventions. Design/methodology/approach This is a conceptual paper reviewing and discussing contemporary literature and practice, with a focus on themes congruent with employee needs and organisational intervention options in relation to wellbeing. This paper considers wellbeing in the conte...
3 CitationsSource
#1Johannes Wendsche (Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)H-Index: 4
#2Andrea Lohmann-Haislah (Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)H-Index: 3
Detachment from work has been proposed as an important nonwork experience helping employees to recover from work demands. This meta-analysis (86 publications, k = 91 independent study samples, N = 38,124 employees) examined core antecedents and outcomes of detachment in employee samples. With regard to outcomes, results indicated average positive correlations between detachment and self-reported mental (i.e., less exhaustion, higher life satisfaction, more well-being, better sleep) and physical ...
26 CitationsSource
ABSTRACTStudies have identified availability for work during non-work time as a widespread demand that is related to impaired well-being. Whereas existing research results are based on cross-sectional designs, the present study applied a three-wave longitudinal design to improve interpretations of the direction and causation of the effects of extended work availability. In addition, this study investigated mediating processes such as the reduction of psychological detachment and the increase in ...
10 CitationsSource
#1Qin Zhou (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 30
#2Luis F. Martinez (NOVA: Universidade Nova de Lisboa)H-Index: 10
Last. Piedade RodriguesH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Integrating the social informational processing perspective and conservation of resources theory, we proposed and examined the impact of supervisor support and role ambiguity on productivity associated with presenteeism and the mediating effect of role ambiguity on the link between supervisor support and productivity associated with presenteeism. The results based on the longitudinal data from 99 employees from an IT consulting company showed that role ambiguity was negatively related to product...
25 CitationsSource
#1Mariella Miraglia (UEA: University of East Anglia)H-Index: 7
#2Gary Johns (Concordia University)H-Index: 33
Interest in presenteeism, attending work while ill, has flourished in light of its consequences for individual well-being and organizational productivity. Our goal was to identify its most significant causes and correlates by quantitatively summarizing the extant research. Additionally, we built an empirical model of some key correlates and compared the etiology of presenteeism versus absenteeism. We used meta-analysis (in total, K = 109 samples, N = 175,965) to investigate the correlates of pre...
65 CitationsSource
#1Cary L. Cooper (University of Manchester)H-Index: 96
#2Luo LuH-Index: 38
Purpose – Presenteeism occurs when people are physically present in the workplace but are functionally absent (Cooper, 1996). With evidence from the developed West, researchers have argued that being excessively present may be even costlier than absenteeism to employers (Burton et al., 2006; Hemp, 2004). However, research on presenteeism in the East is almost non-existent. With the strong Confucius cultural imperative for hard work, the prevailing pressure for working long hours, compounded with...
16 CitationsSource
Cited By0
#1Rory Donnelly (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 10
#2Jennifer Johns (UoB: University of Bristol)
AbstractContinuing advances in digital technology are producing widespread changes in work and its management, particularly where work is performed away from an employer’s premises through remote w...