Effects of an individual cow concentrate strategy on production and behavior

Published on Mar 1, 2019in Journal of Dairy Science3.082
· DOI :10.3168/jds.2018-15477
Julie Cherono Schmidt Henriksen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(AU: Aarhus University),
Martin Riis Weisbjerg11
Estimated H-index: 11
(AU: Aarhus University)
+ 2 AuthorsLene Munksgaard26
Estimated H-index: 26
(AU: Aarhus University)
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a concentrate strategy based on the individual cow partial mixed ration (PMR) intake compared with a flat rate. Half of the cows were fed the individual concentrate strategy, whereas the other half were fed the control strategy. The individually fed cows were offered a concentrate proportion equal to 30% of the ad libitum intake of the PMR in the automatic milking system, and the control cows were offered 3 kg of concentrate/d in the automatic milking system. The cows (83 Holstein and 64 Jersey), kept in 2 separate groups, were blocked between the treatments according to expected calving date, breed, and parity and were randomly divided between treatments. Lactation was divided into 3 periods (early, mid, and late lactation), and the MIXED and GLIMMIX procedures in SAS (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC) were used to analyze the production and behavioral responses. The response trajectories during lactation were analyzed with a MIXED procedure fitted by Wilmink parameters. The individually fed cows had a higher concentrate intake and a lower PMR intake than control cows. Moreover, the total dry matter intake and energy-corrected milk yield did not differ between concentrate strategies. The actual average concentrate intake reached 19% of the PMR intake during mid lactation and not 30% of the PMR intake, as intended with the strategy. This was due to leftovers and lower allocation than intended. The cow behavior did not differ between concentrate strategies. However, variation in PMR intake and eating rate between cows fed individually was lower during mid lactation and lower for lying bouts during early lactation compared with control cows. This may indicate that an individual cow concentrate strategy results in a more stable PMR intake and time budget, which potentially could improve welfare, but this needs further investigation. The overall conclusion is that the cows were robust to adjustments in the concentrate allowance.
  • References (38)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
5 Citations
35 Citations
1 Author (William Taylor)
2 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1J. C. Henriksen (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 1
#2Lene Munksgaard (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 26
Lying behaviour is important for the welfare of the cow. Therefore, reliable electronic devices may improve the management of the cows, and the devices can be used as a tool in research. However, accelerometer-based devices measure acceleration, and an algorithm is therefore necessary for the calculation of lying behaviour. Thus, validation of such devices is imperative prior to use. The objective of this study was to validate the use of the AfiTagII device for measurements of the lying time and...
1 CitationsSource
#1Julie Cherono Schmidt Henriksen (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 1
#2Lene Munksgaard (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 26
Last. Martin Riis Weisbjerg (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term responses of dairy cows during periods of change in the concentrate allowance in an automatic milking system. The experiment had a design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement including 2 types of concentrates and 2 amounts of concentrates (type O: mix of pelleted concentrate and steamrolled, acidified barley; type S: pelleted) in amounts of 3 and 6 kg/d. The experiment length was 11 wk. The concentrate type changed between wk 6 and 7...
3 CitationsSource
#1C. Johnston (U of G: University of Guelph)H-Index: 1
#2Trevor J. DeVries (U of G: University of Guelph)H-Index: 31
ABSTRACT Identification of the associations of cow feeding behavior with productivity is important for supporting recommendations of strategies that optimize milk yield and composition. The objective of this study was to identify associations between measures of feeding behavior and milk production using data collated from studies of the feeding behavior of lactating dairy cows. A database containing behavior and production data for 132 dairy cow-week observations (mean of 7 d of consecutive dat...
5 CitationsSource
#1David J. Schingoethe (South Dakota State University)H-Index: 42
ABSTRACT Total mixed rations (TMR) as we know them today did not exist in 1917. In fact, TMR are an invention of primarily the last half of the past 100 yr. Prior to that time many dairy herds were fed only forages, but dairy producers started moving toward TMR feeding as milk production per cow increased, herds became larger, freestall and large-group handling of cows became more common, and milking parlors became more prevalent. The earliest known reports in the Journal of Dairy Science of fee...
3 CitationsSource
#1Marianne G. Johansen (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 7
#2Karen Søegaard (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 16
Last. Martin Riis Weisbjerg (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACT This study examined how silages of different grass and clover species affect dry matter (DM) intake, milk production, and eating behavior in dairy cows. The primary growth of perennial ryegrass (early and late harvested), festulolium, tall fescue, red clover, and white clover swards were cut, wilted, and ensiled without additives. Thirty-six Danish Holstein cows were fed ad libitum with total mixed rations containing 70% forage on DM basis in an incomplete Latin square design. The forag...
5 CitationsSource
#1Jarissa MaselyneH-Index: 4
#2Matti PastellH-Index: 19
Last. Lene Munksgaard (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 26
view all 8 authors...
Abstract Lying behaviour in dairy cows has the potential to be used for welfare assessment or problem detection, but knowledge about variation in normal lying behaviour is scarce. Accelerometer data were collected at four Danish farms from 366 Holstein dairy cows in loose-housing systems in 2008 and 2009. Daily lying time decreased steeply during early lactation to a minimum around four weeks after calving, followed by a steady increase towards the end of lactation. Motion index and step frequen...
17 CitationsSource
#1A. J. DaleH-Index: 3
#2S. McGettrickH-Index: 2
Last. C. P. FerrisH-Index: 5
view all 4 authors...
The objective of this study was to examine the performance of grazing Holstein–Friesian dairy cows when equal quantities of concentrates were offered using either a flat-rate or a feed-to-yield allocation strategy. The study involved fifty-six cows (twenty primiparous and thirty-six multiparous) and continued for 122 d, with concentrate feed levels adjusted on five occasions during the study (every four weeks approximately). Total concentrate intake over the duration of the study was 463 and 525...
4 CitationsSource
#1M.W. Little ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 3
#2Niamh O'Connell ('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)H-Index: 20
Last. C. P. FerrisH-Index: 5
view all 3 authors...
Abstract A diverse range of concentrate allocation strategies are adopted on dairy farms. The objectives of this study were to examine the effects on cow performance [dry matter (DM) intake (DMI), milk yield and composition, body tissue changes, and fertility] of adopting 2 contrasting concentrate allocation strategies over the first 140 d of lactation. Seventy-seven Holstein-Friesian dairy cows were allocated to 1 of 2 concentrate allocation strategies at calving, namely group or individual cow...
5 CitationsSource
#1D. Lawrence (Teagasc)H-Index: 1
#2Michael O'Donovan (Teagasc)H-Index: 27
Last. Emer Kennedy (Teagasc)H-Index: 18
view all 5 authors...
The objective of this experiment was to compare the effects of two concentrate feeding strategies offered with a grass silage and maize silage diet on the dry matter (DM) intake, milk production (MP) and estimated energy balance of autumn calved dairy cows. Over a 2-year period, 180 autumn calving Holstein Friesian cows were examined. Within year, cows were blocked into three MP sub-groups ( n =9) (high (HMP), medium (MMP) and low (LMP)) based on the average MP data from weeks 3 and 4 of lactati...
1 CitationsSource
#1P.J. PurcellH-Index: 2
#2R.A. LawH-Index: 1
Last. C.P. FerrisH-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
Abstract The objective of the current study was to determine the effects of concentrate feeding method on milk yield and composition, dry matter (DM) intake (DMI), body weight and body condition score, reproductive performance, energy balance, and blood metabolites of housed (i.e., accommodated indoors) dairy cows in early to mid lactation. Eighty-eight multiparous Holstein-Friesian cows were managed on 1 of 4 concentrate feeding methods (CFM; 22 cows per CFM) for the first 21 wk postpartum. Cow...
9 CitationsSource
Cited By1
#1A.J. Schwanke (U of G: University of Guelph)
#2K.M. Dancy (U of G: University of Guelph)H-Index: 1
Last. Trevor J. DeVries (U of G: University of Guelph)H-Index: 31
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine whether the amount of concentrate allowance in an automated milking system (AMS) affects partial mixed ration (PMR) sorting behavior, milking activity, and production of lactating dairy cows fed isocaloric diets. Fifteen primiparous Holstein cows were used in a crossover design with 28-d periods, including 14 d of adaptation and 14 d of data collection. The cows were housed in a free-stall pen with free-traffic access to the AMS. Treatments c...