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The effect of the CHAMP intervention on fundamental motor skills and outdoor physical activity in preschoolers

Published on Mar 1, 2019in Journal of Sport and Health Science3.644
· DOI :10.1016/j.jshs.2018.12.003
Kara K. Palmer6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UM: University of Michigan),
Katherine M. Chinn2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UM: University of Michigan),
Leah E. Robinson19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UM: University of Michigan)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Purpose Physical activity (PA) and fundamental motor skills are important components of current and future trajectories of health in young children. This study examined the effects of a 5-week motor skill intervention on preschoolers’ motor skill competence and their PA behaviors while participating in the motor skills intervention or outdoor free-play (recess). Methods A total of 102 preschoolers served as participants and were part of a motor skill intervention group ( n  = 64) or a control/outdoor free-play group ( n  = 38). Children's motor skills were assessed before and after the intervention using the Test of Gross Motor Development - 3rd Edition. PA during the motor skill intervention and outdoor free-play was assessed using accelerometers both immediately before the start (baseline, Week 0 or Week 1) and end (late, Week 5 or Week 6) of the intervention. Results All children significantly improved their motor skills from baseline to late assessment ( p p p vs. intervention), but there was a significant effect of sex ( p vs. outdoor free-play) at either time point, but boys were more active than girls at the late assessment ( p Conclusion The 5-week motor skill intervention was effective at improving preschoolers’ motor skills and rates of change in motor skills were higher for children who completed the intervention compared with children in the control group. Preschoolers in the intervention did demonstrate PA changes while participating in the intervention, but these changes did not translate outside of the intervention setting.
  • References (36)
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References36
Newest
#1Leah E. Robinson (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 19
#2Kara K. Palmer (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 6
Last. Katherine M. Chinn (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACTPurpose: This feasibility study compared the effects of 2 movement programs, traditional and mastery climate (i.e., the Children’s Health Activity Motor Program [CHAMP]), on lesson context ...
2 CitationsSource
Background:This study examined the effects of three different treatment doses of a motor skill intervention (the Children’s Health Activity Motor Program [CHAMP]) on changes in preschoolers’ motor performance.Methods:Onehundred and nine children were divided into one of four groups: control and three CHAMP dosage groups: T1, 660 min; T2, 720 min; or T3, 900 min. Motor performance was assessed before and after the intervention using the Test of Gross Motor Development, 2nd Edition (TGMD-2). We us...
3 CitationsSource
#1Kara K. Palmer (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 6
#2Katherine M. Chinn (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 2
Last. Leah E. Robinson (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 19
view all 3 authors...
Background Over the past two decades, achievement goal theory (AGT) has been used as a theoretical framework to design and implement motor skill programming in young children.
6 CitationsSource
#1Nadia Cristina Valentini (UFRGS: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul)H-Index: 14
#2Licia Pierosan (UFRGS: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul)H-Index: 1
Last. Peter A. Hastie (AU: Auburn University)H-Index: 30
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACTBackground: Fundamental motor skill proficiency is essential for engagement in sports and physical play and in the development of a healthy lifestyle. Children with motor delays (with and without disabilities) lack the motor skills necessary to participate in games and physical activity, and tend to spend more time as onlookers than do their peers. As such, intervention programs are crucial in promoting motor skill development of children with motor delays. While mastery climate (MC) int...
7 CitationsSource
#1Abbey Van Capelle (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 1
#2Carolyn Broderick (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 13
Last. Belinda J. Parmenter (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 9
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Objectives Mastery in -fundamental motor skills (FMS) is associated with increased physical activity (PA) in school-aged children; however, there is limited research on pre-schoolers (3–5 years). We aimed to evaluate interventions for improving FMS as well as PA. Design/Methods A search of electronic databases was conducted for controlled trials using PA interventions with FMS as outcomes in healthy pre-schoolers. Standardised mean difference (SMD), 95% confidence intervals and publicat...
9 CitationsSource
#2Karen A. Pfeiffer (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 34
Last. David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
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Background:The current study evaluated the reciprocal longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and motor competence (MC) and the potential mediation of cardiorespiratory endurance across 7 years. Methods:This was a 7-year longitudinal study, the Copenhagen School Child Intervention Study (CoSCIS), with 3 measuring points [mean ages (in years) and respective sample size: 6.75 ± 0.37, n = 696; 9.59 ± 1.07, n = 617; 13.35 ± 0.34, n = 513]. PA was assessed using accelerometers. MC wa...
22 CitationsSource
#1Spyridoula Vazou (Iowa State University)H-Index: 11
#2Constantine Mantis (Iowa State University)H-Index: 2
Last. Jacqueline S Krogh (Iowa State University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Background The well-rounded development of the child, including physical, cognitive, emotional, and social health, may be the most efficient route to well-being and academic success. The primary goal was to investigate the feasibility of implementing a 12-week structured program of physical activity (PA) incorporating cognitive, social, and emotional elements in preschool. Additionally, this study, using a within-subject design, examined the acute effects of a PA session on classroom en...
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Background:This study investigated if motor proficiency (MP) in preschool age associate with physical activity (PA) in adolescence. Methods:In 2004, the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Short Form (BOTMP-SF) (7) was administered to 413 children, aged 4–6 years, who were classified to MP groups according to their BOTMP-SF total score (TS). In 2014, the PA of 106 former participants (47 boys, 59 girls) was measured with Omron pedometers. MP [three (high; above average; average)] × gen...
6 CitationsSource
#1Kristin Wick (University of Potsdam)H-Index: 1
#2Claudia S. Leeger-Aschmann (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 5
Last. Susi Kriemler (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 36
view all 15 authors...
Background Proficiency in fundamental movement skills (FMS) lays the foundation for being physically active and developing more complex motor skills. Improving these motor skills may provide enhanced opportunities for the development of a variety of perceptual, social, and cognitive skills.
10 CitationsSource
#1Kara K. Palmer (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 6
#2Abigail L. Matsuyama (AU: Auburn University)H-Index: 2
Last. Leah E. Robinson (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 19
view all 3 authors...
Preschool-aged children are not meeting national physical activity recommendations. This study compares preschoolers’ physical activity engagement during two different physical activity opportunities: outdoor free play or a structured movement session. Eighty-seven children served as participants: 40 children participated in outdoor free play and another 47 children participated in a planned movement session. Children in the movement program replaced their outdoor free play with a structured mov...
8 CitationsSource
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#1Jung Eun Lee (UMN: University of Minnesota)
#2Zan Gao (UMN: University of Minnesota)
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Approximately 50% of preschoolers do not meet physical activity recommendations and children who reside in low-income rural communities may be further at risk for higher levels of sedentary behavior. Outdoor play is essential for preschool children; however, literature is unclear as to which types of interventions elicit moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for all preschoolers. The aim of this study was to determine which type of intervention, physical activity or fundamental motor ski...
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#1Cain C.T. ClarkH-Index: 5
#2Michael J. DuncanH-Index: 26
Last. Isaac Estevan (University of Valencia)H-Index: 9
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ABSTRACTApplication of machine learning techniques has the potential to yield unseen insights into movement and permits visualisation of complex behaviours and tangible profiles. The aim of this st...
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#1Ne N. WuH-Index: 2
#2Haili TianH-Index: 1
Last. Yingmei ZhangH-Index: 2
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Physical exercise promotes cardiorespiratory fitness, and is considered the mainstream of non-pharmacological therapies along with lifestyle modification for various chronic diseases, in particular cardiovascular diseases. Physical exercise may positively affect various cardiovascular risk factors including body weight, blood pressure, insulin sensitivity, lipid and glucose metabolism, heart function, endothelial function, and body fat composition. With the ever-rising prevalence of obesity and ...
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