Relational victimization and peer affiliate prosocial behaviors in African American adolescents: Moderating effects of gender and antisocial behavior

Published on Feb 1, 2019in Journal of Adolescence2.35
· DOI :10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.01.002
Julie C. Rusby13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Oregon Research Institute),
Michael J. Mason19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UT: University of Tennessee)
+ 5 AuthorsBrian R. Flay76
Estimated H-index: 76
(OSU: Oregon State University)
Abstract Introduction Experiencing relational victimization (e.g., peer exclusion, untrue rumors) during adolescence can have negative social–emotional consequences, including increased antisocial behavior and substance use. The negative impact of relational victimization may be lessened by spending time with supportive, prosocial peers. Methods This study examined the concurrent and predictive associations between relational victimization and peer affiliates' prosocial behaviors in 244 predominately African American adolescents (ages 13–14) living in U.S. urban neighborhoods. Questionnaires were collected every six months for two years. Overt victimization was controlled for in the analysis and the moderation of gender and antisocial behaviors were tested. Results Peer affiliates' prosocial behavior was stable across the two years. Relational victimization was not associated with peers' prosocial behavior at baseline or across time. Gender did not moderate the association between relational victimization and peers' prosocial behavior. Moderating effects were found for antisocial behavior; relational victimization was positively associated with peer affiliates' prosocial behavior but only for adolescents who were low on antisocial behavior at baseline. Conclusions For African American youth, efforts to reduce relational aggression and increase peer support in prosocial activities prior to adolescence may be useful for preventing social–emotional problems.
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Published on Mar 1, 2017in Child Development5.02
Deborah M. Casper8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UA: University of Alabama),
Noel A. Card30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UConn: University of Connecticut)
This meta-analytic review includes 135 studies, representing 17 countries, of child and adolescent (ages 4–17) samples of overt and relational peer victimization and examines the magnitude of overlap between forms of victimization and associations with five social–psychological adjustment indices. Results indicate a strong intercorrelation between forms of victimization (r¯ = .72). No gender difference with regard to relational victimization was found, but boys were slightly higher in overt vict...
Published on Feb 1, 2017in Journal of Adolescence2.35
Wendy Troop-Gordon23
Estimated H-index: 23
(NDSU: North Dakota State University)
Abstract Since Dan Olweus's seminal work on bullying in the 1970's (Olweus, 1978), there has been a concerted effort by investigators to identify the confluence of factors that contribute to peer victimization and its role in psychosocial development. Although the cause and consequences of peer victimization may include underlying, age-invariant processes, the manifestation of these factors is, in part, driven by the developmental stage being studied. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of peer ...
Published on Jun 1, 2016in Journal of Research on Adolescence2.07
Kathryn C. Monahan22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Pittsburgh),
Cathryn Booth-LaForce29
Estimated H-index: 29
(UW: University of Washington)
Although research has suggested strong continuity in children's adaptive or maladaptive behavior with peers across the transition to adolescence, less is known about deflected developmental pathways of peer social competence across this transition. This study investigates how mother-child and best friend relationship quality predict the deflection of youth from adaptive to maladaptive behavior with peers or the reverse. Using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N...
Published on Nov 1, 2014in Aggressive Behavior2.55
Pamela Orpinas24
Estimated H-index: 24
Caroline McNicholas2
Estimated H-index: 2
Lusine Nahapetyan10
Estimated H-index: 10
Relational aggression refers to harming others through damaging or manipulating peer relationships. In a cohort of students surveyed annually from middle to high school, this study identified groups of adolescents who followed distinct trajectories of perpetration and of victimization of relational aggression, compared the proportion of boys and girls in each trajectory, and examined the overlap between perpetration and victimization trajectories. The sample consisted of 620 randomly selected si...
Published on Jun 1, 2014in Journal of Research on Adolescence2.07
John M. Light12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Oregon Research Institute),
Julie C. Rusby13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Oregon Research Institute)
+ 1 AuthorsTom A. B. Snijders59
Estimated H-index: 59
(UG: University of Groningen)
Antisocial behavior—delinquency, rule-breaking, and aggressive conduct—has been studied longitudinally in adolescent populations for decades (e.g., Jessor & Jessor, 1977; Klein, 1997). Steady increases in antisocial behavior have been found from age 12 to about age 15 or 16 in community samples (Jessor & Jessor, 1977; Loeber & Burke, 2011; Nagin & Tremblay, 1999; Patterson & Yoerger, 2002). This pattern of change has been attributed to a concomitant increase in negative and oppositional relation...
Published on Jan 3, 2014in Annual Review of Psychology19.75
Sarah-Jayne Blakemore S-J64
Estimated H-index: 64
(UCL: University College London),
Kathryn L. Mills16
Estimated H-index: 16
(NIH: National Institutes of Health)
Adolescence is a period of formative biological and social transition. Social cognitive processes involved in navigating increasingly complex and intimate relationships continue to develop throughout adolescence. Here, we describe the functional and structural changes occurring in the brain during this period of life and how they relate to navigating the social environment. Areas of the social brain undergo both structural changes and functional reorganization during the second decade of life, p...
Published on Jan 1, 2014in School Psychology Quarterly2.08
Thomas F. Smithyman1
Estimated H-index: 1
Gary D. Fireman9
Estimated H-index: 9
Yvonne Asher3
Estimated H-index: 3
Prior research has demonstrated that victims of peer victimization show reduced psychological adjustment, social adjustment, and physical well-being compared with nonvictims. However, little research has addressed whether this maladjustment continues over the long term. This study examined adjustment in 72 high school students who had participated in a peer-nomination procedure assessing peer victimization when in elementary school (5 to 8 years earlier). Thirty-five high school students who had...
Published on Jun 1, 2013in Journal of Early Adolescence1.75
Stephanie V. Wormington8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Reed College),
Kristen G. Anderson26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Reed College)
+ 1 AuthorsSandra A. Brown94
Estimated H-index: 94
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
The current study examined the impact of supportive social relationships (i.e., teacher support, adult support, school relatedness) and peer victimization on middle school students' substance use. Over 3,000 middle school students reported on alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use, supportive social relationships, and instances in which they were the victim of aggressive behavior. Mixed-effects logit regression analyses revealed complementary patterns of results across types of substances. Studen...
Published on Jan 1, 2013
Andrew F. Hayes40
Estimated H-index: 40
(OSU: Ohio State University)
Part I: Fundamental Concepts. Introduction. A Scientist in Training. Questions of Whether, If, How, and When. Conditional Process Analysis. Correlation, Causality, and Statistical Modeling. Statistical Software. Overview of this Book. Chapter Summary. Simple Linear Regression. Correlation and Prediction. The Simple Linear Regression Equation. Statistical Inference. Assumptions for Interpretation and Statistical Inference. Chapter Summary. Multiple Linear Regression. The Multiple Linear Regressio...
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