Match!

Ancient roaches further exemplify ‘no land return’ in aquatic insects

Published on Apr 1, 2019in Gondwana Research6.478
· DOI :10.1016/J.GR.2018.10.020
Peter Vršanský13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Hemen Sendi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Comenius University in Bratislava)
+ 7 AuthorsThierry Garcia1
Estimated H-index: 1
(RAFAEL: Rafael Advanced Defense Systems)
Abstract
Abstract Among insects, 236 families in 18 of 44 orders independently invaded water. We report living amphibiotic cockroaches from tropical streams of UNESCO BR Sumaco, Ecuador. We also describe the first fossil aquatic roach larvae (6 spp.; n = 44, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1) from the most diverse tropical Mesozoic sediments (Middle Jurassic Bakhar Fm in Mongolia, Kimmeridgian Karabastau Fm in Kazakhstan; Aptian Crato Fm in Brazil), and the Barremian Lebanese and Cenomanian Myanmar ambers. Tropic-limited occurrences are trophic- (biomass/litter-fall), structural- (diversity) and also abiotic-factor-dependent (high temperatures). Diverse Paleozoic aquatic eoblattids are here (re)described from the lower Permian sediments of Elmo, U.S.A. and Chekarda, Russia. They competed with true cockroaches to reach water prior to the Mesozoic. Due to different evolutionary rates or periodical changes in water characteristics, non-adapted terrestrial insects repeatedly invaded the aquatic realm with well adapted hydrobionts. Obscurely, most aquatic lineages still survive. In contrast with Crustacea, aquatic-terrestrial reversal is absent. A single principal lineage, namely of moths, ancestral to butterflies (origination of modern insects from ephemerans and dragonflies is questioned), possibly evolved from insects with aquatic immature stages, and none from aquatic adults. The rest of the orders are terrestrial-derived. The proposed reason for the lack of land return is the character of numerous aquatic adaptations related to reductions, which are unlikely to be resuppressed. The aquatic insect family/terrestrial insect family ratio over time reveals a sharp rise from the Late Carboniferous to Late Triassic followed by lasting stability. Diversification of aquatic insects seems consistent with a 62.05 ± 0.02 Ma periodicity.
  • References (64)
  • Citations (11)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
22 Citations
18 Citations
20190.73Biologia
17 Authors (Peter Vršanský, ..., Günter Bechly)
12 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References64
Newest
8 CitationsSource
Alienoptera have been recently described from mid-Cretaceous amber and are nested phylogenetically inside the Dictyoptera lineage as the sister group of Mantodea. The second known species, Alienopterella stigmatica gen. et sp. nov., is described and illustrated in this contribution based on a male embedded in Cretaceous Burmese amber of earliest Cenomanian age. The well-preserved holotype allows clarification of the characteristics of the order. The first-studied hind wings are derived from the ...
11 CitationsSource
#1Xin-Ran Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 4
#2Diying Huang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 21
Abstract Here we describe a new corydiid cockroach, Nodosigalea burmanica gen. et sp. nov., from the middle Cretaceous Burmese amber. The well-preserved specimens exhibit a typical habitus of Corydiidae, and are characterized by nodulous pronotum, distinct wing venation and unique tarsi, the hind ones of which have different ventral structures from the fore- and midlegs. The combination of adhesive fore- and midtarsi and propulsive hindtarsi suggests a particular life style of the new genus. The...
18 CitationsSource
#1Peter VršanskýH-Index: 13
#2Günter BechlyH-Index: 13
Last. Bo Wang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 45
view all 23 authors...
Batesian mimicry is a relationship in which a harmful organism (the model) is mimicked by a harmless organism (the mimic), which gains protection because predators mistake it for the model. It is the most widely studied of mimicry complexes and has undoubtedly played an important role in the speciation of various animals especially insects. However, little is known about the early evolution of this important behavior and its evolutionary significance owing to a dearth of paleontological records....
16 CitationsSource
#1Petr Kočárek (University of Ostrava)H-Index: 13
Summary Alienoptera is an insect order recently described from mid-Cretaceous amber [1] and is phylogenetically nested in the Dictyoptera lineage. Alienoptera currently comprises three species: Alienopterus brachyelytrus [1] , Alienopterella stigmatica [2] and Caputoraptor elegans [3] . The most interesting is Caputoraptor elegans, which was recently described in Current Biology by Bai and colleagues [3] and which has an unusual cephalo-thoracic device formed by wing-like extensions of the genae...
7 CitationsSource
14 CitationsSource
#1A.P. Rasnitsyn (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 4
#2O. D. Strelnikova (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
Information on the internal organization of Saurophthirus longipes Ponomarenko, 1976 from the Baissa locality in the western Transbaikalia is described and supplemented with the data on its digestive system. The entire intestine is straight, without bends or outgrowths. The proventriculus is hypertrophied and sclerotized; the midgut is wide, saclike; the hindgut is short, straight, undifferentiated probably due to pedomorphosis. Element analysis of the intestine content has not corroborated hema...
1 CitationsSource
#1Peter Vršanský (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
#1Peter VršanskýH-Index: 13
Last. Bo WangH-Index: 45
view all 2 authors...
Only a few families have been recognized in the 320 million year history of cockroaches. The 31st one, represented by monotypic Ol xiai sp. n. from theMyanmar amber is described here. It inhabited lowland forest near the shore. It possesses several unique morphological features including bipectinate antennae, round terminal palpomeres, sophisticated forewing shape with broken R and CuP forming a distinct unsclerotised area and with RS branched to both sides, and a huge foretibial spur. The new g...
17 CitationsSource
#1Sydney K. Brannoch (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 3
#2Gavin J. Svenson (Case Western Reserve University)H-Index: 12
: Hornig, Haug & Haug (2017) published a description of a new specimen of Santanmantis axelrodi MB.I.2068, an extinct species of praying mantis from the Crato Formation of Brazil. According to Hornig, Haug & Haug (2017), the discovery of this new specimen brought with it implications for praying mantis character evolution and predatory behavior; it is with these lines of reasoning that we find fault. More specifically, we point to four flawed assumptions in their study that led to their unsubsta...
1 CitationsSource
#1Peter Vršanský (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 13
#2Róbert Oružinský (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
Last. Dong RenH-Index: 2
view all 6 authors...
Heritably transferred genome mutations extending phenotypic variability together with natural selection (alternatively with genetic drift, draft, stability, and passive selections) are the main conditions of species evolution. Intervals with high rates of detrimental mutations are virtually absent from the fossil record due to the difficulty of identifying them. Our evidence, based on living populations indicate that insect wing deformities represent heritable hypomorphic mutations that are simi...
19 CitationsSource
Cited By11
Newest
#1Jingxia Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
#2Xiangdong Zhao (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
Last. Chuantao Xiao (Yangtze University)
view all 5 authors...
Abstract The family Liberiblattinidae is a small but phylogenetically most important group of Blattaria (cockroaches), comprising 17 Mesozoic genera and 20 species. The genus Stavba Vrsanska et Vrsanský in Vrsanský et al. (2019c) of this family consists of two known species. Stavba jarzembowskii sp. nov. is described and figured based on an exceptionally preserved male individual in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar. It is distinguished from other two species by more round eyes, narrower body, b...
Source
#1Geerat J. Vermeij (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 53
Terrestrial arthropods often colonized and became important in freshwater ecosystems, but did so less often and with little consequence in marine habitats. This pattern cannot be explained by the physical properties of water alone or by limitations of the terrestrial arthropod body plan alone. One hypothesis is that transitions among terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems are unlikely when well-adapted incumbent species in the recipient realm collectively resist entry by initially less well ...
Source
#1Lu Qiu (SWU: Southwest University)H-Index: 5
#1Lu Qiu (SWU: Southwest University)H-Index: 1
Last. Yan-Li Che (SWU: Southwest University)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Cretaperiplaneta kaonashi Qiu, Che et Wang, gen. et sp. nov. (Blattodea: Blattidae) is described from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. This new cockroach resembles the extant genus Periplaneta, with wide apart eyes, smooth pronotum that wider than long, complex venation in tegmina, long but sparse spines on hind margins of femora, tarsomeres with spines, symmetrical tarsal claws, and long, tapered and segmented cerci. However, it is remarkable for its long pubescence on the pronotum and te...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jan Hinkelman (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)
#2Lucia Vršanská (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
Early endosymbiotic interactions are recorded only from a Cretaceous termite and a cockroach. Mesoblatta maxi Hinkelman, gen. et sp. nov. is the second representative of the dominant, cosmopolitan Mesozoic family Mesoblattinidae known from Cenomanian northern Myanmar amber, and the fourteenth from both amber and sedimentary rocks. Unique characters are rare (n = 19), symplesiomorphies are frequent (n = 140), and foremost is a standard maxillary palp, an irregular area between forewing veins radi...
Source
Source
#1Hemen SendiH-Index: 3
#2Peter VršanskýH-Index: 13
Last. Donald L. J. Quicke (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 44
view all 9 authors...
Abstract There is little fossil evidence for cave arthropods. Small size, disfunctional wings, extremely long antenna, dense minute setation, palidity and reduced eyes are typical adaptations to life in caves shown by the cockroach Mulleriblattina bowangi gen. et sp. n., found together with epigeic Crenocticola svadba sp. n., both from Myanmar amber and belonging to the cavernicolous cockroach family Nocticolidae. These lineages of earliest still living cavernicoles suggest large, numerous caver...
Source
#1Hemen SendiH-Index: 3
#1Hemen Sendi (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
Last. Peter Vršanský (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 4
view all 8 authors...
Direct fossil evidence for Mesozoic flower pollination is scarce. Umenocoleoid micro-cockroaches Lepidopterix vegrandis gen. et sp. n. (Lebanese amber) and Antophiloblatta hispida gen. et sp. n. (Myanmar amber) possess size, form, complex coloration pattern and surface structure, cryptic with potentially entomophilous angiosperms Tropidogyne pentaptera Poinar, 2017 and Antiquifloris latifibris Poinar et Buckley, 2016 flower petals and sepals. Putative pollen grains attached to the latter adult i...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jan Hinkelman (University of Zagreb)H-Index: 2
#1Jan Hinkelman (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)
Morphological insect-insect mimicry is known from few Cretaceous cockroaches and a beetle. Formicamendax vrsanskyi gen. et sp. n. (Blattaria, Alienopteridae) shows myrmecomorph features such as an elongated, smooth and black body, simple fenestrated hindwing, legs lacking protective spines. Elbowed or “geniculate “antenna is a typical character of advanced ants and weevils used for different forms of communication. Together with reduced mouthparts and specialized palps still preserved grasping f...
5 CitationsSource
#1Peter Barna (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2Lucia Šmídová (Charles University in Prague)H-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
: Cenozoic cockroaches are recent and with two indigenous exceptions, based on their fragmentary preservation state, they cannot be discriminated formally from representatives of living genera. Anaplecta vega sp.n. -the second described cockroach from Miocene (23 Ma) Simojovel amber (Mexico: Chiapas: Los Pocitos) is characterized by a slender, under 5 mm long body, prolonged mouthparts bearing long maxillary palps with a distinct flattened triangular terminal palpomere, large eyes and long slend...
1 CitationsSource
#1Tao Chen (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Shaohua Liu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
Last. Lei Chen (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
view all 4 authors...
Abstract The Blattulidae is an extinct family of cosmopolitan Mesozoic cockroaches with a low generic diversity. Habroblattula laiyangensis sp. nov. from the Lower Cretaceous Laiyang Formation of Shandong Province of China with well-preserved both hind wings is only closely related to the H. drepanoides Wang, Liang & Ren, 2007 from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation, sharing the venation pattern, while being significantly smaller, and provides new characteristics of ancient Blattulidae. In ad...
1 CitationsSource