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Ancient roaches further exemplify ‘no land return’ in aquatic insects

Published on Apr 1, 2019in Gondwana Research6.48
· DOI :10.1016/j.gr.2018.10.020
Peter Vršanský10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Hemen Sendi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Comenius University in Bratislava)
+ 7 AuthorsThierry Garcia1
Estimated H-index: 1
(RAFAEL: Rafael Advanced Defense Systems)
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Abstract
Abstract Among insects, 236 families in 18 of 44 orders independently invaded water. We report living amphibiotic cockroaches from tropical streams of UNESCO BR Sumaco, Ecuador. We also describe the first fossil aquatic roach larvae (6 spp.; n = 44, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1) from the most diverse tropical Mesozoic sediments (Middle Jurassic Bakhar Fm in Mongolia, Kimmeridgian Karabastau Fm in Kazakhstan; Aptian Crato Fm in Brazil), and the Barremian Lebanese and Cenomanian Myanmar ambers. Tropic-limited occurrences are trophic- (biomass/litter-fall), structural- (diversity) and also abiotic-factor-dependent (high temperatures). Diverse Paleozoic aquatic eoblattids are here (re)described from the lower Permian sediments of Elmo, U.S.A. and Chekarda, Russia. They competed with true cockroaches to reach water prior to the Mesozoic. Due to different evolutionary rates or periodical changes in water characteristics, non-adapted terrestrial insects repeatedly invaded the aquatic realm with well adapted hydrobionts. Obscurely, most aquatic lineages still survive. In contrast with Crustacea, aquatic-terrestrial reversal is absent. A single principal lineage, namely of moths, ancestral to butterflies (origination of modern insects from ephemerans and dragonflies is questioned), possibly evolved from insects with aquatic immature stages, and none from aquatic adults. The rest of the orders are terrestrial-derived. The proposed reason for the lack of land return is the character of numerous aquatic adaptations related to reductions, which are unlikely to be resuppressed. The aquatic insect family/terrestrial insect family ratio over time reveals a sharp rise from the Late Carboniferous to Late Triassic followed by lasting stability. Diversification of aquatic insects seems consistent with a 62.05 ± 0.02 Ma periodicity.
  • References (61)
  • Citations (3)
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References61
Newest
Published on Mar 19, 2019in Journal of Systematic Palaeontology2.31
Petr Kočárek12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Ostrava)
Alienoptera have been recently described from mid-Cretaceous amber and are nested phylogenetically inside the Dictyoptera lineage as the sister group of Mantodea. The second known species, Alienopterella stigmatica gen. et sp. nov., is described and illustrated in this contribution based on a male embedded in Cretaceous Burmese amber of earliest Cenomanian age. The well-preserved holotype allows clarification of the characteristics of the order. The first-studied hind wings are derived from the ...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Cretaceous Research2.12
Xin-Ran Li2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Diying Huang18
Estimated H-index: 18
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract Here we describe a new corydiid cockroach, Nodosigalea burmanica gen. et sp. nov., from the middle Cretaceous Burmese amber. The well-preserved specimens exhibit a typical habitus of Corydiidae, and are characterized by nodulous pronotum, distinct wing venation and unique tarsi, the hind ones of which have different ventral structures from the fore- and midlegs. The combination of adhesive fore- and midtarsi and propulsive hindtarsi suggests a particular life style of the new genus. The...
Published on Oct 1, 2018in Biologia0.73
Peter Vršanský10
Estimated H-index: 10
(SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences),
Günter Bechly11
Estimated H-index: 11
+ 20 AuthorsSonia Bigalk1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart)
Batesian mimicry is a relationship in which a harmful organism (the model) is mimicked by a harmless organism (the mimic), which gains protection because predators mistake it for the model. It is the most widely studied of mimicry complexes and has undoubtedly played an important role in the speciation of various animals especially insects. However, little is known about the early evolution of this important behavior and its evolutionary significance owing to a dearth of paleontological records....
Published on Aug 1, 2018in Current Biology9.19
Petr Kočárek12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Ostrava)
Summary Alienoptera is an insect order recently described from mid-Cretaceous amber [1] and is phylogenetically nested in the Dictyoptera lineage. Alienoptera currently comprises three species: Alienopterus brachyelytrus [1] , Alienopterella stigmatica [2] and Caputoraptor elegans [3] . The most interesting is Caputoraptor elegans, which was recently described in Current Biology by Bai and colleagues [3] and which has an unusual cephalo-thoracic device formed by wing-like extensions of the genae...
Published on Mar 1, 2018in Paleontological Journal0.72
A. P. Rasnitsyn13
Estimated H-index: 13
(RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences),
O. D. Strelnikova1
Estimated H-index: 1
(RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)
Information on the internal organization of Saurophthirus longipes Ponomarenko, 1976 from the Baissa locality in the western Transbaikalia is described and supplemented with the data on its digestive system. The entire intestine is straight, without bends or outgrowths. The proventriculus is hypertrophied and sclerotized; the midgut is wide, saclike; the hindgut is short, straight, undifferentiated probably due to pedomorphosis. Element analysis of the intestine content has not corroborated hema...
Published on Nov 16, 2017in PeerJ2.35
Sydney K. Brannoch3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Case Western Reserve University),
Gavin J. Svenson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Case Western Reserve University)
Published on Jul 24, 2017in PeerJ2.35
Marie K. Hörnig4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Joachim T. Haug9
Estimated H-index: 9
(LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich),
Carolin Haug9
Estimated H-index: 9
(LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)
Mantodeans or praying mantises are flying insects and well known for their raptorial behaviour, mainly performed by their first pair of thoracic appendages. We describe here a new, exceptionally preserved specimen of the early mantodean Santanmantis axelrodi Grimaldi, 2003 from the famous 110 million years old Crato Formation, Brazil. The incomplete specimen preserves important morphological details, which were not known in this specific form before for this species or any other representative o...
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Palaeoworld1.14
Sibelle Maksoud6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Dany Azar6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 1 AuthorsRaymond Gèze7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Lebanese University)
Abstract The “Gres du Liban” [Sandstone of Lebanon] is the basal lithostratigraphic unit for the Cretaceous series in Lebanon. In the upper part of these siliciclastic-dominated strata we identified three discrete intervals characterized by their richness in amber with biological inclusions, mostly insects. The middle and upper intervals previously attributed to an Early Aptian (= Bedoulian) age are nowadays ascribed to the Early and Late Barremian respectively; the lower interval is Early Barre...
Cited By3
Newest
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Cretaceous Research2.12
Tao Chen (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences), Shaohua Liu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)+ 1 AuthorsLei Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract The Blattulidae is an extinct family of cosmopolitan Mesozoic cockroaches with a low generic diversity. Habroblattula laiyangensis sp. nov. from the Lower Cretaceous Laiyang Formation of Shandong Province of China with well-preserved both hind wings is only closely related to the H. drepanoides Wang, Liang & Ren, 2007 from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation, sharing the venation pattern, while being significantly smaller, and provides new characteristics of ancient Blattulidae. In ad...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Cretaceous Research2.12
Abstract Mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar, also known as “burmite”, has produced 1013 species of which 693 are Insects. The Mesozoic cockroach record is rich, with thousands of specimens that show diverse ecological adaptations. Cretaceous cockroaches in amber have been reported from Lebanon, Taimyr, New Jersey and France. Cockroaches from Myanmar amber are represented by at least 74 species, of which 14 are formally described. Spinaeblattina with S. myanmarensis gen. et sp. nov. and S. yixiane...
Published on May 29, 2019in Biologia0.73
Jan Hinkelman (SAV: Slovak Academy of Sciences)
Morphological insect-insect mimicry is known from few Cretaceous cockroaches and a beetle. Formicamendax vrsanskyi gen. et sp. n. (Blattaria, Alienopteridae) shows myrmecomorph features such as an elongated, smooth and black body, simple fenestrated hindwing, legs lacking protective spines. Elbowed or “geniculate “antenna is a typical character of advanced ants and weevils used for different forms of communication. Together with reduced mouthparts and specialized palps still preserved grasping f...
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