Superposition coded OFDM transmissions in a downlink cooperative relay network based on statistical channel state information
Non-orthogonal multiple access has recently emerged as a promising multiple access technique for future wireless technology. In this study, the authors investigate superposition coding in a downlink cooperative cellular system based on the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) modulation in the presence of frequency selective multipath fading channels, a setup that has not been studied before. Specifically, the base station communicates with two paired mobile users simultaneously via the OFDM modulation with the help of a half-duplex relay under either the decode-and-forward (DF) or amplify-and-forward (AF) scheme, where the power allocation between two mobile users depends on the statistical channel state information (CSI) rather than perfect CSI. They derive the ergodic rate regions under Rayleigh fading channels and present an ad-hoc approach to determine the power splitting parameters when the target data rates are given. Simulation results based on the outage probabilities show that superposition coding consistently outperforms frequency division, however, the relative advantage of the DF and AF schemes in a superposition-coded OFDM relay system depends on the system geometry.