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The application of mental fatigue research to elite team sport performance: New perspectives

Published on Jun 1, 2019in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport3.62
· DOI :10.1016/j.jsams.2018.12.008
Suzanna Russell1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Queensland Academy of Sport),
David G. Jenkins45
Estimated H-index: 45
(UQ: University of Queensland)
+ 2 AuthorsVincent G. Kelly8
Estimated H-index: 8
(QUT: Queensland University of Technology)
Cite
Abstract
Mental fatigue resulting from prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity, has been found to impair endurance exercise performance and performance in some sport-specific tasks. The application of such research to the elite sporting environment however is limited. This article reviews the literature relevant to mental fatigue and team sporting performance with aim to provide perspectives on the transferability and significance of currently available evidence to the applied elite sporting context. Inconsistent findings in the limited available literature can be attributed to large variations in the participants involved, the nature of the cognitively demanding tasks used to induce mental fatigue and the tests used to assess performance outcomes. Few studies have used trained athletes in combination with performance tests that accurately represent the physiological and technical demands experienced by athletes in competition. While there is growing interest in the acute influence of mental fatigue on exercise performance, a potential cumulative effect of mental fatigue on performance over, for example, a competitive season is an area yet to be investigated. If it is accepted that mental fatigue impairs the performance of some athletes, then improving the ecological validity of research in the area of mental fatigue and sport will significantly advance our understanding of how to better monitor and manage mental fatigue. At the elite level of competition, where outcomes are determined by very small margins of difference, reducing the impact of mental fatigue on performance has potential to be significant.
  • References (49)
  • Citations (2)
Cite
References49
Newest
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Sports Medicine7.58
Kristy Martin5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UC: University of Canberra),
Romain Meeusen53
Estimated H-index: 53
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
+ 2 AuthorsBen Rattray13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UC: University of Canberra)
Mental fatigue reflects a change in psychobiological state, caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity. It has been well documented that mental fatigue impairs cognitive performance; however, more recently, it has been demonstrated that endurance performance is also impaired by mental fatigue. The mechanism behind the detrimental effect of mental fatigue on endurance performance is poorly understood. Variables traditionally believed to limit endurance performance, such as heart ...
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Sports Medicine7.58
Mitchell R. Smith5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Newcastle),
Chris Thompson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Saarland University)
+ 3 AuthorsAaron J. Coutts47
Estimated H-index: 47
(UTS: University of Technology, Sydney)
Fatigue is a complex state with multiple physiological and psychological origins. However, fatigue in soccer has traditionally been investigated from a physiological perspective, with little emphasis on the cognitive demands of competition. These cognitive demands may induce mental fatigue, which could contribute to the fatigue-related performance decrements observed during and after soccer matches. Recent research investigating the relationship between mental fatigue and soccer-specific perform...
Published on Apr 1, 2018in Human Movement Science1.93
Diogo Coutinho6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UTAD: University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro),
Bruno Gonçalves12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UTAD: University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro)
+ 3 AuthorsJaime Sampaio32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UTAD: University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro)
Abstract This study examined the effects of induced mental and muscular fatigue on soccer players’ physical activity profile and collective behavior during small-sided games (SSG). Ten youth soccer players performed a 5vs5 SSG under three conditions: a) control, playing without any previous activity; b) muscular fatigue, playing after performing a repeated change-of-direction task; c) mental fatigue, playing after completing a 30 min Stroop color-word task. Players’ positional data was used to c...
Published on Apr 1, 2018in Psychopharmacology3.42
Jeroen Van Cutsem2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel),
Kevin De Pauw9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
+ 2 AuthorsBart Roelands25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
Introduction Mental fatigue is a psychobiological state caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity that has negative implications on many aspects in daily life. Caffeine and carbohydrate ingestion have been shown to be able to reduce these negative effects of mental fatigue. Intake of these substances might however be less desirable in some situations (e.g., restricted caloric intake, Ramadan). Rinsing caffeine or glucose within the mouth has already been shown to improve exerci...
Published on Mar 16, 2018in Frontiers in Physiology3.20
Flávio de Oliveira Pires7
Estimated H-index: 7
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Fernando L. Silva-Júnior3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Universal Forest Products)
+ 5 AuthorsTony Meireles Santos3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USP: University of São Paulo)
Purpose: We sought to verify if alterations in prefrontal cortex (PFC) activation and psychological responses would play along with impairments in pacing and performance of mentally fatigued cyclists. Material and Methods: Eight recreational cyclists performed two preliminary sessions to familiarize them with the rapid visual information processing (RVP) test, psychological scales and 20 km cycling time trial (TT20km) (session 1), as well as to perform a VO2MAX test (session 2). Thereafter, they...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in European Journal of Applied Physiology3.06
Hawbeer Salam1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UKC: University of Kent),
Samuele Maria Marcora16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UKC: University of Kent),
James G. Hopker15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UKC: University of Kent)
Purpose Time to exhaustion (TTE) tests used in the determination of critical power (CP) and curvature constant (W′) of the power–duration relationship are strongly influenced by the perception of effort (PE). This study aimed to investigate whether manipulation of the PE alters the CP and W′.
Published on Dec 23, 2017in Pediatric Exercise Science1.71
Eduardo Macedo Penna4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Edson Filho12
Estimated H-index: 12
+ 5 AuthorsLuciano Sales Prado5
Estimated H-index: 5
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the impact of mental fatigue on heart rate variability, subjective measures of fatigue, and swimming performance in young athletes. Methods: Sixteen swimmers [15.45 (0.51) y old, 7.35 (2.20) y of swimming experience] performed a 1500-m time trial on 2 occasions separated by an interval of at least 72 hours. The 1500-m swimming was preceded by a 30-minute treatment that consisted of performing the Stroop Color and Word test to induce mental fatigue (experi...
Published on Dec 17, 2017in Journal of Sports Sciences2.81
Darren Veness1
Estimated H-index: 1
(St. Mary's University),
Stephen D. Patterson9
Estimated H-index: 9
(St. Mary's University)
+ 1 AuthorsMark Waldron11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UNE: University of New England (Australia))
ABSTRACTThis study investigated the effects of a mentally fatiguing test on physical tasks among elite cricketers. In a cross-over design, 10 elite male cricket players from a professional club performed a cricket run-two test, a Batak Lite reaction time test and a Yo-Yo-Intermittent Recovery Level 1 (Yo-Yo-IR1) test, providing a rating of perceived exertion (RPE) after completing a 30-min Stroop test (mental fatigue condition) or 30-min control condition. Perceived fatigue was assessed before a...
Susan Vrijkotte3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Romain Meeusen53
Estimated H-index: 53
+ 4 AuthorsBart Roelands25
Estimated H-index: 25
Purpose: The 2-bout exercise protocol has been developed to diagnose nonfunctional overreaching and the “overtraining syndrome.” It consists of 2 maximal exercise bouts separated by 4 hours. Mental fatigue negatively influences performance, but the effects of its occurrence during the 2-bout exercise protocol have never been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine whether mental fatigue (induced during the rest period) influences physical and cognitive performance during/after the sec...
Published on Sep 21, 2017in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
Diogo Coutinho6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UTAD: University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro),
Bruno Gonçalves12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UTAD: University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro)
+ 3 AuthorsJaime Sampaio32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UTAD: University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro)
This study examined the effects of mental fatigue and additional corridor and pitch sector lines on players’ physical and tactical performances during soccer small-sided games. Twelve youth players performed four Gk+6vs6+Gk small-sided games. Prior to the game, one team performed a motor coordination task to induce mental fatigue, while the other one performed a control task. A repeated measures design allowed to compare players’ performances across four conditions: (a) with mental fatigue again...
Cited By2
Newest
Published on May 13, 2019in European Journal of Sport Science2.38
Suzanna Russell1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Queensland Academy of Sport),
David G. Jenkins45
Estimated H-index: 45
(UQ: University of Queensland)
+ 2 AuthorsVincent G. Kelly8
Estimated H-index: 8
(QUT: Queensland University of Technology)
AbstractMental fatigue is a psychobiological state caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity shown to negatively influence physical performance. Variation exists across the literature regarding the manifestations and impact of mental fatigue; with little knowledge of the domain-specific manifestations in elite sport. The difficulties in defining mental fatigue may explain why it is not consistently assessed by coaching or support staff. The aim of this study was therefore to in...
Published on Apr 29, 2019
Naroa Etxebarria5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Iñigo Mujika38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UPV/EHU: University of the Basque Country)
+ 0 AuthorsDavid B. Pyne52
Estimated H-index: 52
Triathlon is characterized by the multidisciplinary nature of the sport where swimming, cycling, and running are completed sequentially in different events, such as the sprint, Olympic, long-distance, and Ironman formats. The large number of training sessions and overall volume undertaken by triathletes to improve fitness and performance can also increase the risk of injury, illness, or excessive fatigue. Short- and medium-term individualized training plans, periodization strategies, and work/re...