Match!

Artificial intelligence in healthcare robots: A social informatics study of knowledge embodiment

Published on Apr 1, 2019in Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology2.738
· DOI :10.1002/ASI.24145
Loo Geok Pee13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NTU: Nanyang Technological University),
Shan Ling Pan37
Estimated H-index: 37
(UNSW: University of New South Wales),
Lili Cui3
Estimated H-index: 3
(SUFE: Shanghai University of Finance and Economics)
Sources
Abstract
Knowledge embodiment, taking a social informatics perspective, refers to the transformation of knowledge into a form in which its value becomes evident. Knowledge embodiment in robotic systems with artificial intelligence (AI robotic systems) actualizes the value of knowledge much more powerfully than other entities, potentially altering the connections among people or even displacing professionals. To understand the effects of knowledge embodiment in AI robotic systems on connections among people and technology, this study addresses 2 cumulative research questions: (i) What is the nature of knowledge embodiment, that is, how are knowledge and AI robots assembled for knowledge work? (ii) How does knowledge embodiment affect connections among people and technology (that is, social informatics)? A case study of a large hospital that has employed different AI robotic systems in many parts of its healthcare service provision process indicates 4 forms of knowledge embodiment, each with a distinct focus. Further, a social informatics analysis suggests four ways knowledge embodiment affects connections among people and technology and reveals related social and institutional issues that go beyond technological determinism. Implications of these findings for research on social informatics and information science are discussed.
  • References (36)
  • Citations (4)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2009
1 Author (Alina Dulipovici)
5 Citations
7 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References36
Newest
#1James ManyikaH-Index: 15
#2Susan LundH-Index: 5
Last. Saurabh SanghviH-Index: 1
view all 8 authors...
25 Citations
#1Elena Sousa-Ginel (Pablo de Olavide University)H-Index: 5
#2Noelia Franco-Leal (UCA: University of Cádiz)H-Index: 2
Last. Carmen Camelo-Ordaz (UCA: University of Cádiz)H-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
3 CitationsSource
#1Nam Yeon LeeH-Index: 3
#2Jeonghun Kim (Kyung Hee University)H-Index: 2
Last. Ohbyung Kwon (Kyung Hee University)H-Index: 18
view all 4 authors...
Particularly in the healthcare service domain, social robots are expected to be good assistants, advisers, or practitioners. To increase the effectiveness of healthcare services provided by social robots, patients must comply with their requests. Research is plentiful on what makes patients comply with healthcare advice. In this paper, which is based on Bulgurcu’s study of rationality-based beliefs, command-compliance theory, and social exchange theory, we propose a research model of compliance ...
11 CitationsSource
#1Maria Luisa Granados (University of Westminster)H-Index: 6
#2Souad Mohamed (University of Westminster)H-Index: 7
Last. Vlatka Hlupic (University of Westminster)H-Index: 21
view all 3 authors...
Purpose This paper aims to explore what social enterprises (SEs) in the UK know and how they acquire, convert, apply and protect this knowledge. This will enable them to manage their knowledge effectively and, hence, improve their practices and maximise the creation of social, environmental and economic value. Design/methodology/approach This study follows a qualitative approach, comprising 21 interviews with founders and senior members of SEs in the UK. Findings The results show that the invest...
16 CitationsSource
#1Carl Benedikt Frey (University of Oxford)H-Index: 10
#2Michael A. Osborne (University of Oxford)H-Index: 24
We examine how susceptible jobs are to computerisation. To assess this, we begin by implementing a novel methodology to estimate the probability of computerisation for 702 detailed occupations, using a Gaussian process classifier. Based on these estimates, we examine expected impacts of future computerisation on US labour market outcomes, with the primary objective of analysing the number of jobs at risk and the relationship between an occupations probability of computerisation, wages and educat...
1,397 CitationsSource
#1Michael ChuiH-Index: 9
#2James ManyikaH-Index: 15
Last. Mehdi MiremadiH-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
24 Citations
#1J. L. Navarro-Gonzalez (CINVESTAV)H-Index: 2
#2Ismael Lopez-Juarez (CINVESTAV)H-Index: 10
Last. K. Ordaz-Hernandez (CINVESTAV)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
Industrial robots are reliable machines for manufacturing tasks such as welding, panting, assembly, palletizing or kitting operations. They are traditionally programmed by an operator using a teach pendant in a point-to-point scheme with limited sensing capabilities such as industrial vision systems and force/torque sensing. The use of these sensing capabilities is associated to the particular robot controller, operative systems and programming language. Today, robots can react to environment ch...
13 CitationsSource
#1Jan M. Auernhammer (Edinburgh Napier University)H-Index: 2
#2Hazel Hall (Edinburgh Napier University)H-Index: 15
This paper draws on findings from an in-depth case study of practices related to the meeting of organizational goals pertinent to knowledge creation, creativity and innovation performance. Overall a mixed methods approach that used both quantitative and qualitative data was adopted in empirical research conducted within a large German manufacturing firm. A quantitative analysis of survey data highlighted factors necessary to nurture an environment conducive to knowledge creation, creativity and ...
41 CitationsSource
#1Arthur M. Glenberg (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 51
#2Jessica K. Witt (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 27
Last. Janet Metcalfe (Columbia University)H-Index: 48
view all 3 authors...
In 1988, the cognitive revolution had become institutionalized: Cognition was the manipulation of abstract symbols by rules. But, much like institutionalized political parties, some of the ideas were becoming stale. Where was action? Where was the self? How could cognition be smoothly integrated with emotions, with social psychology, with development, with clinical analyses? Around that time, thinkers in linguistics, philosophy, artificial intelligence, biology, and psychology were formulating t...
139 CitationsSource
#1Andrew D. Wilson (LBU: Leeds Beckett University)H-Index: 15
#2Sabrina Golonka (LBU: Leeds Beckett University)H-Index: 7
The most exciting hypothesis in cognitive science right now is the theory that cognition is embodied. Like all good ideas in cognitive science, however, embodiment immediately came to mean six different things. The most common definitions involve the straight-forward claim that “states of the body modify states of the mind.” However, the implications of embodiment are actually much more radical than this. If cognition can span the brain, body, and the environment, then the “states of mind” of di...
245 CitationsSource
Cited By4
Newest
#1Carsten Østerlund (SU: Syracuse University)H-Index: 12
#2Mohammad Hossein Jarrahi (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 13
Last. Christine T. Wolf (IBM)H-Index: 7
view all 5 authors...
Source
#1Roberto Grandinetti (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 18
Source
#1Shan Ling Pan (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 37
#2Loo Geok Pee (NTU: Nanyang Technological University)H-Index: 13
Last. L. G. Pee (NTU: Nanyang Technological University)H-Index: 1
view all 2 authors...
4 CitationsSource
#1Eric T. Meyer (University of Oxford)H-Index: 17
#2Kalpana Shankar (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 13
Last. Steven B Sawyer (SU: Syracuse University)H-Index: 6
view all 5 authors...
In the Introduction to this special issue on the Social Informatics of Knowledge, the editors of the issue reflect on the history of the term “social informatics” and how the articles in this issue both reflect and depart from the original concept. We examine how social informatics researchers have studied knowledge, computerization, and the workplace, and how all of those have evolved over time. We describe the process by which articles were included, how they help us understand the field of so...
3 CitationsSource