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Correcting the R165K substitution in the first voltage-sensor of CaV1.1 right-shifts the voltage-dependence of skeletal muscle calcium channel activation

Published on Jan 1, 2019in Channels2.289
· DOI :10.1080/19336950.2019.1568825
Yousra El Ghaleb1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Marta Campiglio10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Bernhard E. Flucher37
Estimated H-index: 37
Abstract
ABSTRACTThe voltage-gated calcium channel CaV1.1a primarily functions as voltage-sensor in skeletal muscle excitation-contraction (EC) coupling. In embryonic muscle the splice variant CaV1.1e, which lacks exon 29, additionally function as a genuine L-type calcium channel. Because previous work in most laboratories used a CaV1.1 expression plasmid containing a single amino acid substitution (R165K) of a critical gating charge in the first voltage-sensing domain (VSD), we corrected this substitution and analyzed its effects on the gating properties of the L-type calcium currents in dysgenic myotubes. Reverting K165 to R right-shifted the voltage-dependence of activation by ~12 mV in both CaV1.1 splice variants without changing their current amplitudes or kinetics. This demonstrates the exquisite sensitivity of the voltage-sensor function to changes in the specific amino acid side chains independent of their charge. Our results further indicate the cooperativity of VSDs I and IV in determining the voltage-se...
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Abstract Excitation-contraction coupling is the signaling process by which action potentials control calcium release and consequently the force of muscle contraction. Until recently, three triad proteins were known to be essential for skeletal muscle EC coupling: the voltage-gated calcium channel CaV1.1 acting as voltage sensor, the SR calcium release channel RyR1 representing the only relevant calcium source, and the auxiliary CaV β1a subunit. Whether CaV1.1 and RyR1 are directly coupled or whe...
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ABSTRACTVoltage-dependent calcium channels (CaV) activate over a wide range of membrane potentials, and the voltage-dependence of activation of specific channel isoforms is exquisitely tuned to their diverse functions in excitable cells. Alternative splicing further adds to the stunning diversity of gating properties. For example, developmentally regulated insertion of an alternatively spliced exon 29 in the fourth voltage-sensing domain (VSD IV) of CaV1.1 right-shifts voltage-dependence of acti...
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Mutations of Ca V 1.1, the pore-forming subunit of the L-type Ca 2+ channel in skeletal muscle, are an established cause of hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HypoPP). However, functional assessment of HypoPP mutant channels has been hampered by difficulties in achieving sufficient plasma membrane expression in cells that are not of muscle origin. In this study, we show that coexpression of Stac3 dramatically increases the expression of human Ca V 1.1 (plus α 2 -δ 1b and β 1a subunits) at the plasm...
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Skeletal muscle excitation–contraction (EC) coupling is initiated by sarcolemmal depolarization, which is translated into a conformational change of the dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR), which in turn activates sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release to trigger muscle contraction. During EC coupling, the mammalian DHPR embraces functional duality, as voltage sensor and l-type Ca2+ channel. Although its unique role as voltage sensor for conformational EC coupling is firmly established, the conven...
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In order to specify the role of individual S4 segments in CaV1.2 gating, charged residues of segments IS4-IVS4 were replaced by glutamine and the corresponding effects on activation/deactivation of calcium channel currents were analysed. Almost all replacements of charges in IS4 and IIIS4 decreased the slope of the Boltzmann curve of channel activation (activation curve) while charge neutralisations in IIS4 and IVS4 did not significantly affect the slope. S4 mutations caused either left or right...
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The cryo-electron microscopy structure of the rabbit voltage-gated calcium channel Cav1.1 complex at a nominal resolution of 3.6 angstroms.
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#1Petronel Tuluc (University of Innsbruck)H-Index: 16
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Alternative splicing of the skeletal muscle CaV1.1 voltage-gated calcium channel gives rise to two channel variants with very different gating properties. The currents of both channels activate slowly; however, insertion of exon 29 in the adult splice variant CaV1.1a causes an ∼30-mV right shift in the voltage dependence of activation. Existing evidence suggests that the S3–S4 linker in repeat IV (containing exon 29) regulates voltage sensitivity in this voltage-sensing domain (VSD) by modulatin...
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Skeletal muscle excitation-contraction (EC) coupling is independent of calcium influx. In fact alternative splicing of the voltage-gated calcium channel CaV1.1 actively suppresses calcium currents in mature muscle. Whether this is necessary for normal development and function of muscle is not known. However, splicing defects causing aberrant expression of the calcium-conducting developmental CaV1.1e splice variant correlate with muscle weakness in myotonic dystrophy. Here we deleted CaV1.1 exon ...
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Abstract CaV3.2 calcium channels play important roles in both neural excitability and aldosterone secretion. Recent clinical studies found four germline mutations (S196 L, M1549I, V1951E and P2083 L) in CaV3.2 channels. All four mutations caused primary aldosteronism (PA), while only the M1549I mutation resulted in obvious neural malfunctions besides PA. In human, there are two major CaV3.2 channel gene (CACNA1H) splice variants, either with or without exon 26. In this study, we tested the expre...
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