The effect of the CHAMP intervention on fundamental motor skills and outdoor physical activity in preschoolers

Published on Mar 1, 2019in Journal of Sport and Health Science3.644
· DOI :10.1016/j.jshs.2018.12.003
Kara K. Palmer6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UM: University of Michigan),
Katherine M. Chinn2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UM: University of Michigan),
Leah E. Robinson19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UM: University of Michigan)
Abstract Purpose Physical activity (PA) and fundamental motor skills are important components of current and future trajectories of health in young children. This study examined the effects of a 5-week motor skill intervention on preschoolers’ motor skill competence and their PA behaviors while participating in the motor skills intervention or outdoor free-play (recess). Methods A total of 102 preschoolers served as participants and were part of a motor skill intervention group ( n  = 64) or a control/outdoor free-play group ( n  = 38). Children's motor skills were assessed before and after the intervention using the Test of Gross Motor Development - 3rd Edition. PA during the motor skill intervention and outdoor free-play was assessed using accelerometers both immediately before the start (baseline, Week 0 or Week 1) and end (late, Week 5 or Week 6) of the intervention. Results All children significantly improved their motor skills from baseline to late assessment ( p p p vs. intervention), but there was a significant effect of sex ( p vs. outdoor free-play) at either time point, but boys were more active than girls at the late assessment ( p Conclusion The 5-week motor skill intervention was effective at improving preschoolers’ motor skills and rates of change in motor skills were higher for children who completed the intervention compared with children in the control group. Preschoolers in the intervention did demonstrate PA changes while participating in the intervention, but these changes did not translate outside of the intervention setting.
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